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Japanese Empire

Japanese Empire

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Published by: api-3699310 on Oct 14, 2008
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Japanese empire:
\ue000According to the myth, the first emperor was Jimmu Tenno.
\ue000They believed that having one line of emperors make Japan different from other
\ue000He conquered his rival clans in the plain of Kyushu and Honshu and established a
state in Yamato plain
Yamato Period
\ue000Established circa 300 \u2013 720 C.E.
\ue000Often changing capitals
Instead of renovating the emperor\u2019s palace, they build a more modern palace
and place there their capital.
\ue000From 500 \u2013 800 A.D., Japan sent people to China.

- They brought new ideas and customs of the Chinese people. These set of
reforms are called Taika.
- Ideas are the Chinese writing system, model of government, Buddhism,
Confucianism, law, food, architecture, style of dress and ideas of art and life.

\ue000In A.D. 645, a new emperor make great changes.
The emperor now began controlling land and taxes. And a new code of laws
gave greater power to the emperor.
Nara Period

\ue000Established 710 \u2013 794 C.E
\ue000In 710 C.E., they have their first permanent city and named Nara.
\ue000Nara was modeled after the Chang An, capital of the Tang Dynasty in China. They

had palace for emperor, several Buddhist temples and monasteries.
Heian Period
\ue000In 794 C.E., a new capital was built in Heian (present day \u2013 Kyoto).
\ue000 Heian culture has revealed the elegant writing of poems, meticulous preparation

of clothes and art of calligraphy.
A fine example of this aristocratic culture is the great novel, The Tale of Genji,
written by Murasaki Shikibu or Lady Murusaki.

\ue000Towards the end of the Heian period, wars among Daimyo (feudal lords) created

their own private army composed of warriors and samurai. A military tradition
known as \u201cBushido\u201d or \u201cCode of Honor\u201d. Loyalty, honor and courage are among
the important qualities of a samurai. They also practice \u201cseppuku\u201d or \u201charakiri\u201d.

\ue000After the fall of the Heian period, three shogunate ruled Japan. The three
shogunate are Minamoto, Ashikaga and Tokugawa.
Minamoto Period
\ue000First Shogunate of Japan
\ue000Established 1185 and ended 1333 C.E.
\ue000A new city was built as the center of the military government and named
\ue0001274 and 1281, Mongols invaded Japan but they failed.
\ue000They believed that Kami or spirits sent those typhoons for their protection to the
\ue000They called typhoons \u201ckamikaze\u201d or divine wind.
\ue000They improved the\u2026
- Trade with other countries
- Status of Japanese women
\ue000Money is one of the reasons why Minamoto period ended.
Tokugawa Shogunate

\ue000Established 1600 \u2013 1868, headed by Tokugawa Ieyasu.
\ue000Established their capital in \u201cEdo\u201d (Tokyo in present-day)
\ue000He restricted ownership of sword to the samurais only and surrender swords of


3 types of Daimyos
1. Fudai Daimyo \u2013 member clan
2. Shimpan Daimto - related clan
3. Tozama Daimyo \u2013 outside clan

- former enemy vassals who surrendered and where subjected to restrictions.
Daimyo\u2019s responsibility:
\ue000They could not construct or repair their castles without the permission of the
\ue000They also need to maintain two residences: one in Edo and the land given by to
\ue000They need to perform \u201csankin kotai\u201d (visit to Edo)

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