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Oracle DBA Ppt

Oracle DBA Ppt

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Published by: api-3702030 on Oct 14, 2008
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03/18/2014

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Oracle Database Administration I 
1
Oracle Database Administration I
Lesson 1Oracle Server Architecture
2
Overview
u
Set of data to store and access information
u
Based on a relational model of rows and columns stored in tables
u
Also Object-oriented (OO) structures
n
Abstract datatypes and methods
u
Contains these components:
n
Physical
n
Memory
n
Process
3
Oracle’s Overall Role
u
Retrieve data
u
File I/O
u
Space Management
u
Change Management
u
Access Management
 
Oracle Database Administration I 
4
Database Structure
u
Data file(s)
u
Control file(s)
u
Redo logs
u
Init.ora (spfile.ora – 9i)
u
Trace
u
Alert log
u
Password
5
Instance Structure
u
Memory structures are allocated
n
Collectively known as System Global Area.
n
95% defined by data block buffer cache, Shared SQL Pool, Large Pooland Java Pool.
u
Oracle background processes are started.
u
Single database accessible by multiple instances – RAC (RealApplication Cluster) a.k.a. parallel server
6
Instance Defined
u
Defined by initialization parameter(s) that determine the sizeand composition
u
Can be dynamically altered
u
initSID.ora (ascii file)
u
spfileSID.ora (binary file)
u
configSID.ora (
usually only used to create a database – notwidely used)
 
Oracle Database Administration I 
7
Oracle Instance
u
Composed of:
n
SGA (System Global Area)
n
PGA (Program Global Area)
n
Oracle BACKGROUND processes
8
System Global Area (SGA)
u
Shared memory region allocated by Oracle for anOracle database
u
Allocated when the Oracle database is started
u
The SGA should be in non-paged, non-swappedmemory
9
SGA Composition
u
Buffer cache
u
Shared SQL Pool
u
Large pool (optional)
u
Java pool
u
Redo log buffer
u
Dictionary cache
u
Other miscellaneous items

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