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Slavic Influences in Ancient Gaul

Slavic Influences in Ancient Gaul

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Slovenian study references on Sep 19, 2011
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87
Pavel eramov, giacarlo Tomezzoli
VIC InEnCEIn TE nCIEnT g
Povzetek 
OVnKI VPIV V KIČnI gIJIV prispevku avtorja z aalitičim pristopom pokažeta, da se s pomočjo ruščie idruih slovaskih jezikov da razložiti imea alskih pleme i boov ter topoime ito kljub temu, da so tradicioala poselitvea področja lovaov zato oddaljea odgalije. Študija se dotake tudi kostrukcije svetišč, opisuje obrede pokopov, umetost itudi verski i običaji življeski vsakda. Zodoviski viri i arheološki dokazi kažejoa to, da lovai iso samo poseljevali področij, kot jih poseljujeo dadaes, ampak da je jihov vpliv seal preko redje i Zahode Evrope vse do tlatika.
Itroductio
It is commo opiio betwee the scholars ad the people that the aciet gauls formed
a compact set of Celtic tribes speaki the gaulish lauae or similar varieties of the same
oe [1]. e gaulish lauae also called Classical Celtic had practically othi i commo
with Isular Celtic; it was very close to the Italic roup of toues ad had rammaticalforms similar to those of the Proto-Ido-Europea model [1]. owever, the publicatio i arecet past of relevat works has aimated the debate about the lavic cultural ad reliiousiueces ad about the lavic presece i the aciet gaul. With this paper, aer havireviewed said relevat works, we aalyze i more details some oriis of these iuecesad presece so as to itroduce some more arumets ad evideces ito the debate.
Past relevat works
I a rst book, mbrozic [2] provides, o the basis of lavic similarities ad
correspodeces, the decipheri of forty-three iscriptios i greek ad ati characters
discovered i race, as well as a list of more tha three-hudred topoyms of Brittay 
havi lavic roots. e states that the defeat of the Veeti by Caesar eded their heemoy 
i rmorica, but the people ad their lauae lived o i rmorica ad elsewhere forceturies to come.I his fudametal book, mbrozic [3], starti from the Old Map from the tlasistorique de la race (. oo), the Peutier Table ad the toie Itierary 
recoized lavic roots i may gaulish topoyms like Balatedo, Biorra, Blavia, ...,
Rodium, eabo, Belca, ..., Jader, Blavia, garuma, ... . e, he cosidered 19 gaulish
 
88tribes, arrivi to explai the meai of their ames, the topoyms of their settlemet
areas ad their iscriptios by meas of similarities with the lavic lauaes. e cosidered
rst the germaic tribe of the nemetes (geerally lavic – g. l. - nEM “dumb, mute”,i.e. speaki a mumbli, icomprehesible lauae), ad the the gaulish tribes of: thealuvii (VJ, cf. the iscriptios i greek characters ad the topoyms, pp. 15-31),the Velavii (VEVJI “the valued oes, the worthy oes”, mai occupatios: farmi,haulae ad trade, cf. the topoyms, pp. 31-38), the eusiavi (EKTI “to cut”, EJTI“to sow”, mai preoccupatio: ariculture, cf. the topoyms, pp. 38-50), the Madubii
(Mn “less”, B “the oak three”, possible boat-builders, cf. the iscriptios i greek ad
ati characters ad the topoyms, pp. 50-57), the Volcae recomici (VOCJE, peacefulpreoccupatios: ariculture, aimal husbadry, cf. the iscriptios i greek charactersad the topoyms, pp. 57-78), the Volcae Tectosaes (VK “wolf”, cf. the topoyms, pp.79-94), the Rutei (cf. the iscriptios i ati characters ad the topoyms, pp. 94-110),the Cadurci (cf. the topoyms, pp. 110-126), the Cabales (KOVI “smiths”, occupatios:smiths, boat builders, miers, beekeepers, dairyme, cf. iscriptio i ati characters,
topoyms, pp. 126-134), the Petroorii (VETROgORJI hills “exposed to the blast prevaili
westerly o the tlatic”, cf. topoyms, pp. 134-152), the Vasates (VE, V “villae”, cf.the topoyms, pp. 152-157), the Bituries Cubi (g. l. - BI, VI “at, with, i”, g. l. TRg,
TERg, TRg “market”, g. l. - KPITI “to buy”, cf. the topoyms, pp. 158-172), the Bituries
Vivisci (VIETI “to ha, to be suspeded”, cf. the topoyms, pp. 172-179), the Meduli
(mai activities: beekeepi, productio of hoey, fermetatio of mead, cf. the topoyms,
pp. 179-182), the oire Boii (cf. the topoyms, pp. 182-189), the Bay of Biscay Boii (cf.the topoyms, pp. 190-194), the atoes (cf. the topoyms, pp. 194-202), the Veeti, theVolcae Tectosaes i atolia (cf. the topoyms, pp. 204-206), the Bellovaci (g. l. - BE“white” ad VE, V, “White Villaes”, cf. the topoyms, pp. 206-214).e coclusios of the book are:i the etire amut of ames cosidered o oe appears to be of Celtic orii,there seems to be o Celtic iuece whatsoever withi the structure of the lavicforms,
the Roma cotacts with lavs i the outh of gaul preceded those with the germaic
tribes,
the iitial Roma iteractio with the lavs i the outh of gaul became overshadowed
by the strules that esued,
Caesar cosidered as gaulish (i.e. Celtic) all the gaul tribes, reardless of their ethicity,so that the tribes i the outh of gaul, thouh cotaii a taible lavic substratum,
became tarished with a Celtic imprit.
I a further paper, mbrozic [4] aalyzed thirtee gaulish iscriptios, some gaulish
tribe ames ad word compouds. e fact that said iscriptios, tribe ames ad wordcompouds ca be deciphered o the basis of similarities with lavic words corms thepresece of lavic tribes or commuities i the aciet gaul.I a third book, mbrozic [5], ppedix E, i additio to the thirtee iscriptios,
 
89tribe ames ad word compouds already aalyzed i [4] provided the decipheri of the iscriptio of Plumerat ear Vaes (Brittay) still o the basis of similarities withlavic words.
grohar [6] documeted the existece i race duri the kidom of Charles the great
i the year 771 .. of the lavic topoyms PETRgOR, RTEnIC ad BIgORR,of the people of the EMOVICI, of the tow of Vaes amed aer the Veedi, ad of the tow of Brest, also amed times ao Bresta, i Brittay, which has a correspoditow Brest i Belarus.I a exteded study, eramov [7] dealt with dieret subjects, ad documetedclose gaul / lavic similarities i the lauae (cf. Table 6: 98 words; Table 7: 15 words),i the ames of the deities (cf. pp. 98-100: 21 ames), i the reliio (holy forests), i the
burial types (burial with sacriced horses, burial i uderroud woode chambers) ad i
the architecture (temples, murus allicus, roads). lthouh avoidi a precise coclusio,the paper idicates that a part of the gauls, called also Celts, was i fact a Wester lavicbrach cosisti of dieret tribes resposible for the spread of iro i Cetral adWester Europe ad ihabited ot oly Easter, but also Cetral ad Wester Europead the British Islads i the deep atiquity.
Vodopivec [8] aalyzed twety-three further gaulish, pre-Roma (pre-ati) iscriptios.
e fact, also i this case, that said iscriptios ca be deciphered by usi lavic templates
is a further cormatio of the presece of lavic commuities i the aciet gaul beforethe Roma occupatio.Kebe [9] observed that the Roma attack aaist the aciet Veeti took place at therech ulf of MORBIn. e ame of this ulf ca be explaied by the compositioof the correspodet lov. subst. MOR = sea, ad adj. VIn, betatism of BIn =
iteral, i.e. MORJE VInO = iteral sea, sea surrouded by earths. e same ame
of the lad of the Veeti: REMORIC ca be explaied by the compositio of the lov.subst. RE = lad ad MOR = sea, i.e. lad of the sea or lad ear the sea. e abovemetioed topoyms idicated that the aciet Veeti were deeply eaed o the seaad distiuished from the other gaulish tribes.I a further paper, Kebe [10] aalyzed the map draw i oval form by the paishmok Beatus i 776 .., of which the best preserved copy was draw i 1050 .. ithe moastery of t. ever (gascoe-Toulouse, race). Very iteresti i his paper isthe descriptio of the preset rech tow of t. Etiee (Terreoire), which is oticedo the map of 776 .. as CERn TEn. is ame correspods to the g. l ad lov.ČRn TEn = black rock ad refers to a local eoloical characteristic.or the sake of completeess, we have to metio that PETRgOR correspodswell to the lov. expressio PET-gOR - the ve moutais, RTEnIC to the lov.subst. RT – cleared lad ad BIgORR, i the Pyreea reio, to the g.l. subst.
gOR – moutai, or the Bask adv. gOR = up, upward [11], p. 152, also lov. gOR – up,
upwards. e orii of the EMOVICI will be dealt below. We have also to metio that
MORBIn ca be explaied also by the compositio of the correspodet Breto subst.

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