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10.3 - Polygenic Inheritance

10.3 - Polygenic Inheritance

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Published by IBscrewed4ib

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Published by: IBscrewed4ib on Sep 20, 2011
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11/12/2013

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 http://ibscrewed4biology.blogspot.com/ 
10.3 - Polygenic Inheritance
10.3.1 - Define polygenic inheritance
Inheritance of phenotypic characters (such as height, eye colour in humans) that aredetermined by the collective effects of several genes.
A single characteristic that iscontrolled by two or more genes.
 
10.3.2 - Explain that polygenic inheritance can contribute to continuous variation usingtwo examples, one of which must be human skin colour
Since a single characteristic may be influenced by more than one gene, it may exhibitcontinuous variation within a population. These genes are collectively called
polygenes
.Each allele of a polygenic character often contributes only a small amount to the overallphenotype, making study of individual alleles difficult. Phenotypic variation is the result of genotypic variation coupled with environmental variation. Environmental effects smoothout the genotypic variation, giving continuous distribution curves.
Skin Colour 
Skin colour is actually determined by more than two genes. However, this example showsonly two. It is represented by nine possible genotypes, which form five phenotypes.There are two genes, each with two alleles that control the amount of melaninA and B code to add melanina and b code for no added melanin
 
White Light Medium Dark Black
aabb Aabb AAbb AaBB AABBaaBb AaBb AABbaaBB

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