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Oral Practice

Oral Practice



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Published by: api-26685827 on Oct 14, 2008
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 Year Two E.L.T Methodology # 4 (part 1)
- techniques and materials designed to give studentspractice in specific items or areas of language.
Practice activities are those which fall somewhere between the twoextremes of the communication continuum:
Oral practice – ways of getting students to practice oral English
1.Oral drills2.Information gap activities3.Games4.Personalisation and Localisation5.Oral interactions
I.Oral drills
Cue-response drills
Cues are words, photos, pictures, flashcards or mimed actions . The teacher indicates what he wishes the students to say.For example, practicing Present Continuous structure: Teacher: read … (nominates S1)S1: I am reading now. T: watch TV … (nominates S2)S2: I am watching TV now.
(four)-phase drills e.g. Q-A-Q-A
 There are (four) stages or phases. You can also have a six- or eight- phasedrills – or any number. Four seems to be the most useable.Encourage students to ask a question and on the basis of the answerfollow it up with another question, e.g:A: Is John British?B: No, he isn’t.A: Where’s he from, then?B: He’s American.
Mixed question and answer drills
 (in the following example the teacher works with the whole class whosee the following wall picture:In this particular example, the teacher will elicit the following questions:
What’s his/her name?
Where’s he/ she from?
What’s his/her job?
What does he/she do?
How old is he/she? Teacher: Ok. Ask me about Pierre’s age.
S1: How old is Pierre? T: Answer...S2: 39
Chain drills
  This is a way of practicing a particular structure over and over againin the context of either a game and/or a personal element. The teacher chooses the structure and says e.g. “I am going to watch TVtonight.” The nominated student has to say:“He is going to watch TV tonight. I am going to read a book tonight” The next student has to remember the first two speakers’ plans and thenadd his or her own. Lots of structures can be used for this kind of drill, forexample
like DOING, I’ve always wanted to DO, I’ve never DONE, at seventhirty last night I was DOING
etc. Chain drills are an amusing way of getting quick and involving practice of a particular structure, and if thememory element is added they can be made into a game.
Group drills – card games
In this kind of drill students work with a specially prepared set of cards/flashcards/photos. The cards may show different activities takingplace. Students are put in groups of three or four and are given a set of cards. The cards are either put in front of the students, face down, or aredealt among students, depending on the type of activity. Students take itin turns, pick a card and have to ask another student a question about theactivity on the card. (seefishy stories) This is a simple cue-response drill, but the students are conductingthe drill themselves rather than being controlled by the teacher. Therandom selection of the cards makes the drill enjoyable and quitechallenging, and the use of groupwork means that the students get achance to participate in a co-operative and friendly way.

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