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Systems Analysis and Design Full Book

Systems Analysis and Design Full Book

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Published by: api-3698888 on Oct 14, 2008
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03/18/2014

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SYSTEMS ANALYSIS AND DESIGN
Contents
1
Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION TO SYSTEMS........................1
1.1 Overview......................................................................................................................1

1.1.1 Definition of System.............................................................................................1 1.1.1.1 Common types of systems.................................................................................2 1.1.1.2 Natural systems.................................................................................................2 1.1.1.3 Man-made systems............................................................................................4 1.1.1.4 Automated systems...........................................................................................5 1.1.1.5 General systems principles................................................................................6

1.1.2 Participants to system development.......................................................................6 1.1.2.1 Users.................................................................................................................7 1.1.2.2 Management...................................................................................................10 1.1.2.3 Auditors..........................................................................................................10 1.1.2.4 Systems analysts.............................................................................................10 1.1.2.5 Systems designers...........................................................................................11 1.1.2.6 Programmers...................................................................................................11 1.1.2.7 Operations personnel.......................................................................................11

1.1.3 System development Life-cycle..........................................................................12 1.1.3.1 Initial investigation.........................................................................................12 1.1.3.2 Feasibility Study.............................................................................................12 1.1.3.3 General Design...............................................................................................12 1.1.3.4 Detailed Design...............................................................................................12 1.1.3.5 Implementation...............................................................................................13 1.1.3.6 System Audit..................................................................................................13

1.2 System approach.........................................................................................................13

1.2.1 System requirements...........................................................................................14 1.2.1.1 The system's requirements:..............................................................................14 1.2.1.2 Users requirements:.........................................................................................15 1.2.1.3 Technical requirements:..................................................................................15

1.2.2 System survey.....................................................................................................16

1.2.3 Investigation Methods.........................................................................................18 1.2.3.1 Survey methods:.............................................................................................18 1.2.3.2 Observation methods:......................................................................................19 1.2.3.3 Questionnaire method:....................................................................................19

1.2.4 Survey report......................................................................................................20
1.2.5 Function analysis................................................................................................23
2
Chapter 2: SYSTEMS ANALYSIS.............................. 25

2.1 Analysis of structured system.....................................................................................25 2.1.1 Overview of system analysis...............................................................................25 2.1.2 Nature of analysis...............................................................................................26 2.1.3 Importance of analysis in system\u2019s life cycle......................................................27 2.1.4 Role and requirement of system analysts.............................................................28 2.1.5 Popular methods of system analysis....................................................................28 2.1.6 Tools supporting analysis: Functioning diagram, data flow diagram

and relationship diagram... ..................................................................................29 2.1.6.1 Functional diagram (FD):................................................................................29 2.1.6.2 Data flow diagram: describe the information flow in the system......................31 2.1.6.3 Entity relationship diagram (ERD)..................................................................40

2.2 Information analysis, data model................................................................................45 2.2.1 Requirements of data approach...........................................................................45 2.2.2 Data model and its main components..................................................................45 2.2.3 Data model development.....................................................................................47

2.2.3.1 Defining entity types.......................................................................................47
2.2.3.2 Identifying relationship...................................................................................48

2.2.4 The advanced data modeling...............................................................................48 2.2.4.1 Optional relationship.......................................................................................48 2.2.4.2 Abstract entity.................................................................................................48 2.2.4.3 Recursive relationship.....................................................................................49

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