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Caesar 05 - Melinkov's Removal in the Ukraine

Caesar 05 - Melinkov's Removal in the Ukraine

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Published by: Robert Vale on Sep 21, 2011
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CAESAR-
5
17
July
1953
\
APPROVED
FOR
RELEASE
DATE:
JUN
2007
MEENIKOV'S
REMOVAL
XN
THE.
UKRAINE
'
Office of Current Intelligence
CENTRAL
NTELLIGENCE
AGENCY
HR70-14(U)
L
i
 
1
I
I
MEIl;mMOv'S
REMova
m
Tm
UKRAIISE
Ukrainian personnel
shifts
following
the death of
Stalin
culminated in
the
purge
of
L.
G.
Melnikov
from
his
position
as
First Secretary of
the
Ukrainian
Parts
on
12
June.
of
his membership
on
the
USSR
Party Presfdium and
his
closerelations with other members
of
that
body, he
vas
the
mostimportant Soviet leader to have been removed since
the
death
of
Stalin.In
view
There were
few
advance indications
of
Melnikov's
ouster to
be
found in
the
Ukrainian governmental reorganization,
the
Ukrainian
SSR
began to reorganize
its
governmental structure
in
accordance
with
the
USSR
reorganlzation
of
15
March; thisprocess continued throughout
the
months
of
April
and
my.
The
Lo
April reorganization included
the
consolidatton of severalmlnistrf ea
in
line
with
the
All-Union
ministerial consolidation,
Among
others, the Ministries
of
Internal
Affairs
and
State
Security
were
merged
lnto
a
single
MinietrJr
of
Internal
Affairs
under
the
direction
04
P.
Y.
Meshyk,
a
reported
MB
aasocfate
of
L.
P.
Beria.
On
23
April, the Ukrainian Minister
of
State Control,
A,
P.
Pirogov,
was
replaced by
K.
S.
Karavaev.personnel change
an
30
Msy
provided
what
is
perhaps
the
first
indication
of
an impending high
level
personnel reversal
in
the
Ukraipe,
A.
Y.
Korneichuk
First
Deputy
ehahman
of
the
BspublicanCouncil
of
Ministers,
and released Deputy
Chairman
of
theCouncil of
Ministers
Yeremenke from
his
position
"in
connection
with
his appointment
as
Chairman
of
the
Ukrainian
Industrial
Council Administration."
writer
who
had
previously been quite prominent in Party andState
affairs,
but
who
had
been critic'lzed
on
severel occasions
.
for having
allowed
"bourgeois nationalist" tendencies to
appear
in his
writings.
Both
he
and
his
wife,
the
Polish-born writer
V.
Vasflevskaya,
had
been criticized
on
this
socount
by
Melnikov
himself
at
the
17th
Congress
of
the Ukrainian CommunistParty
in
September,
1952.
that
Kbrneichuk
an8
his
wife
were
both guilty
of
"gross
ldeologlcaldefects
and
deviatlons
from
historical truth..,in their libretto
of
the opera
'Bogdan
ghmelnitski'."
While
generally adhering
rather
closely to
the
line
laid
downby the Moscow press, Ukrainian papers during this
period
reflected
On
10
Aprlk,
An
important
On
that
date,
the
Ukrainian
Supreme
Soviet appointed
The
new
Ikputy
Premier,
Korneichuk,
was
an
official and
a
At
that
time,
Melnikov
had
stated
-1-
L
-
I
I
I
1
I
I
!
'I
I
~
I
I
I
I
!
I
I
!
1
 
.
:
several interesting trends which help put Melnikov's removal
in
perspective.In one respect, the Iqkrainian press
did
not follow
'
the Moscow line; following the death of Stalin and until13 March,the Soviet press generally, led
by
Pravda an8 Izvestia, began
to
give Malenkov
a
buildup
similar
to
that
used for Stalixi.
As
mentioned above, the new Soviet Premier
was
liberally quoted inevery
issue,
and quotations from his speeches were set in
a
boldface type previously reserved for
similar
quotations
f'rom
Stalin.
On
13
Mrch, the central press, and partimlarly Pravda,
abruptly
stomed
this
practice in favor
of
the
new, collective
'
approach to the Soviet leadership.
The
Ukrainian press, however,continued to give exceptional treatment to Malenkov
at
leastuntil the
end
of
March.tion of allegiance to him by the Ukrainian Party under Melnlkov'sleadership. The halting of this procedure by the Ukrainian press
nay
have been dhe to pressure
on
the
pprt of
an
anti-Xalenkovfaction in Moscow.the personal request of Malenkov, assuming
that
he
was
in accordwith the collective leadership line forthe
time
being.
In
early
June,
Ukrainian
papers
began to feature articleswhich foreshadowed the removal of Melnikov
on
the
12thof
that
month, On
5
June, the official Ukrainian newspaper apoLozizedin
a
front page editorial for
its'm
"smear"
of
the
UkrainianMinistry
of
Health
on
20
February, during the height of thevigilance campaign.HealthMinistry for tolerating unethical'practices, employingprofessionally incompetent practitioners, and failing
to
eliminatenepotism, bureaucracy and corruption in certain hospitals.of the officials singled out
in
the
article'had Jewish
names.
The
5
June editorial
stated
that
the previous article
had
"smeared
a
large group of honest health officials and reflected erroneousviews incompatible
with
national policy, the Communist Party andSoviet ideology.
"
This
may
have been an indirect declara-
On
the other'hand,
it
nay
have occurred
at
The February article
had
castigated the
bst
This
was
a
clear repudiation of an anti-Jewish artfcle;
it
was traceable to the reversal of
the
doctors'plot in early
.
nationalities policy" arose in short order
In
connection
with
newspaper criticism
of
,the trainlng of PayV propagandists.
On
3
June, Party officials were scored for not having paidproper attention to the theoretical training of propagandistsand for having delegated responsibillty for
the
selection
and
trainiq
of
propagandists
to
lower
Party organization ratherthan maintaining centralized control in these matters.
.
Aprll.
Additional criticism of "viobtors of the Soviet
-2-

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