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TM5 Infrastructure Final Report

TM5 Infrastructure Final Report

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Published by Team El Salvador

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Published by: Team El Salvador on Sep 19, 2011
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Team Monterey 5 Infrastructure TeamWaste Management in the Cantons of Jiquilisco, El SalvadorA Waste Management Guide
Monterey Institute of International StudiesA Graduate School of Middlebury CollegePrepared by:Karin Orr Brooke GrecoHeather BessetteScott DepiesReport Editor:Adele Negro
 
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Acknowledgements
 The Team Monterey 5 (TM5) El Salvador Infrastructure Team would like to acknowledge thesupport we received on this project. We would like to thank the Junta Directiva of AsociaciónMangle for being available to guide us and inform our work. We would especially like to thank the team in Isla de Méndez: environmental engineer and Program Coordinator Nicolas Funes, for his patience, support, and valuable insight; staff at Asociación Mangle including; ProgramDirector, Walberto Gallegos; agronomist Carlos Barahona; and park ranger and representative of the Asociación de Desarrollo Comunal Isla de Méndez (ADESCOIM), José Ofelio HerreraMartinez. They all contributed significantly to this report and strengthened our ability to carryout research while in El Salvador. We would like to thank EcoViva for providing logistical andinformational support to our delegation, which greatly enhanced our experience during our stay, particularly Chema Argueta, who was our logistics coordinator, Nathan Weller for his preliminary guidance, and our devoted drivers and guides; Mario Martinez, Cleto Marquez, andLolo. We would also like to thank our host families, who accommodated us so well. We alsowant to thank our student translator, Antonio Armendáriz, who worked tirelessly with our team.Lastly, we would like to thank Team Monterey faculty member, Adele Negro, for her consistenttranslation and interpretation work, as well as for exhibiting her strong dedication to TeamMonterey, from beginning to end. Thank you.
 
3
Executive Summary
The goal of TM5’s Infrastructure Team was to create a waste management program template for rural and protected communities within the cantons of Jiquilisco neighboring Isla de Méndez.The Infrastructure Team members were familiar with the United Nations Development Program(UNDP) handbook titled,
“A Handbook on Waste Management in Rural Tourism Areas - A ZeroWaste Approach”
,
 
which considers the full life cycle of trash in developing communities andrural tourism areas. The UNDP model of “zero-waste” focuses on the concept that bothconsumers and producers are responsible for the 3R’s of waste management: reduce, reuse,recycle. The information gathered in Isla de Méndez has helped the team adapt this UNDP wastemanagement model to fit the current situation and needs of Isla de Méndez and the larger Bay of Jiquilisco area. Our framework represents how the UNDP zero-waste methodology can be bestapplied to Isla de Méndez currently and in the future.With the help of the community members of Isla de Méndez, Program Coordinator NicolasFunes and the Junta Directiva of Asociación Mangle, the Infrastructure Team was able to gain a better understanding of the unique dynamics and circumstances of the Bajo Lempa Region. TheInfrastructure Team looked closely at the present pilot waste management project of 2011 that is being conducted in Isla de Méndez. In this report, we describe how, on the basis of our research,the leaders and community of Isla de Méndez and the surrounding areas can create a successfulwaste management program. Our recommendations define in detail the following steps of theUNDP waste management model:1.
 
Preliminary Actions: identifying needs of the community, designating primary projectleaders, establishing goals and objectives of the program, creating an approach paper,and conducting a baseline assessment.2. Understanding the Problem 3. Policy Formation4. Action Plan5. Fundraising and/or identifying resources6. Finalizing Waste Management Program: information campaign, hiring and training of  personnel, implementationThe team is confident that the local community can succeed in implementing a wastemanagement program that will better the standard of living of residents and improve the qualityof the natural habitat of the Bajo Lempa region.A final recommendation is for Team Monterey 6 to conduct a follow-up study on the currentwaste management pilot project in Isla de Méndez.

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