No claim is made for either originality or completeness in these notes. Most of the examples have been taken from, or have been suggested by, the references given at the end. The topics chosen are those which may benefit a person who is beginning to study Japanese and who would like a quick reference to supplement more complete and authoritative sources.
Demonstratives and Interrogatives
Present and past polite forms
Expressing "to be"
Uses ofd esh \u00f4
Present and past plain forms
The gerund or-te form
Appendix. A few verbs
Japanese nouns do not have gender, they may not be modified by definite or indefinite articles because none exist in Japanese, and the singular and plural forms are usually the same. In romaji the names of persons and places are capitalized as are the names of languages except English (eigo).
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