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phontest

phontest

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Phonetics and Phonology Test
A
1. Transcription
My dialect of English isq rhoticq non-rhotic
qRP-based
q\u201cGen Am\u201d-based
Transcribe the following text, the opening sentence of Tom Robbins\u2019 novelAnother Roadside
Attraction.
The
magician's
underwear
has just been
found
in a
card
board
suitcase
floating
in a
stagnant
pond
on the outskirts of
Miami.
2. Describing Speech Sounds
A) Identify the sound that does not fit into the string and explain why.
NB:The length marks for vowels are not given, but we assume that all the sounds
represented here are RP.
Speech sounds
Explanation
Q
i
@
V
m T
p
b
I
i
U
@
aI eI I@ OI
l
d
n
r
?
t
g
4
h
x
Z
f
g
N
x
n
z
Z
f
D
i
O
{
u
____/20
____/20
Total:__________/100
B) Transcribe the words in the table below and describe the underlined speech sound.
normal
script
transcription
description of the underlined speech sound

beech
calm
log

weather
houses
3. Formulating Phonological Rules

In the words for kitchen [kEgIn], cottage[bUTIn], house[ti:], village[pEntrE],
valley[d@frIn] and Wales[k@mri:] the word-initial sounds change when they occur in
connection with the word[@n] meaning \u201cmy\u201d. With the following table,
a) give the English translations,
b) describe the phonological changes that have occurred. (Important note: you can put a \u00b0

over or under a normally voiced sound if it is unvoiced in a given realization /
pronunciation.),
c) formulate a general rule for these changes.
English meaning
Welsh
transcriptionphonological changes

@n ni:
@n n@frIn
@m mUTIn
@m mEntrE
@N NEgIn
@N N@mrI

Rule:
____/10
____/15
4. Phonemes, Allophones and Free Variation
Look at the transcriptions of a number of words in Scots.
a) Match the orthographic English gloss in the box below with the Scots transcription. (Hint:
diphthongs in RP are usually lengthened monophthongs in Scots)
b) Do you think the sounds[w] and[W] are phonemes, allophones or in free variation? Give
reasons. (If you think they are allophones, give the archiphoneme.)
Scots
transcription
English orthographic
gloss
Scots
transcription
English orthographic
gloss
Wa\u2022e
why
WIp
@we:
wItSIz
WItS
wEDVrve:n
WeK
@WVIK
we:
WVIt
WEDVr
we:t
We:
wOnt
weKz
away, awhile, wait, Wales, want, way, weathervane, whale, whether, whey,
which, whip, white, why, witches

qAllophones
qPhonemes
qFree variants

5. Identifying the Conditioning Environment

In Dutch we can observe the phenomenon of Schwa epenthesis (the insertion of an optional
Schwa). In the table you can see where this is possible and where it isn\u2019t (marked by *).
a) Complete the table in analogy of the data given.
b) Identify the conditioning environment for Schwa epenthesis in these examples

Elk
El@k
\u201ceach\u201d
El"kar
*El@kar
\u201ceach other\u201d
vOlk
vOl@k
\u201cpeople\u201d
"vOlk@n
*vOl@k@n
\u201cpeoples\u201d
warm
war@m\u201cwarm\u201d
"warm@n
*war@m@n\u201cto warm\u201d
hOrn
hOr@n
\u201chorn\u201d
"hOrn@tj@
*"hOr@n@tj@\u201clittle horn\u201d
bElx
bEl@x
\u201cBelgian\u201d
"bElGj@
*bEl@Gj@
\u201cBelgium\u201d
arm
\u201cArm\u201d
\u201carms\u201d
mElk
\u201cmilk
\u201cto milk\u201d
kOrn
>
\u201ccorn\u201d
>
\u201ccorns\u201d
____/15

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