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Understand Color (en)

Understand Color (en)

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Published by api-3704660
Atrybuty, skale, miernictwo.
\
Numeryczne wyrażenie barwy i przestrzenie.
Atrybuty, skale, miernictwo.
\
Numeryczne wyrażenie barwy i przestrzenie.

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Published by: api-3704660 on Oct 14, 2008
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03/18/2014

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A Guide to
Understanding
Color
Communication
1

Communicating Color. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Ways to Measure Color. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Integrated Color \u2013 Throughout the Supply Chain. . . . . . . . . . .4-5 Applications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Attributes of Color

Hue. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Chroma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Lightness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Scales for Measuring Color

The Munsell Scale. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 CIE Color Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-10 Chromaticity Values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Expressing Colors Numerically
CIELAB (L*a*b*). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
CIELCH (L*C*h\u00b0). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
Color Differences, Notation and Tolerancing

Delta CIELAB and CIELCH. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 CIE Color Space Notation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Visual Color and Tolerancing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 CIELAB Tolerancing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 CIELCH Tolerancing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 CMC Tolerancing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-17 CIE94 Tolerancing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Visual Assessment vs. Instrumental. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Choosing the Right Tolerance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Other Color Expressions
White and Yellow Indices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20-24
Table of
Contents
\u00a9 X-Rite, Incorporated 2002
2

How would you describe the color
of this rose? Would you say it\u2019s
yellow, sort of lemon yellow or
maybe a bright canary yellow?

Your perception and interpretation
of color are highly subjective. Eye
fatigue, age and other physiolog-
ical factors can influence your
color perception.

But even without such physical
considerations, each observer
interprets color based on personal
references. Each person also
verbally defines an object\u2019s color

differently.

As a result, objectively communi-
cating a particular color to
someone without some type of
standard is difficult. There also
must be a way to compare one
color to the next with accuracy.

The solution is a measuring instru-
ment that explicitly identifies a
color. That is, an instrument that
differentiates a color from all
others and assigns it a numeric

value.
Communicating
Color

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