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Chuong 5 - Hien Tuong Be Mat, Hap Phu

Chuong 5 - Hien Tuong Be Mat, Hap Phu

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Published by: api-3703605 on Oct 14, 2008
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03/18/2014

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HI\u1ec6N T\u01af\u1ee2NG B\u1ec0 M\u1eb6T - H\u1ea4P PH\u1ee4

\u2022Hi\u1ec7n t\u01b0\u1ee3ng b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t (ph\u00e2n c\u00e1ch gi\u1eefa c\u00e1c pha)
\u2022H\u1ea5p ph\u1ee5 (kh\u00e1c h\u1ea5p th\u1ee5?)
\u2022B\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t ri\u00eang
\u2022H\u1ec7 ph\u00e2n t\u00e1n
\u2022K\u00edch th\u01b0\u1edbc ti\u1ec3u ph\u00e2n ph\u00e2n t\u00e1n (ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh:

pp r\u00e2y, pp k\u00ednh hi\u1ec3n vi, pp sa l\u1eafng)
\u2022N\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1ed9 pha ph\u00e2n t\u00e1n (%KL/KL, n/V\u2026)
\u2022S\u1ee9c c\u0103ng b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t N\u0103ng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t

\u0431 = F/2l
G = \u0431.s
HP v\u1eadt l\u00fd v\u00e0 HP ho\u00e1 h\u1ecdc lu\u00f4n \u0111i k\u00e8m nhau
H\u1ea4P PH\u1ee4 TR\u00caN B\u1ec0 M\u1eb6T R\u1eaeN
PH\u00c2N BI\u1ec6T 3 LO\u1ea0I H\u1ea4P PH\u1ee4
H\u1ea4P PH\u1ee4 V\u1eacT L\u00dd
H\u1ea4P PH\u1ee4 HO\u00c1 H\u1eccC
\u2022L\u1ef1c h\u1ea5p ph\u1ee5: v\u1eadt l\u00fd
L\u1ef1c h\u1ea5p ph\u1ee5: ho\u00e1 h\u1ecdc
(l\u1ef1c Van Der Waals)
(l\u1ef1c li\u00ean k\u1ebft ho\u00e1 h\u1ecdc)
\u2022Nhi\u1ec7t h\u1ea5p ph\u1ee5 v\u00e0i Kcal/mol
Nhi\u1ec7t ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng ho\u00e1 h\u1ecdc l\u1edbn
\u2022HP c\u00f3 t\u00ednh thu\u1eadn ngh\u1ecbch
HP kh\u00f4ng thu\u1eadn ngh\u1ecbch
\u2022T\u1ed1c \u0111\u1ed9 h\u1ea5p ph\u1ee5 nhanh
T\u1ed1c \u0111\u1ed9 h\u1ea5p ph\u1ee5 ch\u1eadm
\u2022Nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 t\u0103ng, HP gi\u1ea3m
Nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 t\u0103ng, HP t\u0103ng
\u2022
H\u1ea4P PH\u1ee4 TRAO \u0110\u1ed4I ION
\u2022HP ho\u00e1 h\u1ecdc \u0111\u1ed3ng th\u1eddi v\u1edbi ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng trao \u0111\u1ed5i ion tr\u00ean b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t
r\u1eafn - l\u1ecfng
4
3
H, acid y\u1ebfu -COOH, -OH)
Anionit (base m\u1ea1nh R
H\u1ea4P PH\u1ee4 TRAO \u0110\u1ed4I ION
CH\u1ea4T HP TRAO \u0110\u1ed4I ION: (\u0111\u1eb7c \u0111i\u1ec3m, ph\u00e2n lo\u1ea1i, dung l\u01b0\u1ee3ng trao
\u0111\u1ed5i ion)
\u2022Ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1 g\u1ed3m 2 ph\u1ea7n:

Khung polyme kh\u00f4ng tan + Nh\u00f3m ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng g\u1eafn tr\u00ean khung
X\u1ed1p, nhi\u1ec1u mao qu\u1ea3n + Nhi\u1ec1u nh\u00f3m H\u0110 dung l\u01b0\u1ee3ng T\u0110 ion l\u1edbn
\u2022Ph\u00e2n lo\u1ea1i: Cationit (acid m\u1ea1nh -SO

NOH, base y\u1ebfu R
3
NHOH)
B\u1ea2N CH\u1ea4T H\u1ea4P PH\u1ee4 TRAO \u0110\u1ed4I ION:
\u2022HP ho\u00e1 h\u1ecdc (HP ion ch\u1ea5t tan t\u1eeb dung d\u1ecbch l\u00ean b\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t r\u1eafn, l\u1ef1c
HP l\u00e0 l\u1ef1c li\u00ean k\u1ebft ho\u00e1 h\u1ecdc)
\u2022Ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng trao \u0111\u1ed5i ion tr\u00ean b\u1ec1m\u1eb7t r\u1eafn - l\u1ecfng x\u1ea3y ra \u0111\u1ed3ng th\u1eddi
v\u1edbi s\u1ef1 HP ion

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