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11iconcepts

11iconcepts

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O ra c le \u00ae A p p lic a tio n s
C o n c e p ts
R e le a s e 1 1i (1 1 .5 .1 0 .2 )
P a rt N o . B 1 9 2 9 5 -0 2
J a n u a ry 2 0 0 6
O ra c le A p p lic a tio n s C o n c e p ts , R e le a s e 1 1i (1 1 .5 .1 0 .2 )
PartN o. B19295-02
C opyright\u00a9 2000,2006,O racle. A llrights reserved.
P rim a ry A u th o r:
R o b e rt F a rrin g to n
C o n trib u tin g A u th o r:
S a rita B ra h m a n d a m , S te v e n C h a n , Iv o D u jm o v ic , H e n rie tte F u x , D e y u H u , M ik e M a s t,
E m ily N o rd h a g e n , L y n P ra tt
C o n trib u to r:
R o b e rt A z z o p a rd i, N a d ia B e n d je d o u , M ich a e l B e rn ste in , E ric B in g , A n n e C a rlso n , S u b a sh

C h a d a la v a d a , C h ris tin a C la rk , C a ro le E u b a n k s , E ric F ic h e t, M ic h a e l F io re , R ic G in s b e rg , C liff G o d w in , B ra d G o o d w in , W illia m G re e n e , Jo h n H e im a n n , Je ff L u n n , S te v e M a y z e , K .R . N a ra y a n a n , K e n t N o b le , M la d e n a N o v a k o v ic , L is a P a re k h , A n d re w R is t, Jo a n R y a n , G re g S e id e n , Y u n S h a w , L e s lie S tu d d a rd , K e ith M . S w a rtz , M ildred W ang

T h e P ro g ra m s (w h ic h in c lu d e b o th th e so ftw a re a n d d o c u m e n ta tio n ) c o n ta in p ro p rie ta ry in fo rm a tio n ; th e y are provided under a license agreem entcontaining restrictions on use and disclosure and are also protected b y c o p y rig h t, p a te n t, a n d o th e r in te lle c tu a l a n d in d u s tria l p ro p e rty la w s . R e v e rs e e n g in e e rin g , d is a s s e m b ly , o r d e c o m p ila tio n o f th e P ro g ra m s , e x c e p t to th e e x te n t re q u ire d to o b ta in in te ro p e ra b ility w ith o th e r

in d e p e n d e n tly c re a te d s o ftw a re o r a s s p e c i\ufb01 e d b y la w , is p ro h ib ite d .
T h e in fo rm a tio n c o n ta in e d in th is d o c u m e n t is s u b je c t to c h a n g e w ith o u t n o tic e . If y o u \ufb01 n d a n y p ro b le m s
in th e d o c u m e n ta tio n , p le a s e re p o rt th e m to u s in w ritin g . T h is d o c u m e n t is n o t w a rra n te d to b e e rro r-fre e .
Exceptas m ay be expressly perm itted in yourlicense agreem entforthese Program s,no partofthese Program s
m ay be reproduced or transm itted in any form or by any m eans,electronic or m echanical,for any purpose.
If th e P ro g ra m s a re d e liv e re d to th e U n ite d S ta te s G o v e rn m e n t o r a n y o n e lic e n s in g o r u s in g th e P ro g ra m s o n
b e h a lf o f th e U n ite d S ta te s G o v e rn m e n t, th e fo llo w in g n o tic e is a p p lic a b le :
U .S . G O V E R N M E N T R IG H T S
Program s,softw are,databases,and related docum entation and technicaldata delivered to U .S.G overnm ent
custom ers are "com m ercialcom puter softw are" or "com m ercialtechnicaldata" pursuantto the applicable
F e d e ra l A c q u is itio n R e g u la tio n a n d a g e n c y -s p e c i\ufb01 c s u p p le m e n ta l re g u la tio n s . A s s u c h , u s e , d u p lic a tio n ,

d is c lo s u re , m o d i\ufb01 c a tio n , a n d a d a p ta tio n o f th e P ro g ra m s , in c lu d in g d o c u m e n ta tio n a n d te c h n ic a l d a ta , s h a ll b e s u b je c t to th e lic e n s in g re s tric tio n s s e t fo rth in th e a p p lic a b le O ra c le lic e n s e a g re e m e n t, a n d , to th e e x te n t a p p lic a b le , th e a d d itio n a l rig h ts s e t fo rth in F A R 5 2 .2 2 7 -1 9 , C o m m e rc ia l C o m p u te r S o ftw a re \u2013 R e s tric te d R ig h ts (June 1987). O racle C orporation,500 O racle Parkw ay,R edw ood C ity,C A 94065.

T h e P ro g ra m s a re n o t in te n d e d fo r u s e in a n y n u c le a r, a v ia tio n , m a s s tra n s it, m e d ic a l, o r o th e r in h e re n tly
d a n g e ro u s a p p lic a tio n s . It s h a ll b e th e lic e n s e e 's re s p o n s ib ility to ta k e a ll a p p ro p ria te fa il-s a fe , b a c k u p ,
re d u n d a n cy a n d o th e r m e a su re s to e n su re th e sa fe u se o f su ch a p p lica tio n s if th e P ro g ra m s a re u se d fo r su ch
p u rp o s e s , a n d w e d is c la im lia b ility fo r a n y d a m a g e s c a u s e d b y s u c h u s e o f th e P ro g ra m s .
TheProgram sm ay providelinksto W ebsitesand accessto content,products,and servicesfrom third parties.

O ra c le is n o t re s p o n s ib le fo r th e a v a ila b ility o f, o r a n y c o n te n t p ro v id e d o n , th ird -p a rty W e b s ite s . Y o u b e a r allrisksassociated w ith theuseofsuch content.Ifyou chooseto purchaseany productsorservicesfrom a th ird p a rty , th e re la tio n s h ip is d ire c tly b e tw e e n y o u a n d th e th ird p a rty . O ra c le is n o t re s p o n s ib le fo r: (a ) th e q u a lity o f th ird -p a rty p ro d u c ts o r se rv ic e s; o r (b ) fu l\ufb01 llin g a n y o f th e te rm s o f th e a g re e m e n t w ith th e th ird party,including delivery ofproducts orservices and w arranty obligations related to purchased products or

s e rv ic e s . O ra c le is n o t re s p o n s ib le fo r a n y lo s s o r d a m a g e o f a n y s o rt th a t y o u m a y in c u r fro m d e a lin g w ith a n y
third p arty.
O ra c le , JD E d w a rd s, a n d P e o p le S o ft a re re g iste re d tra d e m a rk s o f O ra c le C o rp o ra tio n a n d /o r its a f\ufb01 lia te s. O th e r
nam es m ay be tradem arks oftheir respective ow ners.
C o n te n ts
S e n d U s Y o u r C o m m e n ts
P re fa c e
1
A p p lic a tio n s A rc h ite c tu re
In tro d u ctio n. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -1
T h e D e s k to p T ie r. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -2
F o rm s C lie n t A p p le t. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -4
O racle JIn itiato r. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -4
T h e A p p lic a tio n T ie r. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -4
W eb Server. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -5
F o rm s S e rv e r. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -7
R e p o rts S e rv e r. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -1 0
D iscovererServer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -1 1
C o n cu rre n t P ro ce ssin g S e rv e r. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -1 2
A d m in S e rv e r. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -1 8
D a ily B u s in e s s In te llig e n c e (D B I). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -1 8
T h e D a ta b a s e T ie r. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -1 9
T h e O ra c le A p p lic a tio n s T e c h n o lo g y L a y e r. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -2 0
O ra c le A p p lic a tio n s D B A (A D ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -2 0
O racle C om m on M odules (A K ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -2 0
O ra cle A p p lica tio n s U tilitie s (A U ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -2 1
O racle A pplication O bjectLibrary (FN D ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -2 1
O ra cle W o rk \ufb02 o w (O W F ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -2 3
O racle A lert (A L R ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -2 4
O ra c le X M L P u b lis h e r (X D O ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 -2 4
2
A p p lic a tio n s F ile S y s te m
In tro d u ctio n. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 -1
T h e D A T A D ire cto ry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 -2
D B an d O R A D irecto ries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 -2
T he C O M N D irectory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 -3
T h e A P P L D ire cto ry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 -4
P ro d u ct D ire cto rie s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 -5
L a n g u a g e F ile s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 -9
iii

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