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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Treatment With an Emphasis on the Role of Nature in Healing

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Treatment With an Emphasis on the Role of Nature in Healing

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Published by: Neroulidi854 on Sep 21, 2011
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Running head: TRAUMA, HEALING, AND NATUREPost-Traumatic Stress DisorderCauses, Effects, and Treatment With an Emphasis on the Role of Nature in Healing 
 Yvonne
 May 2, 2006Naropa University 
© Yvonne
 
2006. You may read and print this paper for personal use.
 
 Trauma, Healing, and Nature 2 Abstract This paper explores how trauma affects the body, emotions, psyche, soul, and relationships withothers. The paper discusses seven treatment methods for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD),seeking ways that biophilia—our innate biological connection with the natural world—can be an ally in healing. Treatment goals of somatic release, safety, reconstruction, and reconnection are used toevaluate Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), Somatic Experiencing,Bodynamic Analysis, Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy, ecotherapy, and shamanic counseling. The paper briefly discusses the roles of memory and contemplative practices in healing PTSD. Theauthor provides examples of her own experience using EMDR and IFS therapy.
 
 Trauma, Healing, and Nature 3Contents
 Abstract ..........................................................................................................................2
 
Introduction ...................................................................................................................6
 
 The Role of Nature in Healing Trauma........................................................................7
 
Definitions and Causes of Trauma and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.....................8
 
Causes of Trauma................................................................................................................................8 
 
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder............................................................................................................
 
Group trauma and group trauma treatment..........................................................................................
 
Effects of Trauma ........................................................................................................10
 
What Happens to the Body During Trauma.......................................................................................10
 
Physical and Emotional Symptoms of Trauma....................................................................................12 
 
Psychological Effects of Trauma in Early Childhood...........................................................................15 
 
Relational Effects of Trauma..............................................................................................................17 
 
Effects of Trauma on the Soul............................................................................................................18 
 
The Phenomenon of Re-enactment.......................................................................................................20
 
The Role of Memory in Trauma Treatment.........................................................................................20
 
Methods for Healing Trauma......................................................................................22
 
 Methods Not Discussed in this Paper.................................................................................................23
  Animal therapy..........................................................................................................................23 Art therapy.................................................................................................................................23Color therapy.............................................................................................................................23Energy psychology techniques................................................................................................23Exposure therapy......................................................................................................................23

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