iskandar malaysia, formerly known as iskandar development region (idr) and south johor
economic region (sjer) is the new main southern development corridor in johor, malaysia. the
iskandar malaysia was established on 30 july 2006. it is named after sultan iskandar of johor.
it is against this backdrop that in july 2005, the government of malaysia had tasked khazanah to conduct a feasibility study for the development of a special economic zone in south johor in what was then referred to as the southern belt economic zone (sbez).
in october 2005, khazanah presented a conceptual outline plan for the proposed south johor
economic region (sjer) to the national sjer planning committee (nspc) that concluded that there
was a strong economic, social and developmental rationale for the proposed development of sjer.
the nspc was chaired together by the prime minister of malaysia, abdullah ahmad badawi and
chief minister of johor, abdul ghani othman. khazanah acts as the secretariat for the committee.
the nspc further tasked khazanah to develop a detailed and comprehensive master plan for the
development of sjer that aims to address socio-economic development in a holistic and
in march 2006, the ninth malaysia plan covering the period 2006 to 2010 was launched by the
prime minister. it identified newly named iskandar malaysiaas one of the catalyst and high-impact
developments under the plan. this was further reinforced when in november 2006, the prime
minister, chief minister of johor and khazanah announced further details on iskandar malaysia on
the following comprehensive development plan (cdp):
the iskandar malaysia is administered by iskandar region development authority (irda).
physical development strategies
bay of johor bahru
bay of johor bahru
iskandar malaysia covers 221,634.1 hectares (2,216.3 km\u00b2) of land area within the southern most part of johor. the development region encompasses an area about 3 times the size of singapore and 48 times the size of putrajaya. iskandar malaysia covers the entire district of johor bahru (including the island within the district), mukim jerang batu, mukim sungai karang, mukim serkat, and kukup island in mukim ayer masin, all within the district of pontian.
the planning area falls under the jurisdiction of five local planning authorities, namely: majlis
bandaraya johor bahru (johor bahru city council). majlis perbandaran johor bahru tengah (johor
bahru tengah municipal council). pihak berkuasa tempatan pasir gudang (pasir gudang local
authority). majlis perbandaran kulai (kulai municipal council). majlis daerah pontian (pontian
five flagship zones are proposed as key focal points for developments in the iskandar malaysia.
four of the focal points will be located in the nusajaya-johor bahru-pasir gudang corridor also
known as the special economic corridor (sec) the flagship zones listed below are envisaged to
both strengthen further existing economic clusters as well as to diversify and develop targeted
* new financial district
* central business district
* danga bay integrated waterfront city
* johor state administrative centre
* medical hub
* international destination resort
* southern industrial logistic cluster
* port of tanjung pelepas (ptp)
* 2nd link (malaysia/singapore)
* free trade zone
* ramsar world heritage park
* tanjung piai - southernmost tip of asia
* pasir gudang port and industrial zone
* tanjung langsat port
* tanjung langsat technology park
* kim-kim regional distribution centre
* senai international airport
* senai cargo hub
* skudai knowledge hub
* senai multimodal centre
* msc cyberport city
it is targeted that developments within iskandar malaysia will initially focus on the medium term in
the nusajaya-johor bahru-pasir gudang corridor. the corridor is an established area of
development with two major ports, port of tanjung pelepas and pasir gudang, and a third oleo-
chemical port at tanjung langsat. the area also has two major links to singapore, the causeway
and the linkedua (second link). many of the new catalyst developments are expected to be in the
relatively new and greenfield area of nusajaya. nusajaya houses the new state administrative
centre and has been identified as an area to house several targeted new growth sectors including
in education, healthcare and tourism, among others.
including proposed free access zones that will have a relatively large international component.
currently, the free access zone plan has been scrapped from iskandar malaysia.
 economic development strategies
the two main economic growth sectors in iskandar malaysiacurrently are manufacturing and
electrical and electronic (e&e), chemical and chemical products (petrochemical, plastics, oleo chemicals) and food processing sub-sectors. they contribute 60% of the total value-added in manufacturing.
these key sectors lead to the emergence of supporting or induced sectors such as retail, wholesale, hotels, restaurants and finance. in manufacturing, the induced sectors include fabricated metal products, non-metallic products and transportation equipment.
* strengthen supporting industries and the basic foundation.
* strengthen international linkages.
* build on existing strength in respect of resource endowment and lever on singapore\u2019s
* optimise spatial distribution of economic activities.
* adopt the cluster approach.
* provide the right type of incentives and support.
* a strong base for vertically and horizontally integrated dynamic manufacturing and service
clusters. with well developed external linkages to major regional and global development nodes.
* a sizeable foreign residents (about 12-15%) with high skills and income would render viable
the various international class social and educational, health, recreational and other facilities that
are necessary for an international class \u2018life style\u2019 which is vital to attract and retain the inflow of
international investment and highly skilled managerial and professional workforce.
 social development strategies
the following strategic social development thrusts (ssdt) are proposed;
involved in social development
* ssdt 2: build social capital as the basis for social cohesion and integration
* ssdt 3: enhance ability of individual bumiputra and privately owned bumiputra companies
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