Coconut oil is a source of lauric acid (12 carbons) which can be made into sodium laurate. This soap is verysoluble and will lather easily even in sea water.Fatty acids with only 10 or fewer carbons are not used in soaps because they irritate the skin and haveobjectionable odors.
What Is Soap?
The first step in understanding soap requires that we be clear about just what soap is. Soap is a cleaningproduct made from natural ingredients.These ingredients may include both plant and animal products, including such items as:
, such as tallow or vegetable oil, such as castor, olive, or coconut oil.
such as soapwort or Western soapberry (aptly named!).
such as cinnamon, rose water, oil of bergamot or cloves.Detergent, on the other hand, is a synthetic product. It often has petroleum-based ingredients, although thereare plant-based detergents available as well.
Some Types of Soap
One way of looking at types of soap is by origin. There are handmade and commercially made soaps.Another way to look at soap is by its use. Soap is available for personal use, laundry use, and dishwashing,and pet cleaning products that are soaps can also be found.
include the soap in the shape of a rubber ducky and the soap-on-a-rope, made not only toclean, but for enjoyment as well. Soaps may be made novel by their shape and/or coloring. There are noveltysoaps for children, for example, a bar of soap can have a toy inside or be formed like a crayon and used todraw on the tub. As with other types of soap, you can purchase novelty soaps or make your own. Manyspecialty soap molds are available in a vast array of ethnic, holiday, and other shapes.
are likely to feature attractive fragrances, and ingredients to address a variety of skin types.Beauty soaps may feature glycerin, or special oil blends, for example, combining Shea butter, with coconutpalm oil and other oils.
are usually miniature soaps, molded into attractive shapes and designed for use by guests inthe main bathroom, or in a separate guest bathroom. Popular shapes are flowers, sea shells, and rounds.
is specially formulated to clean clothes. Be sure to follow package directions for bestresults.
is the counterpart of dish detergent and comes in a variety of scents. As with laundry soap, besure to follow package directions, and do not use dish soap in a dishwasher.
Medicated soap.Chemistry of Soap