What is Archaeology?
Archaeology is the study of human society, primarily through the recovery and analysis of thematerial culture and environmental data that they have left behind, which includes artifacts,architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes (the archaeologicalrecord). Because archaeology employs a wide range of different procedures, it can be considered to be a study of both science andhumanity, and in the United States it is thought of as a branch of anthropology, although in Europe it is viewed as a separate discipline.
Archaeology studies human history from the development of the first stone tools in easternAfrica 3.4 million years ago up to recent decades. It is of most importance for gaining knowledgeabout prehistoric societies, when there were no written records for historians to study, making upover 99% of total human history, from the Paleolithic until theadvent of literacy in any given society. Archaeology has variousdifferent goals, which range from studying human evolution tocultural evolution and understanding culture history. Archaeologicalguides help us to reach those prehistoric days when the civilizationwas born.