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Akbar Bugti

Akbar Bugti



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Published by: api-3695543 on Oct 14, 2008
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Nawab Akbar Shahbaz Khan Bugti(July 12, 1927\u2013August 26, 2006
) was the
Tumandar (head) of the warriorBugti tribe, and had served as governor of the restive
Balochistan Provincein Pakistan. An Oxford-educated man in a land of widespread
illiteracy, he was a towering persona in Baloch politics for several decades.

After an armed insurgency started in Balochistan in 2004, Bugti was widely perceived as the leader, going underground in 2005. On August 26, 2006, after several attempts in the preceding months the Pakistan army killed him in an aerial bombardment on his cave in

Kohlu, about 150 miles east of Quetta, leading to widespread unrest in the area, where he
is widely regarded as a hero and martyr.

With a wide following that crossed tribal lines across most ethnic Baloch groups, the
contradictions in this western educated feudal leader roused the strongest emotions, both
positive and negative. Despite a violent lifestyle, he had a pacifist image in many groups,
and certainly did not espouse a violent path in his early political career. In recent years,
he was accused by the Pakistani government of being awarlord, running a well-organized

militia sometimes considered to be the shadowy Balochistan Liberation Army(BLA)

numbering in the thousands. The BLA ran dozens of militant guerrilla training camps,
and was accused of hundreds of murders, torture and running private prisons and courts.
Hiding in the mountain ranges of Dera Bugti he was, according to the Pakistani
government, directing a \u201cFidel Castro/Che Guevara\u201d style guerrilla war. In July 2006, it
was perceived that Pakistan had targeted him through aerial bombing; the leader of
Balochistan National Party (Mengal) Sardar Akhtar Mengal said: "The increase in bomb
attacks in the Bugti and Marri areas are meant to target Baloch nationalist rebel leader
Nawab Akbar Bugti and his associates and called upon of the international community to
take note of the situation.\u201d

With epithets such as The Tiger of Balochistan, The Trade Unionist or Gas Man
(supposedly having ownership of many gasfields) he was a towering figure in Baloch
world. The longstanding conflict in Balochistan stems from differences in the perceived
autonomy the province was promised when they joined Pakistan in 1947. Today a large
faction is fighting for an independent Baloch nation encompassing areas in Pakistan,
Afghanistan and Iran. BLA, in the opinion of the Pakistani government, remains a "great
threat" to law and order in Balochistan and was recently banned by the Government of
Pakistan as well as by the United Kingdom, following intense lobbying by Pakistan.

1 Life
2 In Hiding
3 Death
4 Family
5 References
He was the son of Nawab Mehrab Khan Bugti and a grandson of Sir Shahbaz Khan
Bugti. He was born in Barkhanon July 12, 1927. A former Governorand Chief Minister

ofBalo chistan. He was educated at Oxford, England and Aitchison College, Lahore.
Legend has it that he killed his first man when he was only 12, and that he killed another
100 men to avenge the assassination of his son (Salal Bugti

Bugti sitting
Nawab Akbar Bugti was elected in a by-election to the National Assembly of Pakistan in
May 1958 to fill the vacancy created as a result of the assassination of the incumbent,Dr
Khan Sahib and sat on the government benches as a member of the ruling coalition.
Bugti (Republican) served as Minister of State (Interior) in the government ofPrime
Minister Malik Sir Feroz Khan Noon(Republican
) from September 20,1958 toOctober
7, 1958, when the cabinet was dismissed on the declaration of Martial Law by President
Iskander Mirza.

He was arrested and convicted by a Military Tribunal in 1960, and subsequently
disqualified from holding public office. As a result of his legal battles, he did not contest
the 1970 general elections. Instead, he campaigned on behalf of his younger brother,

Sardar Ahmed Nawaz Bugti, a candidate of the National Awami Party.

However, Bugti developed differences with the NAP leadership, especially the new
Balochistan Governor, Mir Ghaus Baksh Bizenjo. He informed the Federal Government
and President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (Pakistan Peoples Party

) about the alleged London
Plan, which resulted in the dismissal of the provincial governor as well as the Chief
Minister Sardar Ataullah Khan Mengal and his cabinet on February 14,1973.
The next day, the Federal Government appointed Bugti as the Governor of Balochistan,
and the Pakistan Army was deployed in the province as part of a crackdown on the
National Awami Party.
He resigned on January 1,1974 after disagreeing with the manner in which the Federal
Government was carrying out policies inBalo chistan.
There was a lull in his activities when General Rahimuddin Khan was appointed as
Governor of Balochistan in 1978. Bugti remained silent throughout the course of
Rahimuddin's rule, which was often characterized by hostility towards the Baloch
In 1988, he joined the Balochistan National Alliance and was elected Chief Minister on
February 4, 1989. His government frequently disagreed with the Federal Government led
by the Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto (Pakistan Peoples Party
Bugti resigned on August 6,1990 when the provincial assembly was dissolved by
Governor of Balochistan General Muhammad Musa Khan in accordance with the
instructions of President Ghulam Ishaq Khan exercising his authority by virtue of Article

58 (2 b) of the Constitution of Pakistan.
The incoming caretaker Chief Minister Mir Humayun Khan Marri was his son-in-law.
For the 1990 General Elections, Bugti formed his own political party, the Jamhoori Watan

Party (JWP), being Balochistan's single largest party and was elected to the provincial

In 1993, he was elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan representing theJWP in
parliament. Also in 1993 Nawab Bugti announced his candidacy to be President of
Pakistan, but later withdrew his candidacy and annouced his support to the eventual
winner Sardar Farooq Ahmed Khan Leghari. In 1997, Nawab Bugti was reelected to the

National Assembly of Pakistan representing the JWP.

Bugti was involved in failed insurgencies in Balochistan in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. He was at the forefront of a tribal war of independence that is currently being waged in Balochistan. He provided the public face and political support for the insurgency while his grandson Brahamdagh Bugti leads the Bugti tribesmen.

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