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Trees and Vegetation: Reducing Urban Heat Islands - Compendium of Strategies

Trees and Vegetation: Reducing Urban Heat Islands - Compendium of Strategies

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Published by Garden Therapy
Trees and Vegetation: Reducing Urban Heat Islands - Compendium of Strategies
Trees and Vegetation: Reducing Urban Heat Islands - Compendium of Strategies

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Garden Therapy on Sep 21, 2011
Copyright:Public Domain

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06/24/2012

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Reducing Urban Heat Islands:Compendium of Strategies
Trees and Vegetation
 
 
Acknowledgements
 Reducing Urban Heat Islands: Compendium of Strategies 
describes thecauses and impacts o summertime urban heat islands and promotesstrategies or lowering temperatures in U.S. communities. This compendium was developed by the Climate Protection Partnership Division in the U.S.Environmental Protection Agency’s Oce o Atmospheric Programs. Eva Wong managed its overall development. Kathleen Hogan, Julie Rosenberg,and Andrea Denny provided editorial support. Numerous EPA sta inoces throughout the Agency contributed content and provided reviews.Subject area experts rom other organizations around the United States andCanada also committed their time to provide technical eedback.Under contracts 68-W-02-029 and EP-C-06-003, Perrin Quarles Associates,Inc. provided technical and administrative support or the entirecompendium, and Eastern Research Group, Inc. provided graphics andproduction services.PositvEnergy provided support in preparing the Trees and Vegetation, CoolRoos, and UHI Activities chapters under contract PO #2W-0361-SATX.Experts who helped shape this chapter include:Ryan Bell, David Cole, Ben DeAngelo, Lynn Desaultes, Ed Dickerho, Maury Estes, Gordon Heisler, David Hitchcock, Kim Klunich, Cheryl Kollin, MeganLewis, Julie Magee, Greg McPherson, Dave Nowak, Philip Rodbell, JoyceRosenthal, Misha Sarkovich, Kathy Wol, Jim Yarbrough, and Barry Zalph.
 
 
Contents
Trees and Vegetation1
1. How It Works .................................................................22. Using Trees and Vegetation in the Urban Landscape ...........................33. Benets and Costs ............................................................53.1 Benets .................................................................53.2 Potential Adverse Impacts................................................93.3 Costs ...................................................................113.4 Benet-Cost Considerations.............................................114. Other Factors to Consider....................................................124.1 Planting Considerations.................................................124.2 Maintenance ...........................................................144.3 Saety ..................................................................155. Urban Forestry Initiatives ....................................................156. Resources ...................................................................196.1 Plant Selection..........................................................196.2 Benet-Cost and Other Tools ............................................216.3 General Inormation ....................................................24Endnotes.......................................................................26

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