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IRPS 128 Evaluation 0f 12 Insecticides Against Green Leafhopper for Preventing Rice Tungro Virus Disease

IRPS 128 Evaluation 0f 12 Insecticides Against Green Leafhopper for Preventing Rice Tungro Virus Disease

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Published by CPS_IRRI
IRPS 128, October 1987
IRPS 128, October 1987

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: CPS_IRRI on Sep 22, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/03/2011

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Evaluationof12insecticidesagainstgreenleafhopperforpreventingricetungrovirusdisease!
R.
F.
Macatula,"S.
L.
Valencia/andO.Mochida'
AHSTRACT
Laboratoryandfieldtrialswereconductedfrom1984to1986atIRRItodeterminetheeffectofvariousinsecticidesagainstgreenleafhopper(GLH)andinpreventingricetungrovirus(RTV)drsease.Inlaboratorytests,12insecticides-4syntheticpyrethroids(alphamethrin,cypermethrin,deltamethrin,andetho-fenprox),4organophosphates(acephate,monocrotophos,phosphamidon,andtriazophos),and4carbamates(BPMC,carbaryl,MIPC,andMTMC)-weretestedat0.15%aiforconventionalinsecticidesand0.01%aiforpyrethroids(exceptdeltamethrinat0.005%ai)asfoliarspraysandbythecontacttoxicitytestusingricecultivarTaichungNative1(TN1).TwentyGLHadultswerecagedafterinsecticidetreatment,andmortalityreadingswererecordedat1-24haftertreatment(HAT)withfoliarspraysandat5-60minaftertreatment(MAT)incontacttoxicitytests.Sixinsecticides-alpharnethrin,cypermethrin,deltamethrin,ethofenprox,rnonocrotophos,andMIPC-werefurthertestedinfieldexperimentstoassessGLHpopulation,levelofRTVinfection,andtimingandfrequencyofinsecticideapplicationas4-8foliarspraysat0.01
25-0A
kgailhaat10-dintervalsusing21-d-oldseedlingsofresistant(IR64),moderatelyresistant(IR42),andsusceptible(TN1orIR22)cultivars.Ofthe12insecticidestested,2organophosphates
(rnonocrotophos
andtriazophos)and4carbamates(BPMC,carbaryl,MIPC,andMTMC)gavehigheradultmortalities(73-86%)atIdaftertreatment(OAT)thantheuntreatedcontrol(1-3%),whereas3pyrethroids(cypermethrin,deltamethrin,andetho-fenprox)gavehigheradultmortalityandaquickerknockdowneffect(100%)atIHATthananyofthe8conventionalinsecticidesasfoliarsprays.Sixinsecticides(cypermethrin,deltamethrin,ethofenprox,triazophos,BPMC,andMTMC)gave75-100%mortalityat48HATincontacttoxicitytests.Infieldtests,significantlyloweradultandnymphalpopulationsandRTV-infectedhillswereobservedinplotstreatedwitheithercypermethrin,delta-methrin,orethofenproxthanintheuntreatedcontrol.CypermethrinshowedthelowestRTVinfection(10%)at60daftertransplanting(OT).TimingandfrequencyofinsecticideapplicationaffectedRTVincidence.Firstapplicationsat1,5,andlOOTproducedRTV-infectedhillsat60OTof5.2,
7A,
and31.0%incyperrnethrin;7
A,
12.3,and41.0%inmonocrotophos;and
30A%
intheuntreatedcontrol(IR64).However,timingofapplicationdidnotaffectRTVincidenceonTNIexceptinplotstreatedwithcypermethrinatIOT.Threespraysofcypermethrinormonocrotophosand4ofMIPCat10-dintervalsstartingat5OTsignificantlyreducedRTVinfectioninIR42.
'ThisreportisbasedontheseniorauthorxMSthesis"Evaluationof12insecticiclesagainstgreenleafhopper
Ncphotenix
\'ir('S('('I1.1'
(Distant)(H
ornoptcra:
Cicadcllidac)forpreventingricetungrovirusdisease,",'R,'scarchassistantandseniorresearchassistant.EntomologvDepartment.InternationalRiceResearchInstitute.P.0Box9-'3.Manila.Philippines'FormercruomotogistlRRI(Currentaddress:TropicalAgricultureResearchCenter.Ibaraki-ken.Tukuba-gun,Yarabe-Tyo.Oowasi2-1,305,Japan),

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