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Agile File

Agile File

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\u00a9 DSDM Consortium 2000
Using DSDM with PRINCE2
Table of Contents
1
INTRODUCTION..............................................................................................................................2
1.1 AUDIENCE........................................................................................................................................3
1.2 CONTRIBUTORS................................................................................................................................3
2
PRINCE2 AND DSDM COMPARISON.........................................................................................4
2.1 PHILOSOPHY.....................................................................................................................................4
2.1.1
PRINCE2...............................................................................................................................4
2.1.2
DSDM....................................................................................................................................4
2.2 POSITIONING....................................................................................................................................5
3
ISSUES AND GUIDELINES FOR OVERLAPPING AREAS.......................................................6
3.1 PROJECTSTRUCTURE.......................................................................................................................6
3.1.1
Starting..................................................................................................................................6
3.1.2
Running..................................................................................................................................7
3.1.3
Stopping.................................................................................................................................7
3.1.4
Scenarios...............................................................................................................................7
3.2 ROLES ANDRESPONSIBILITIES..........................................................................................................9
3.2.1
Project Board........................................................................................................................9
3.2.2
Executive................................................................................................................................9
3.2.3
Senior User..........................................................................................................................10
3.2.4
Senior Supplier....................................................................................................................11
3.2.5
Project Manager (PM).........................................................................................................11
3.2.6
Team Manager.....................................................................................................................11
3.2.7
Project Support....................................................................................................................11
3.2.8
Project Assurance................................................................................................................12
3.3 PRODUCTS......................................................................................................................................12
3.3.1
Project Initiation Document................................................................................................13
3.3.2
Feasibility Report................................................................................................................14
3.3.3
Outline Plan.........................................................................................................................14
3.3.4
Business Area Definition (including Prioritised Requirements List)...................................14
3.3.5
Outline Prototyping Plan, PID, and Stage Plan..................................................................14
3.3.6
Implementation Strategy......................................................................................................15
3.3.7
Development Risk Analysis Report......................................................................................15
3.3.8
Project Review Document....................................................................................................15
3.3.9
The Quality Log and Prototype Review Records.................................................................15
3.4 MANAGEMENT ANDCONTROL.......................................................................................................15
3.4.1
Purpose................................................................................................................................15
3.4.2
Controls in a PRINCE2 Project...........................................................................................16
3.4.3
Controls in a DSDM project under PRINCE2.....................................................................16

3.5 TOLERANCE ANDEMPOWERMENT.................................................................................................17 3.6 CHANGEMANAGEMENT.................................................................................................................18 3.7 QUALITY........................................................................................................................................18 3.8 RISK...............................................................................................................................................19

4
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS...............................................................................................20
\u00a9DSDM Consortium 2000
Page 2
1 Introduction

Today\u2019s business environment demands shorter time to market for new products and services along with early benefit realisation. Projects are often undertaken on a collaborative basis and commence without a detailed understanding of the requirements. In this commercial environment it is no surprise that the use of DSDM, as the publicly available best practice method for Rapid Application Development, is showing significant increase.

PRINCE2 (Projects in Controlled Environments)i similarly provides non-proprietary best practice. It is a project management method that was specifically designed to be generic and independent of any particular project type or development method. As with DSDM, its use is dramatically on the increase in both the public and private sectors.

As a development method and a project management method, the two should be complementary. Some have perceived thedynam ic emphasis of DSDM and thecon trol emphasis of PRINCE2 to be in conflict. However, this is not the case. When DSDM was being developed, those involved had PRINCE firmly in mind. This is reflected in a number of the DSDM principles and techniques \u2013 for example, product-based planning, the involved partnership of users and developers, and the strong emphasis on the underlying business case.

Care is needed, however, in using the two methods together. Those who have used PRINCE2 to control their DSDM projects have found that an unheeding approach - applying the method straight from the manual - can lead to duplication, overlap and conflict. Figure 1 highlights the elements of both methods that overlap or are specific to each.

Figure 1. PRINCE2 and DSDM Positioning
Quality
Outputs
Controls
Flexibility/Change
Project Structure
Organisation
Project Management
Method
Development
Method
Stages
Increments
Iterations
Project Board
& Assurance
User &
Technical Roles
Product Based
Planning
Management
Products
Specialist
Products
Tolerance
Scope
Time, Cost
Issue
Management
Product Descriptions
& Reviews
PRINCE2
DSDM
Project
Manager
Quality
Products
Lifecycle
Testing
Quality
Plan
Timeboxes
Risk
\u00a9DSDM Consortium 2000
Page 3

Figure 1 makes clear that DSDM itself includes some project management content. It was consciously designed to provide just sufficient capability to allow effective management of DSDM projects. However, it is recognised that some businesses may choose to use a PRINCE2 framework to manage all their projects, including those using DSDM. This White Paper shows how the careful and tailored application of DSDM and PRINCE2 can create a synergy that results in a dynamic and controlled successful project outcome. It provides a summary of the common features of both methods and an analysis of those areas where conscious decisions appropriate to each project and each organisation will have to be made.

1.1 Audience

This White Paper is primarily aimed at project managers. For them, it provides clear and concise information and guidance on the specific areas of each method that will require tailoring to their project/organisation characteristics.

The emphasis is on practical guidance, assisting project managers to make appropriate
decisions with the following objectives:
\u2022
to avoid overlap and streamline the use of both methods
\u2022
to eliminate duplication of effort and any unnecessary paperwork
\u2022
to ensure effective controls on a project where change is expected
Others who will benefit from this White Paper are:
\u2022
methods and process consultants, tasked with the successful adoption of either or
both methods into their organisation.
\u2022

senior management and members of the Project Board who need to understand how their responsibilities and the controls of PRINCE2 are adapted to remain effective in the \u201cempowered\u201d environment of a DSDM project

1.2 Contributors
This paper has been produced from contributions made by members of the DSDM with
PRINCE2 Task Group. The members of the task group are:
Mike Griffiths
Independent Consultant
David Harrison
Ordnance Survey
Mark Hartell
FI Group
George Hay
CMG UK Limited (Task Group Chair)
Amanda Kent
DHL Systems
Steve Messenger
Napp Pharmaceutical Holdings Ltd.

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