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GA_KT DO LUONG_LQHuy_C4_So Do Cau Truc Cua Thiet Bi Do

GA_KT DO LUONG_LQHuy_C4_So Do Cau Truc Cua Thiet Bi Do

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Published by: api-3700604 on Oct 14, 2008
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05/09/2014

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GI\u00c1O \u00c1N_K\u1ef8 THU\u1eacT\u0110O L\u01af\u1edcNG
CH\u01af\u01a0NG 4: S\u01a0 \u0110\u1ed2 C\u1ea4U TR\u00daC C\u1ee6A THI\u1ebeT B\u1eca\u0110O
GV: L\u00ea Qu\u1ed1c Huy_B\u1ed9 m\u00f4n T\u0110-\u0110L_Khoa\u0110i\u1ec7n
1
C
CH
H\u01af
\u01af\u01a0
\u01a0N
NG
G4
4.
.
S
S\u01a0
\u01a0\u0110
\u0110\u1ed2
\u1ed2C
C\u1ea4
\u1ea4U
UT
TR
R\u00da
\u00daC
CC
C\u1ee6
\u1ee6A
AT
TH
HI
I\u1ebe
\u1ebeT
TB
B\u1eca
\u1eca\u0110
\u0110O
O(
(2
2T
TI
I\u1ebe
\u1ebeT
T)
)
4.1. C\u00e1c s\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 chung.

D\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o l\u01b0\u1eddng\u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t l\u00e0 d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o l\u01b0\u1eddng\u0111i\u1ec7n ng\u00e0y nay r\u1ea5t\u0111a d\u1ea1ng t\u00f9y theo m\u1ee5c\u0111\u00edch, ph\u1ea1m vi s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng v\u00e0 y\u00eau c\u1ea7u c\u1ee5 th\u1ec3 c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c\u1ee9ng d\u1ee5ng kh\u00e1c nhau. C\u00f3 nhi\u1ec1u lo\u1ea1i d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ph\u00e2n lo\u1ea1i theo nhi\u1ec1u c\u00e1ch kh\u00e1c nhau: d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o ki\u1ec3u bi\u1ebfn\u0111\u1ed5i th\u1eb3ng, ki\u1ec3u bi\u1ebfn\u0111\u1ed5i b\u00f9; d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o ki\u1ec3u\u0111\u00e1nh gi\u00e1 tr\u1ef1c ti\u1ebfp, ki\u1ec3u so s\u00e1nh; d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o t\u01b0\u01a1ng t\u1ef1, ch\u1ec9 th\u1ecb s\u1ed1\u2026C\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5 n\u00e0y m\u1eb7c d\u00f9\u0111a d\u1ea1ng nh\u01b0ng c\u00f3 nh\u1eefng\u0111\u1eb7c t\u00ednh c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n v\u00e0 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac chung th\u1ed1ng nh\u1ea5t.

4.1.1. S\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac chung c\u1ee7a d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o.
M\u1ed7i d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n c\u00f3 3 b\u1ed9 ph\u1eadn ch\u00ednh l\u00e0:
- Chuy\u1ec3n\u0111\u1ed5i s\u01a1 c\u1ea5p (C\u0110SC).
- M\u1ea1ch\u0111o (M\u0110).
- C\u01a1 c\u1ea5u ch\u1ec9 th\u1ecb (CCCT).
H\u00ecnh 4.1. C\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n c\u1ee7a d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o.
C\u1ea5u tr\u00fac chung c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t c\u1ea3m bi\u1ebfn th\u00f4ng minh (Smart Sensor):
4.1.2. S\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o bi\u1ebfn\u0111\u1ed5i th\u1eb3ng.
\u0110\u1ed1i v\u1edbi d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5 \u0111o bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i th\u1eb3ng vi\u1ec7c bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i th\u00f4ng tin ch\u1ec9di\u1ec5n ra theo m\u1ed9t
h\u01b0\u1edbng th\u1eb3ng duy nh\u1ea5t, ngh\u0129a l\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 kh\u00e2u ph\u1ea3n h\u1ed3i.
H\u00ecnh 4.2. S\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o bi\u1ebfn\u0111\u1ed5i th\u1eb3ng.
\u0110\u1ea1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng \u0111o X n\u1ed1i ti\u1ebfp qua c\u00e1c kh\u00e2u chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed5i: chuy\u1ec3n \u0111\u1ed5i s\u01a1c\u1ea5p C\u0110SC,
Chuy\u1ec3n
\u0111\u1ed5i D/A
4\u0111\u1ebfn 20 mA
Chuy\u1ec3n\u0111\u1ed5i
chu\u1ea9n ho\u00e1
B\u1ed9 vi x\u1eed
l\u00fd \u00b5P
Hi\u1ec3n th\u1ecb v\u00e0
\u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n
Fieldbus
Interface
\u0110\u1ed1i
t\u01b0\u1ee3ng
\u0111o
C\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a c\u1ea3m bi\u1ebfn th\u00f4ng minh
Fieldbus
C\u1ea3m bi\u1ebfn
s\u01a1 c\u1ea5p
GI\u00c1O \u00c1N_K\u1ef8 THU\u1eacT\u0110O L\u01af\u1edcNG
CH\u01af\u01a0NG 4: S\u01a0 \u0110\u1ed2 C\u1ea4U TR\u00daC C\u1ee6A THI\u1ebeT B\u1eca\u0110O
GV: L\u00ea Qu\u1ed1c Huy_B\u1ed9 m\u00f4n T\u0110-\u0110L_Khoa\u0110i\u1ec7n
2
C\u01101, C\u01102\u2026\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c chuy\u1ec3n th\u00e0nh\u0111\u1ea1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng Y ti\u1ec7n cho vi\u1ec7c quan s\u00e1t, ghi l\u1ea1i hay nh\u1edb
\u0111\u1ec3truy\u1ec1n cho cho c\u1ea5u ch\u1ec9th\u1ecb CCCT th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n ch\u1ee9c n\u0103ng ch\u1ec9th\u1ecbk\u1ebft qu\u1ea3ho\u1eb7c truy\u1ec1n
\u0111i xa.

C\u00e1c kh\u00e2u C\u01101, C\u01102, \u2026, C\u0110n l\u00e0m nhi\u1ec7m v\u1ee5 x\u1eed l\u00fd th\u00f4ng tin\u0111o \u0111\u1ec3 \u0111\u01b0a v\u1ec1 d\u1ea1ng d\u1ec5 ch\u1ec9 th\u1ecb, th\u01b0\u1eddng l\u00e0 c\u00e1c kh\u00e2u: ph\u00e2n \u00e1p\u0111\u1ea7u v\u00e0o, m\u1ea1ch khu\u1ebfch\u0111\u1ea1i, bi\u1ebfn\u0111\u1ed5i t\u01b0\u01a1ng t\u1ef1-s\u1ed1 AD\u2026

- \u0110\u1eb7c \u0111i\u1ec3m chung c\u1ee7ad\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5 \u0111o bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i th\u1eb3ng:

\ue000C\u1ea5u tr\u00fac\u0111\u01a1n gi\u1ea3n, tin c\u1eady.
\ue000 Gi\u00e1 th\u00e0nh r\u1ebb.
\ue000 V\u1eadn h\u00e0nh, b\u1ea3o tr\u00ec, b\u1ea3o d\u01b0\u1ee1ng\u0111\u01a1n gi\u1ea3n v\u00e0 ch\u00ed ph\u00ed th\u1ea5p.
\ue000Kh\u00f4ng\u0111\u00f2i h\u1ecfi tay ngh\u1ec1 cao.
\ue000 \u0110\u1ed9 ch\u00ednh x\u00e1c th\u1ea5p (th\u01b0\u1eddng c\u00f3 c\u1ea5p ch\u00ednh x\u00e1c c\u1ee1 1 \u00f7 2,5).

V\u00ed d\u1ee5:
- S\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o t\u01b0\u01a1ng t\u1ef1 theo ki\u1ec3u bi\u1ebfn\u0111\u1ed5i th\u1eb3ng: h\u00ecnh 4.3.
- S\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o s\u1ed1 theo ki\u1ec3u bi\u1ebfn\u0111\u1ed5i th\u1eb3ng: h\u00ecnh 4.4.

H\u00ecnh 4.3. S\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o t\u01b0\u01a1ng t\u1ef1 theo ki\u1ec3u bi\u1ebfn\u0111\u1ed5i th\u1eb3ng.
H\u00ecnh 4.4. S\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o s\u1ed1 theo ki\u1ec3u bi\u1ebfn\u0111\u1ed5i th\u1eb3ng.
4.1.3. S\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o ki\u1ec3u so s\u00e1nh.
D\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o ki\u1ec3u so s\u00e1nh s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng kh\u00e2u ph\u1ea3n h\u1ed3i v\u1edbi c\u00e1c chuy\u1ec3n\u0111\u1ed5i ng\u01b0\u1ee3c (C\u0110N)
\u0111\u1ec3t\u1ea1o ra t\u00edn hi\u1ec7uXk so s\u00e1nh v\u1edbi t\u00edn hi\u1ec7u c\u1ea7n\u0111o X. M\u1ea1ch\u0111o l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t v\u00f2ng kh\u00e9p k\u00edn.
\ue000 Sau b\u1ed9 so s\u00e1nh c\u00f3\u2206X = X - XK,\u0111o\u2206X ho\u1eb7c\u0111o c\u00e1c t\u00edn hi\u1ec7u sau c\u00e1c chuy\u1ec3n
\u0111\u1ed5i thu\u1eadn Y c\u00f3 th\u1ec3x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c X. Theo ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p so s\u00e1nh c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 c\u00f3 4
lo\u1ea1i t\u01b0\u01a1ng\u1ee9ng l\u00e0 so s\u00e1nh c\u00e2n b\u1eb1ng, kh\u00f4ng c\u00e2n b\u1eb1ng; so s\u00e1nh\u0111\u1ed3ng th\u1eddi, kh\u00f4ng
\u0111\u1ed3ng th\u1eddi.
- \u0110\u1eb7c \u0111i\u1ec3mc\u1ee7ad\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5 \u0111o ki\u1ec3u so s\u00e1nh:

\ue000 C\u00f3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p h\u01a1n so v\u1edbi d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o bi\u1ebfn\u0111\u1ed5i th\u1eb3ng.
\ue000 Hi\u1ec7n nay th\u01b0\u1eddng d\u00f9ng vi x\u1eed l\u00ed b\u00ean trong.
\ue000\u0110\u1ed9 ch\u00ednh x\u00e1c cao v\u00e0 gi\u00e1 th\u00e0nh \u0111\u1eaft.

GI\u00c1O \u00c1N_K\u1ef8 THU\u1eacT\u0110O L\u01af\u1edcNG
CH\u01af\u01a0NG 4: S\u01a0 \u0110\u1ed2 C\u1ea4U TR\u00daC C\u1ee6A THI\u1ebeT B\u1eca\u0110O
GV: L\u00ea Qu\u1ed1c Huy_B\u1ed9 m\u00f4n T\u0110-\u0110L_Khoa\u0110i\u1ec7n
3
H\u00ecnh 4.5. S\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o ki\u1ec3u so s\u00e1nh.

V\u00ed d\u1ee5:
- S\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o ki\u1ec3u so s\u00e1nh kh\u00f4ng c\u00e2n b\u1eb1ng: h\u00ecnh 4.6.
- S\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o ki\u1ec3u so s\u00e1nh c\u00e2n b\u1eb1ng: h\u00ecnh 4.7.

- S\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o ki\u1ec3u so s\u00e1nh \u0111\u1ec3 \u0111o c\u00e1c\u0111\u1ea1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng kh\u00f4ng\u0111i\u1ec7n: h\u00ecnh
4.8.
H\u00ecnh 4.6. S\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o ki\u1ec3u so s\u00e1nh
kh\u00f4ng c\u00e2n b\u1eb1ng.
H\u00ecnh 4.7. S\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o ki\u1ec3u so
s\u00e1nh c\u00e2n b\u1eb1ng.
H\u00ecnh 4.8. S\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o ki\u1ec3u so s\u00e1nh \u0111\u1ec3 \u0111o c\u00e1c\u0111\u1ea1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng kh\u00f4ng\u0111i\u1ec7n.
4.2. C\u00e1c kh\u00e2u ch\u1ee9c n\u0103ng c\u1ee7a thi\u1ebft b\u1ecb\u0111o.

-Chuy\u1ec3n\u0111\u1ed5i s\u01a1 c\u1ea5p (C\u0110SC): th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n ch\u1ee9c n\u0103ng bi\u1ebfn\u0111\u1ed5i c\u00e1c\u0111\u1ea1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng\u0111o th\u00e0nh t\u00edn hi\u1ec7u\u0111i\u1ec7n. L\u00e0 kh\u00e2u quan tr\u1ecdng nh\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t thi\u1ebft b\u1ecb\u0111o, quy\u1ebft\u0111\u1ecbnh\u0111\u1ed9 ch\u00ednh x\u00e1c c\u0169ng nh\u01b0 \u0111\u1ed9 nh\u1ea1y c\u1ee7a d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5\u0111o. C\u00f3 nhi\u1ec1u lo\u1ea1i chuy\u1ec3n\u0111\u1ed5i s\u01a1 c\u1ea5p kh\u00e1c nhau t\u00f9y thu\u1ed9c\u0111\u1ea1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng\u0111o v\u00e0\u0111\u1ea1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng\u0111\u1ea7u ra c\u1ee7a chuy\u1ec3n\u0111\u1ed5i.

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