Network Protocols and
Architectures of Mobile Radio
An introductory lecture for pre- and
postgraduate students of Electrical
The GSM Association\u2019s membership
consists of more than 690 second (400+ )
and third generation wireless network
operators and key manufacturers and
suppliers to the wireless industry. Its
members provide digital wireless
services to more than 777.5 million
customers (end November 2002) in over
In war thorn countries (like Afghanistan, Yugoslavia) GSM was
the first telecom infrastructure readily and publicly available
within 6 months. (biggest problems: theft of BTSs, charging).
Wireless systems have been instrumental for the deregulation
of telecom markets: Easy to establish competition between
operators, leading to massive price reductions\u2026
The services and facilities offered in PSTN/ISDN and other
public networks should as far as possible be available in the
mobile system. The system shall also offer additional facilities,
taking into account the special nature of mobile
It should be possible for mobile stations belonging to the system
to be used on board ships, as an extension to the land mobile
service. Aeronautical use of GSM mobile stations should be
In addition to vehicle-mounted stations, the system shall be capable of providing service for handheld stations and other categories of mobile stations.
From the subscriber\u2019s point of view, the quality for voice
telephony in the GSM system shall be at least as good as that
achieved by the first generation of 900 MHz analogue systems
over the range of practical operating conditions.
The system shall be capable of offering encryption of user
information but any such facility should not have a significant
influence on the costs of those parts of the system used by
mobile subscribers who do not require such facility.
The system concept to be chosen shall permit a high level of
spectrum efficiency and state-of-the-art subscriber facilities at a
reasonable cost, taking into account both urban and rural areas
and also development of new services.
For the interconnection of the mobile switching centres and location registers, an internationally standardised signalling system shall be used.
\u2026 describesfuncti ons, which are fulfilled through the co-
operation of severalm achines. \u201cAfunction is something to fulfil
\u201cFunction\u201d in technical literature often refers to some abstract
machine. So here its is used closer to the original meaning of the
Physical groupings (machines or entities) are represented by vertical blocks, whereas co-operating functions are grouped in horizontal layers, each one corresponding to a functional domain
in each plane,
3. Description of event sequences (dynamic view)
Additionally a stepwise , top down process of splitting the system into
subsystem is used
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