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Healing Gardens for Children

Healing Gardens for Children

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Published by Karagianni9581

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Karagianni9581 on Sep 20, 2011
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11/19/2013

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From:Clare,C.,M.,&Barnes,M.(1999)
HealingGardens:TherapeuticBenefitsandDesignRecommendations.
NewYork,JohnWiley&Sons.
CHAPTER
7
Healing
Gardens
forChildren
RobinC.Moore
A-
s
a,\Ii~hjd:ewrhealing
dhild!:1en~
garoens
ha:w
speda:~
sig-.n~~l1c.a:nce
beca!us:e
ofthe'
wa.y~liJJ
wb~ch
chU"enllelillle
to
___t]le
wadeltbrGugih
play
and
~be~r
a'tll;tac~i,on
Itt)
nature
O\lloQre:
aJndW()l1,g,ru
997
).P)ay
~s
[hili:!
chUrl's
'way
olf
les,ra;b~jshjli1g
O'l!l!Ilhe:n.U.c
re~alti!onsbi,pEl
withdDie
oodal.;!I;nd
physi~l,
wo.r~cl.P~a:y
~:s
~lsoaright
lll!~,guulmn~eedn.Arti.cllf!
J.~.
dlie
,ConvenUo,f'I
00,
l
be
rugh~s,
oflheChild
(eRIC,
Uni.tiedN,aMon!S,W
989)1.,
~.f.I;sigJnsabouethe
sigilli
Elc~.nceof
rela:t~!Ql]$h~ps,
bieliWeen
c11Ucl-
hood.
flay,
land
iI'iIaltI!,a!U~a.v~
~n
e'.ldensiv,eMs
tory..
On.e
:rneoosoniy
:1,0
think
ofnamessuch!as
Montes!Sori.
Pesr,aJoz'l..~.
S~eiJner,
Fl'oe:i!J.e]"and
.]Davey
to.reaJ.ize~t:wa~the'~ega.oyof
mQre~h!al1
a.
oeIil{:l.uyof,chUd
deve,[opment
~)~(l()~1'
nd
'pra.cdcecan
liu.~rnp
us'lmde1:3t~and
~he
r:ri~eofchIUdirelil.~sardensasplaces
,ofheal~n@:.
l'hf'Ougnp[a;y.fu~ffi:~t~.~c~o:mw.lith
peop]~.
natura]
,o:bjec~s.,
and
ma~eriMs,.
thedludlearns
jlJ.
aspedalbouflI.diiJI.ess
w.ayLha~
sd:m.~
u.lalUes
the
del!i'elop,Iw:u.l'nto.f
m:~nd.
body,
andspjr~t..
Childrcelm's
~nveractio:.lls\!'ll':~th
dle'pl~ysical
le]]vh~o[!IJm:enL
are
i
Iilli
mabeand
im:m.edi,ate.'fbismakesgarden
sJf:nll:ilgs
e's'peciaUyMltisfying
b~ca.l:II:se
theyo:!.:I."e
dlv~l'se.
con£;t:aflt~y
dlangiIl,g.
m:u~tiS;e1'S!'J(I'"Y"
_1~'
']'1:."
..:II_
"f.
:1,
d~
1k
I:Ulu.
:aw:fve..
I
necompresseu
nature
oga~...
tel1ls.
r,ega:E'1.e,u
tII'Y
,f.rg.we
l·~
Heafin9gamem:
'0.
chii·
drmt'lre
G
neW'
~ypeo'l
t:IGItr..l!'e-MoM«,
~tdE'd
havenfot
O1Jldfl?1l
lll'J'd
)lUr,lli!ri~tcan
,rlloorpor(ifJ!'rfr~{-ri1i(lti~'e
rok's
0'
proI;es.s)orr.d
~~afiondvalt:rmet'!,
Th~~.h
taring
forUlegard~fI
~~rhe,l"
mm~
hM!]flg..
ot
L...,cas
CaildeJ'l~.8~
AUJfillaifa.,(P:fl~'iO
CO\IIlitey
oft~~~l
GQ.I'"demSchool.)'
 
"1
U8~
.rn
Wi!J'rk
.eli
(,lP<lvtner
.fLospi'-
M1
witho,~ual~JI
pJ'tie:ns,:it
1JI1,l!i,S
jUS.l
t!
.mllnark
1:mil(Jb~.g;
l'1t>e,Fe
was
mill
evena
plo,t;e
t([)
~f:i
out:~
$f:t'le.
lfIujm
ihe'lfft.I·~
llt~·
hospiral
,(jIndy(;l.~jlru7w
yau
7~
tJ~e1te,
'Fhe/f~~
nD
~cape.
.Al
h~pil(;ll$
like,th~
r~tlr,1J
pR.t.i:e~i~;5
l'aJ1CJiJie:s
llall~
lQ
viSiiltltg''IIl'
l/~
lhett~o~~~..
lhere£
I~a
IfJl<ffdecUt:;
.tiollU'i
it~~llIi
JiO'
be
depn!s:sing
(j
00
ml1kl!)
them
fee.'t
l.,~p.r~
in
.rhcif
.Uble;S$,
n~rn
wirl~
tl1~garde~~
tlffd
~llthe.
o;f,U~
door
pit~C"eS.
it~
5,(;1'
!I,~'rch
beuet:·
H
~S.[lI_r;F'M~.s_)
r-esea.rchersas
iii.
heaHng
agen~
(aIds.,
19'85.).
ceunteractsbore-
dam"
sH:mu~aleg.
chiMrelll,~sruIilin:Jl)~
cudOS~.tyf
and
off1er-sa.11luge
ran~eof~xper.ienU~1
chok,t:li
oom.paredLosynthetk:€!nviron.~
ments(Moore~:!tI:ild
WOIhlg.~
991),.
f[.ea~[nggard~n:s11;!!1."e,p~~;da~s:~gnifh::::anceas
,bu::es,\;vhere
thlei:n_rnc:rlillieof:'
thecb~ldeanbeh~u~gnuedwith~heextemal
world.
wherechJI:dre'.Ii:I.
can
find
bo~h
.sthni'u.w]alt~o;1J1,
andselace.
Bdt~s~C:hHd[(niSydllIa~dsi!and
pedij,a[fh:;ian.Doli....
~d!
\i~Hn:n:kou
{WtnnicQU,]9'J!])'
~~Ued.~his:,experi:e:I:lU.al
do.maJnlhe
tiMId's
upOlle:rltial,
space,"where.
~hf\ou:ghpbry.
ehildrencan
work.
~h.rough~Dt!erJ!lalconfltets,
,e,xpiressfealnh
and
ClOmmunh::atle
destres
n()nv,erbany"Wi:n.[I;~coUisl
not-Jon.
of"'pCI~eln[i:~J
spaee"
(lie~uH:incfnlmaUf~ti.mewo.rJdng:\1Iof~tn
c.hUd.li'ie'tl.and
fa;mlHes')
~e:.nds:powerful
su,porm
tetheidea
Lhaltp],ayful
garden
.SC'ttin,
g5
,caln
serve
as
l~true'.I·a.pelJdc
)i['he:'al~ngen;V'ltun:men~s[u.r
cW1dn'lD,
U1i~.i.1f"
p~~f!l~,.
and
c3:regive:rs.
HISTORYOFCHlLD.RE.N'S
HEll'DlGGARDENS
The
ne~d
QfspedaUzed
land~cape!)
Ides.i:gned
fur
I~:bnd:re'nhlas
In'lleirllevoh1ing
fOI.-
man:
tham.
fift,.
y.e~l'sa~d
hasmluel'lflO
,cO.n~
ll:;butleto
~dv:anc:ifllg'[hie
bea.~tng
role
of
lchl~dl.·,el]j'!igard~ns.
An
learl,p~oneer
wa~~he
Bri~i~h
landscape
archi~lec~Lady
.AJ1Ilen
ofRljr~od,
bl
tlhem~d~
l'9410s,
she
'Vis~ted
the
Emdrop
AdVem'lure
.PlaY'!11OUnd
~:1iJi
Co.penh~~n,wh.icih
wasdevie~oJledby[he])<'!:n~S:h
landscapeafChJt~ctC.Th,
S~re:llSml.
Aclvl'lnturll';:~la.yg;ro:UJDds
leXl:'ress~d
he
rl~vQI~Uonaryconcept
chiltc:hndre:l1.oowdl
create
the[row:".
c")'JnmuDit,U~r-ouglh
h9lnds~op
man.ilPulation
ofilhe
~Ihysica~
lenviranmcn
t,
,f~cmt.a.~.edbytminedpla:Jl~ade.fs
.e
LadyAII~enwasso.impres:sed[hatshe
.~ed
a.
Sl,u:::cessm1move'me:nL.
1[0
eS~<lJbHs],1imi~ar&!dUUI~:S'in
LCll]ldion
fD.e'ighborllil.QtOd.s
.sernng
fam~]jestra,umati,zedby
l~he'
bombs"Iodood~ebu,gs;J
and
fires~O'fffI:!i
of
WorldW~n'U.La~e:l",she-
eX'~e:nd~d
tI.lemOW]]1en:~te
i
lcltIJde
chUo1lmn,~"iri:th
specialneeds,
be~in.n:h:ilg
]iI1I
.LonCioni
III
I['h']
,n'·10.·".
·1'1.,.~,~..;.--
~1.:•.
-.C,,.
,c
1"1"
1I'.:I·-
J.--..
_1...
dvent.
1
ill'..
;1..
SWl.
.,111.
1.:ille
mll,nUHnlg.CII.
..lie
.!r
;SIU.til)icap]JCi.I,lCl:.ven~1lI.re
flaygrQulildA:ssodanon,now
knownsjmp~yas:
HAPA
,whost!p~a:ypro~es;si,ona~swork
.au~dool~S.
to
pmmG~e
'lheheru:~:Jl
of
d:1U.~
dlren
wH:hspec~ajnre:ed,s.
AWedde'lilek~,pme,nts,
include
·C:hLildl",en.':s
fu:rn1!s,wh~:rethe'r·elsa
S~.I~Qf!!ig,~OCI![ISOWl,
ani:m,a~s."<SeeBreU'e~
al.,19·93,and
Wes~~and
and
Krd.gffil[;,
19
1
8.2,
fQrmore
imform,~l,io,t:l
ontheseand.
,aths\,
:s;p~cla]~i!!ecl
c~andSicapes
60r
chHdlren.)
MOistchUdiren's;
fannshflv,e
a
.s~mngcomm~tmen~
~o
indus]oo
of
,cMl-
~If
It
L'1"·.-[':1.'...•-.
h
,.IL.",'
tlIIren
0
alll
aUI.lJmeS,lnCJ..!.!L!.mg
acuvrn~s
sue~
~S;ln'@ra:peu
I.I.e
hersebeek
:I'iwr:l!g,.
 
Asearch
()f
the
Utera:l:ul'C'
onhe:d~hc~rem.ci,mity
de.s:lgnrernamed.
[0
cb:Udf;Cll
.iJIldica~eg
~1'IDal:
ealtn,gg;;r_rderoiSEor,chi1ldIeil1li
areavery
recent
de'i{tdopmen~.~1JI
'[hemedJcal!
fiJeld..Lh\lidhein'll.
et
ill..
U
912)
Pil"QP0Si!.'l
desi:gnglUide~.il~l:e5fOIl"
,chUdreD
'shospita.]silIlde:mp(I'WMi21e
theimpotrl'al1lceof
cl:l'i:~dre:n's
ptay,
the
cHilrdo~t'
eWlvffironmefiVl~.Mld
experien.ceofnam:ure~
~hem~re:i~ern'[€din.
drue
de~i"gnguid~in(!';sbookbyOtclsand
Dllln
lel(19181)..A
docacl.e:1:!l!ter
j
,~nacom.]poohen·
sive(rea:tme:n~ofhe~h.hca.re[~cUides,
fur
t.hUd:ren.<lmld.
fa.Ihm.e.s,
S~l~,ley
(
1
99'S)
ree'.w.phasized
the
itnpoft3li1ce
of
play..
,caJll~~g
i~
3
!~heZllUl:iIga.cli.v,i.'ty"
(p.~
09)"
though
.she
nctes
~n
her~:Itera:ture
.rerlewthait
the:J.lf
is
":11;0
.scientlfi:crese"lflch
o.nchUdrcn.'soutdoor
h:ea~llh
fadHt:yp'l!;1ys.paoes"(~"
106).
1'.be
signi(kaf!,QIllof
the
nat-
ttra~env:iro.l:lmen~can
also
be
i.l1Ir~rred
byUI.rkill's.
.~earcl'JJ6nd~
Ingshl
re.~a
tkm~()
acl:ulls('see
Ch.apter2)'un!dit
Is
assumedthat
s;ilm~~a;rposiMveheal
([1
oo~]a'l:h:)l]sa'IP'P~Y
10
,dlJildreJ:il.
hi.
t:hewOi~d
,o:f
praeriee,
c~~nd.sC<llipe
arc:hi~ects
have!begu.n
to
nl'llv,eanimpacton
ho~pita~
de~dg!!l..Avolume,edited
by
M~l'be]"ry
{l997)'co.nminsa
ch~p~.e,r
by
J;lulles,BumettoliJithe
tfu:~l.~~pemi~effeclsof
1a
nd:5capean:::h,ih;:dm~
inhoiSpita~design.-althou,g;h
the
con:cept
is
:rD.Q{
.v~lat~.,to
chUdren.
specifii-
(;.,1l~:y;
:111
the
ooUinstJ:'le.aml,i/ln.d!sica:pea1tChi
reeture
pOOi~esS'io.il1j
~ihe
~opicofhealing
gafden,shas
G,n1y
very
r;eCBl1ItI'y
reooivedvi.sitiDiH-
ffity.
1:ti1~9g.5~
lrwas
the
co'~e'[·
theme'of
the
Januaryissueof
iAl'Id5Cnpe
Arc1zit'ft.at~we
(VCl~'~:r~~..~85.Numb@[':~,
pp.56-7'9).
Of
dlesix
buill
P!ro~octslPt1eSle'Qred,.one:was
sped
£icaUydesi.g~ed
fOiF'
c:hHd
ren,
l'hi!:!
wasaseries
o,[playrul
'COU.t1.1i.H)d.~
Intlll.e
ChUdren's
Ho:spi~a~a[1d.HIeal~h
Ce~~er.San
.[Hego,
CA.The
HeaUIilg'Ga1."dierl.~Iilthesame~nstltu.U,on,.~liIch.tdedinthischap~
~.er..\I\laS
absent,
as
it
was
not
yet
,Qonstmcted.
.F~utf'
2.lllJ'o,(ig,/1
l!'heplGnrlng
deJign
ithe
t~Mmpe'
~d~"l:~(
fl\'ared
,DQril.'lgelWarl
belweeiQ
,tl'feI!!!J
\!i\Itha
:!!MS'e
at
my.stelf
aoo
otoveff,'
,~he
gar.den
i.s
1'li!Vf!7~lea
entiMJ,y
th'l;m
OJ'l!!,,'
VQ.l':I,t(lg~
paifit.
,ellt;ioWfl'gfllg
t~€
chfWtorn"Ove
l'h,o.ughU;s
lequenoe~0"
~.(T'he;
'Gwd~j'J
Pa~i1of
fihe
meropeHlf~
GQ~
Wf.'1ej~
MJ\
p~toby
.Dougi{Js
R!e;~.)

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