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There are six social classes
described by Warners: Upper-
upper class, Lower-upper
class, Upper-middle class,
Lower-middle class, Upper
lower class, Lower-lower class.
Within any society, people rank one another in a vertical arrangement of
hierarchy \u2013 the differentiates them as superior of inferior, higher or lower.
We refer to this process as social stratification. The popular use of the
terms\u2013 lower class, middle class, upper class- indicates an awareness of
the existence of class differentiations.
Stratification implies a division into social levels or layers. A social
class consists of individuals or groups having somewhat similar
social status; that is, they occupy the same level in the prestige
structure of their society.
Social stratification is an institutionalized system of social inequality
in a community or society that ranks individuals and groups in
categories or state according to their share of scarce and desirable
resources such as wealth, prestige and power. A social stratum is a
category of people with similar amounts of wealth, prestige, and
power and similar life chances and ways of life. They tend to
recognize one another as equals and those in other categories as
superior or inferior. One\u2019s life chances- opportunities for long life,
health, education, safety, self-determination, and dignity- are directly
The movement of people from one social position to another
is referred to as social mobility. The term vertical mobility refers to changes
in position that do not alter a person\u2019s status, as when an oil company
executive becomes the secretary of transportation.
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