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English Para Jumbles

English Para Jumbles

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03/18/2014

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ENGLISH PARAJUMBLES
Some theory:Part 1:
Every MBA aspirant starting his preparation forC AT 2008 will stumble into parajumbles,
or jumbled paragraphs as they\u2019re formally known, sooner or later.

In para jumbled questions -the instructions will always read "Choose the most logical
order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph".
Given below would be 4 or 5 perplexing sentences which he would need to sort and
arrange like a jigsaw puzzle. If one knows how to go about it, its fun.Solving jumbled
paragraphs is a science. It is so much of a science that you can obtain an accuracy of
100% even if you are not a good reader.
It always pays to start small with simple questions. In this article, I will cover all the
basic techniques there are to solve jumbled paragraphs.
For me, cracking the parajumbles revolves around one basic technique:
Suppose you establish the link \u2018BA\u2019. The given options are (a) DABC (b) ACDB (c)
CBAD (d) DBAC. Now you are left with option (c) and (d) to examine. You read the
sentences in the order given by these two options and use your methods again to
determine which one is correct.
Is establishing links between two sentences easy?
Not Always. However, easy or not, you can certainly establish links between two or more
sentences with the help of some friends found in the sentences. These friends are:

TRANSITION WORDS:
Transition words make the shift from one idea to another very smooth. They organize and
connect the sentences logically. Observing the transition words found in a sentence
can often give you a clue about the sentence that will come before/after that
particular sentence. Given below are some commonly used transition words:

also, again, as well as, besides, furthermore, in addition, likewise, moreover, similarly,
consequently, hence, otherwise, subsequently, therefore, thus, as a rule, generally, for
instance, for example, for one thing, above all, aside from,barring,besides, in other
words, in short, instead, likewise, on one hand, on the other hand, rather, similarly, yet,
but, however, still, nevertheless, first of all, to begin with, at the same time, for now, for
the time being, in time, later on, meanwhile, next, then, soon, the meantime, later, while,
earlier, simultaneously, afterward, in conclusion, with this in mind, after all, all in all, to
sum up.
So how does knowledge of transition words helps us in para jumbles?Let's try out this

CATquestion:
(CAT 2001)

A. But in the industrial era destroying the enemy\u2019s productive capacity means bombing
the factories which are located in the cities.
B. So in the agrarian era, if you need to destroy the enemy\u2019s productive capacity, what
you want to do is bum his fields, or if you\u2019re really vicious, salt them.
C. Now in the information era, destroying the enemy\u2019s productive capacity means
destroying the information infrastructure.
D. How do you do battle with your enemy?
E. The idea is to destroy the enemy\u2019s productive capacity, and depending upon the

economic foundation, that productive capacity is different in each case.
F. With regard to defence, the purpose of the military is to defend the nation and be
prepared to do battle with its enemy.
1. FDEBAC 2. FCABED 3. DEBACF 4. DFEBAC

Answer:

Look at the transition word \u2018but\u2019 in the first sentence. It signifies that the sentence is
expressing an idea contrary to an idea expressed in some previous sentence. Now we
need to find that previous sentence. If we further look at the beginning of the first
sentence, it says \u2018but in the industrial era...\u2019 which suggests that the contrariness is with
respect to eras. Looking further, we see that sentenceB andC are also starting with
statement about eras. But the transition word at the start ofC is \u2018now\u2019 which expresses
present era and hence it cannot chronologically come before any other past era. That is, if
information era is the present era, talk about any other era will comebef ore this. So
sentenceB is the correct sentence to come before the first sentence. Likewise, sentenceC
is the correct sentence to come after the first sentence (sentenceC is continuing the idea).
Therefore, we have the linkBA C.

We see that option 1, 3 and 4 all have the link BAC. Furthermore, all the three options
have the linkEBAC. Therefore, we only need to arrangeD andF. The sentenceF states
that \u2018The purpose is\u2026.to battle with the enemy\u2019 andD questions \u2018how do you battle

with the enemy?\u2019 Therefore, D will come after F.
HenceFDEBAC is the correct arrangement
PERSONAL PRONOUNS:
Personal pronouns are he, she, it, him, her, they, you, your etc. Remember that personal
pronouns always refer to a person, place or thing etc. Therefore, if a sentence contains a
personal pronoun without mentioning the person, place or object it is referring to,
the person, place or object must have come in the previous sentence. Often, this is a
good lead to identify a link. Solve thisC AT question:
(CAT 2001)
A. Although there are large regional variations, it is not infrequent to find a large number
of people sitting here and there and doing nothing.
B. Once in office, they receive friends and relatives who feel free to call any time without
prior appointment.

C. While working, one is struck by the slow and clumsy actions and reactions, indifferent
attitudes, procedure rather than outcome orientation, and the lack of consideration for
others.

D. Even those who are employed often come late to the office and leave early unless they

are forced to be punctual.
E. Work is not intrinsically valued in India.
F. Quite often people visit ailing friends and relatives or go out of their way to help them

in their personal matters even during office hours.
1. ECADBF 2. EADCFB 3. EADBFC 4. ABFCBE
Answer:

Look at the personal pronoun \u2018they\u2019 in sentence B: Once in office,they receive friends
and relatives who feel free to call any time without prior appointment. This they must be
referring to some people. The reference to some people only comes in sentences A, D,
and F. Therefore, one of the sentences will come before sentence B. Let\u2019s see the link AB,
DB, and FB;

Link AB-

Although there are large regional variations, it is not infrequent to find a large number of people sitting here and there and doing nothing. Once in office, they receive friends and relatives who feel free to call any time without prior appointment.

Link DB-

Even those who are employed often come late to the office and leave early unless they
are forced to be punctual. Once in office, they receive friends and relatives who feel free
to call any time without prior appointment.

Link FB-

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