AFRICAN SUMMIT ON ROLL BACK MALARIA
24-25 APRIL 2000
NICON HILTON HOTEL
THE MALARIA SCOURGE
Malaria accounts for about 10% of Africa\u2019s disease burden and more than one
million deaths every year.
A child dies every 30seconds as a result of malaria. The majority who die are
children of Africa.
Malaria prevents children from attending school and retards children\u2019s learning.
Women are four times as likely to suffer from malaria during pregnancy than at
any other time resulting in low-birth babies, miscarriages and still-births.
BURDEN OF MALARIA ON PRODUCTIVITY
Malaria worsens the poverty of African nations:
- It prevents adults from working; malaria patients can be ill for 5 to 20 days
at a time.
- Families spend an average of one-quarter of their income on malaria
The cost of malaria control and treatment drains African nations south of the
Sahara spent over US $2 billion on malaria control.
In June 1997 African Heads of State signed the Harare Declaration on Malaria.
In 1998 the African initiative on Malaria was endorsed by the African
Development Bank (ADB), the World Bank, UNICEF, UNDP and the World
Bank launched the Roll Back Malaria Initiative.
Since 1998, UNICEF has promoted the use of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) in
Nigeria. Over 32,000 ITNs have been supplied to 10,664 households.
To further concretize these achievements, President Olusegun Obasanjo of
Nigeria initiated the African Summit on Roll Back Malaria to be held in Abuja,
Nigeria from 24-25 April 2000.
WHAT IS ROLL BACK MALARIA?
The Roll Back Malaria partnership is a new social movement that aims at building and
strengthening the capacity of health services to help communities tackle the malaria
problems. It focuses special attention on women and children in poor communities. RBM
is predicated on the following principles:
People at risk can prevent malaria, if they sleep under insecticide treated mosquito
Pregnant women can take medicines to prevent and treat malaria.