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Table Of Contents

Features of Spreadsheet
Generation of Computers
generation of computers :-( 1985-onwards)
History of Computers
Stone Age
Abacus
Babbage’s Mechanical Computer
Napier’s ‘Logs’ and ‘Bones’
PASCAL’s adding machines (1642)
Leibnitz’s Calculator
Punched Cards
Workstation (or Nodes)
Server
Supercomputers
Mainframes
Minicomputers
Microcomputers
NETWORKS
Advantages of networks are:
Disadvantages of networks are:
Local Area Network (LAN)
Metropolitan Area Network (MAN)
Wide Area Network (WAN)
NETWORK COMPONENTS
Advantages of E-mail
Disadvantages of E-mail
INTERNET
How does internet work?
Advantages of Internet
Difference between internet and intranet
Applications of Internet
Protocols
Types of Protocols
FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
SLIP/PPP (Serial Line Internet Protocol/ Point to Point Protocol)
Types of Cyber Crime
NETWORK SECURITY
PROTECTION METHODS
Encrypted Smart Cards
Biometric systems
Firewall
Firewall Techniques
More Security Tips
BIT AND BYTE
Units of memory
Internal storage (Primary memory)
Random Access Memory (RAM)
Read Only Memory (ROM)
Programmable Read – Only Memory (PROM)
External storage (Secondary memory)
Cartridge Tape
Magneto- Optical disk
Floppy Disk
Advantage:
Disadvantage:
Precautions:
Hard Disk
Floppy Disk Hard Disk
CD-ROM (Compact Disk Read Only Memory)
DVD (Digital Versatile Disk)
Disk Drives
DISTINCTION BETWEEN HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE
Points of Difference Hardware Software
TYPES OF SOFTWARE
Distinction between Interpreter and Compiler
Interpreter Compiler
CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT OR SYSTEM UNIT
Keyboard
SPECAIL KEYS DESCRIPTION
Mouse or Mice
Shortcut menu
To create a shortcut to a file
Drag and drop method
Joystick
Scanner (or Optical Scanner)
Light Pen
Stylus
Digital Camera
Web Camera
Magnetic Ink Character Recognition (MICR)
Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
Optical Mark Reader (OMR)
Smart Card Reader
Bar Code Reader
Speech Input Devices
OUTPUT DEVICES
Speakers
Modem
Types of Printers
Dot Matrix Printer Laser Printer
An Introduction to Windows
The Task bar
Displaying Toolbars in Taskbar
Parts of a Window
RESIZING AND MOVING WINDOWS
WORKING WITH WINDOWS DESKTOP
Arranging Icons on the desktop
Changing the Desktop
TURNING OFF THE COMPUTER
The Start Button
CONTROL PANEL
User Account Option
Accessibility Option
Appearance and Themes
Date and Time Option
Sounds and Audio Devices
Speech
Changing Mouse Settings
Regional Settings
Add or Remove Programs Option
Add New Hardware
Printer and other Hardware
Performance and Maintenance Option
Network and Internet Connections
Run Command
DATA ORGANISATION
Types of Files in Computer’s Storage Media
MY COMPUTER
WINDOWS EXPLORER
Use Explorer to view files and folders
CREATING FOLDERS
Creating a Folder on the Desktop
Creating a folder in the C Drive
CREATING FILES
Creating a file on the Desktop
Creating a file in a folder
FILE OPERATIONS
Renaming files and folders
Copying files and folders
Copy a file to a Floppy Disk
Moving files and folders
Searching Files and Folders
Deleting a file or folder
RECYCLE BIN
Restoring from the Recycle Bin
Emptying the Recycle Bin
PAINT
Tool Name What it does
CLOPBOARD
ENTERTAINMENT IN WINDOWS XP
Using Sound Recorder
Using Media Player
Using Volume Control
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Published by Tarandeep Singh

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Published by: Tarandeep Singh on Sep 18, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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