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Afghanistan Opium Survey 2009 Web

Afghanistan Opium Survey 2009 Web

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Proving the American production and distribution of afghanistan opium
Proving the American production and distribution of afghanistan opium

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Published by: TheOccultTruth.com on Sep 20, 2011
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01/17/2013

 
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Government of AfghanistanMinistry of Counter Narcotics
Afghanistan
Opium Survey 2009
 
ABBREVIATIONS
ANP Afghan National PoliceCNPA Counter Narcotics Police of AfghanistanGDP Gross Domestic ProductGLE Governor-led eradicationICMP Illicit Crop Monitoring Programme (UNODC)ISAF International Security Assistance ForceMCN Ministry of Counter-NarcoticsPEF Poppy Eradication ForceUNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The following organizations and individuals contributed to the implementation of the 2009Afghanistan Opium Survey and to the preparation of this report:
 Ministry of Counter-Narcotics:
Dr. Mohammad Zafar (Deputy Minister), Mohammad Ibrahim Azhar (Deputy Minister)Dr. Mohammad Nabi Hussaini (Director General), Policy &Coordination,Mir Abdullah (Deputy Director of Survey and Monitoring Directorate)
Survey Coordinators:
Eshaq Masumi (Central Region), Abdul Mateen (Eastern Region), Abdul Latif Ehsan(Western Region), Fida Mohammad (Northern Region), Mohammed Ishaq Anderabi (North-EasternRegion), Hashmatullah Asek (Southern Region)Mohammad Khyber Wardak (Data entry supervisor), Mohammad Ajmal (Data entry), Sahar (Data entry),Mohammad Hakim Hayat (Data entry)
. Remote sensing analysts:
Ahmad Jawid Ghiasee and Sayed Sadat Mehdi
 Eradication reporters:
Ramin Sobhi and Zia Ulhaq
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (Kabul)
Jean-Luc Lemahieu (Country Representative), Devashish Dhar (International Project Coordinator),Ziauddin Zaki (National Project Coordinator), Abdul Mannan Ahmadzai (Survey Officer), Noor Mohammad Sadiq (Database Developer)
Survey Coordinators
: Abdul Basir Basiret (Eastern Region), Abdul Jalil (Northern Region), Abdul Qadir Palwal (Southern Region), Fawad Alahi (Western Region), Mohammad Rafi (North-eastern Region),Rahimullah Omar (Central Region), Sayed Ahmad (Southern Region), Abdul Rahim Marikh (EasternRegion), Fardin Osmani (Northern Region)
 Provincial Coordinators
: Fazal Mohammad Fazli (Southern Region), Mohammad Alam Ghalib (EasternRegion), Altaf Hussain Joya (Western Region), Mohammed Alem Yaqubi (North-eastern Region),Lutfurhaman Lutfi (Northern Region)
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (Vienna)
Sandeep Chawla (Director, Division for Policy Analysis and Public Affairs), Angela Me (Chief, Statisticsand Surveys Section-SASS), Shirish Ravan (Programme Officer), Martin Raithelhuber (ProgrammeOfficer), Patrick Seramy (Database management), Javier Teran (Statistician), Philip Davis (Statistician),Coen Bussink (GIS Expert) (all SASS), Suzanne Kunnen (Public Information Assistant, Studies and ThreatAnalysis Section), Graham Kalton (Consultant, statistical expert), Alicia Priest (Consultant, editing)The implementation of the survey would not have been possible without the dedicated work of the fieldsurveyors, who often faced difficult security conditions.UNODC’s illicit crop monitoring activities in Afghanistan were made possible by financial contributionsfrom the Governments of Germany, Norway, the United Kingdom and the United States of America.
 
CONTENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.............................................................................................................7
 
1 INTRODUCTION......................................................................................................................23
 
2 FINDINGS..................................................................................................................................25
 
2.1
 
OPIUM CULTIVATION.....................................................................................................25
 
2.2
 
ERADICATION...................................................................................................................46
 
2.3
 
OPIUM YIELD....................................................................................................................62
 
2.4
 
POTENTIAL OPIUM PRODUCTION................................................................................64
 
2.5
 
SECURITY...........................................................................................................................67
 
2.6
 
COUNTER NARCOTICS ACTIVITIES AND DRUG TRAFFICKING............................69
 
2.7
 
OPIUM FARMERS..............................................................................................................76
 
2.8
 
REASONS FOR OPIUM CULTIVATION..........................................................................78
 
2.9
 
LOANS.................................................................................................................................80
 
2.10
 
AGRICULTURAL ASSISTANCE......................................................................................80
 
2.11
 
CASH INCOME OF FARMING HOUSEHOLDS..............................................................81
 
2.12
 
OPIUM PRICES...................................................................................................................84
 
2.13
 
HEROIN PRICES AND HEROIN TO OPIUM PRICE RATIOS.......................................88
 
2.14
 
FARM-GATE VALUE OF OPIUM PRODUCTION AND INCOME FROM OPIUM......91
 
2.15
 
POTENTIAL VALUE OF THE OPIATE ECONOMY.......................................................95
 
3 METHODOLOGY...................................................................................................................101
 
3.1
 
OPIUM CULTIVATION...................................................................................................101
 
3.2
 
VILLAGE SURVEY METHODOLOGY..........................................................................112
 
3.3
 
DRUG FLOW SURVEY....................................................................................................115
 
3.4
 
OPIUM YIELD AND PRODUCTION..............................................................................116
 
3.5
 
ERADICATION VERIFICATION METHODOLOGY....................................................118
 
3.6
 
OPIUM POPPY-GROWING HOUSEHOLDS..................................................................120
 
3.7
 
AVERAGE FARM-GATE PRICE AND FARM-GATE VALUE OF OPIUMPRODUCTION..................................................................................................................121
 
3.8
 
VALUE OF AFGHAN OPIATES IN NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES..........................122
 
ANNEX I: OPIUM POPPY CULTIVATION PER PROVINCE (HA), 2002-2009..............137
 
ANNEX II: INDICATIVE DISTRICT LEVEL ESTIMATION (HA), 1994-2009...............138
 
ANNEX III: ERADICATION FIGURES BY DISTRICT (2009)...........................................144
 

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