The study of mind and behavior.
Our private inner experience of perceptions, thoughts, memories, and feelings.
Behavior - Observable actions of human beings and nonhuman animals.
The philosophical view that certain kinds of knowledge are innate or inborn.
The philosophical view that all knowledge is acquired throughexperience.
A now defunct theory that specific mental abilities and characteristics, rangingfrom memory to the capacity for happiness, are localized in specific regions of the brain.
The study of biological processes, especially in the human body.
sensory input from the environment
the amount of time taken to respond to a specific stimulus.
a person’s subjective experience of the world and the mind.
the analysis of the basic elements that constitute the mind.
The subjective observation of one’s own
the study of the purpose mental processes serve in enabling people to adapt totheir environment.
Charles Darwin’s theory that the features of an organism that help it survive
and reproduce are more likely than other features to be passed on to subsequent generations.
Errors of perception, memory, or judgment in which subjective experience differsfrom objective reality.
a psychological approach that emphasizes that we often perceive thewhole rather than the sum of the parts.
Hysteria - a temporary loss of cognitive or motor functions, usually as a result of emotionallyupsetting experiences.
the part of the mind that operates outside of conscious awareness but influencesconscious thoughts, feelings, and actions.
Sigmund Freud’s approach to understanding human behavior that
emphasizes the importance of unconscious mental processes in shaping feelings, thoughts, andbehaviors.
a therapeutic approach that focuses on brining unconscious material intoconscious awareness to better understand psychological disorders.
AN approach to understanding human nature that emphasizes thepositive potential of human beings.
an approach that advocates that psychologists restrict themselves to thescientific study of objectively observable behavior.
an action or physiological change elicited by a stimulus.
The consequences of a behavior that determine whether it will be more likelythat the behavior will occur again.