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Clasification of Bact

Clasification of Bact

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Published by Roshan Budhathoki

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Published by: Roshan Budhathoki on Sep 19, 2011
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09/19/2011

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Lesson 3: Bacteria
Page 1 of 14
Bacteria
Did you know that bacteria cause the following threats to public health?
Anthrax (
Bacillus anthracis 
 
) 
Syphillis (
Treponema pallidum 
 
)
Strep throat (
Streptococcus 
 
)
Botulism (
Clostridium botulinum 
 
)
Skin boils (
Staphyloccus 
 
)
Lesson 3: Bacteria
Page 1 of 14
 © 2004 University at Albany School of Public HealthThis page last updated 08/16/2004
 
Lesson 3: Bacteria
Page 2 of 14
Objectives of This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
Describe the general characteristics of a basic bacterium
List four ways of classifying bacteria
Gain familiarity with the infectious or disease-causing characteristics of bacteria
Recognize and name the general shapes and forms of bacteria
Explain the significance of the cell wall structures (such as the peptidoglycan) and the Gram stain
Describe the three main processes of cellular respiration and their implications on bacterial life
Describe the two main factors that influence bacterial growth
State at least one pathogenic disease associated with bacteria
Lesson 3: Bacteria
Page 2 of 14
 © 2004 University at Albany School of Public HealthThis page last updated 05/24/2004
 
Lesson 3: Bacteria
Page 3 of 14
Bacteria: The Basics
Bacteria are prokaryotic cells, the simplest of microbial cells. Inessence, they consist of cell protoplasm contained within a retainingstructure or cell envelope.
Basic Characteristics:
Prokaryotic
Simplest of all microbial cells
Single-celled organisms
Distinctive cell walls, or unique cell envelopes, which contain apeptidoglycan layer
Tiny; measured in units called micrometers (µm)
Lack a true nucleus; instead, have a region called the ‘nucleoidregion' (i.e., DNA)
DNA is free floating
May have additional DNA which is not associated with thisnucleoid region (called a plasmid)
Other Characteristics:
Rapid growth and cell division (binary fission) under favorableconditions
Mutants that arise from bacteria can become extremelyresilient organisms because bacteria can:
Grow and reproduce cells quickly
Adapt quickly to changing environments
Plasmids impart additional resistant characteristics to bacteria via cell-to-cell transfer of this extraDNA material
Capable of colonizing in almost any environment
Extremely diverse and numerous in soils or waters
Lesson 3: Bacteria
Page 3 of 14
 © 2004 University at Albany School of Public HealthThis page last updated 08/26/2004

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