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Homework in power electronics

# Homework in power electronics

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TRAINING QUESTIONS IN POWER ELECTRONICS/F37, GTHS K’BO PAPER ONE: JANUARY 2011
THEME : NON CONTROLLED RECTIFICATION

Exercise 1: Filtering Let’s consider the following circuit figure:
D

u (t ) = 350 2 sin 100πt R = 2500Ω C = 8µ F

1. Determine the time t1 at which the
u(t)
R C

diode will start to conduct and the time t2 at which it will stop conducting

2. Represent the waveform of the voltage across the load R. Deduce the maximal reverse voltage across the diode. 3. Represent the waveform of
TRAINING QUESTIONS IN POWER ELECTRONICS/F37, GTHS K’BO PAPER ONE: JANUARY 2011
THEME : NON CONTROLLED RECTIFICATION

Exercise 1: Filtering Let’s consider the following circuit figure:
D

u (t ) = 350 2 sin 100πt R = 2500Ω C = 8µ F

1. Determine the time t1 at which the
u(t)
R C

diode will start to conduct and the time t2 at which it will stop conducting

2. Represent the waveform of the voltage across the load R. Deduce the maximal reverse voltage across the diode. 3. Represent the waveform of

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03/19/2013

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1
THEME : NON CONTROLLED RECTIFICATIONExercise 1
: FilteringLet’s consider the following circuit figure:
R CD
u(t)
2. Represent the waveform of the voltage across the load R. Deduce themaximal reverse voltage across the diode.3. Represent the waveform of the current flowing through the diode. Deduce themaximal current through it.4. Calculate the average load voltage and the average load current. Comparethe average load current to the maximal current calculated above.5. Calculate the undulation rate and the form factor of the voltage across theload.
Exercise 2
: Non controlled triphase rectifierA triphase transformer whose secondary is connected in star deliver a triphasevoltage to a rectifier. For each phase, the effective voltage is 220V.The frequency is50Hz; R = 10

D1D2D3R
NABCKV1V2V3UL
4. Calculate the effective current through each diode.5. Determine the maximal current supported by each diode.6. Determine the form factor of the load voltage and the frequency of theundulation across the load.
TRAINING QUESTIONS IN POWER ELECTRONICS/F
3
7, GTHS K’BOPAPER ONE: JANUARY 2011
Ru
µ π
82500100sin2350)(
===

1. Determine the time t
1
at which thediode will start to conduct and thetime t
2
at which it will stopconducting1. Determine the averageload voltage.2. Determine the averagecurrent through each diode.3. Calculate the effective loadvoltage

2
7. Calculate the maximal reverse voltage across a diode.
Exercise 3
: Graetz BridgeLet’s consider the following circuit.
TRLE
u(t)ULIL
3. Determine the values of IL and E assuming that the voltage drop across theresistor is equal to 10% of the load voltage UL.4. Represent the waveform of the reverse voltage across a diode. Deduce themaximal reverse voltage across a diode.5. Determine the value of L for which the undulation rate is 5%.6. Determine the value of E for which the conduction is uninterrupted.
Exercise 4
: Stabilisation with Zener diodeLet’s consider the figure below, where an oscilloscope is used to visualise thewaveform of the voltage across the load R.
DR
u(t) Ur
1. Draw the waveform of the load voltage observed on the oscilloscope.2. Calculate the value of the resistance R that permits to limit the forward currentat 50mA.3. Using the resistance calculated above, determine the maximal reverse current.4. We have a resistor Ro = 300
, 1Watt.a) Determine the maximal current that the resistor can withstand.b) Can we use this resistor for our circuit?
==
5.0cos120)(
Ru

1. Explain the functioning of thebridge.2. Represent the waveform ofthe load voltage andcalculate its average value.
u
ω
sin210)(
=

The Zener diode has the followingcharacteristics.
Zener voltage : Uz = 10V
Maximal forward current: 50mA.
Maximal reverse voltage: 50mA

3
5. Determine the instant t
1
at which the diode will begin to conduct and the time t
2
at which it will stop conducting within a period (t
1
and t
2
should be expressedas function of the period T).6. Can we use that diode as a rectifier diode?
Exercise 5
: Battery charging.Consider the circuit below. The diodes are supposed to be perfect.
D4 D1D3 D2R
uiv(t)
2.3 The average current flowing through a diode.2.4 The effective load current.2.5 The effective current flowing through a diode.3. The load R is replaced by a battery having an emf E = 12V and an internalresistance r = 2
. The battery is being charged by the rectifier.3.1 Determine the conduction angle of the diode (it’s angle covered during theconduction).3.2 Determine the maximal current flowing through the load.3.3 Determine the average load current.3.4 The capacity of the battery is assumed to be equal to 30Ah. Determine the time t
c
required for the battery charging.
Exercise 6
: DC motor supplyA single phase Graetz bridge is used to supply a DC motor. The bridge itself issupplied by a sine voltage having an effective value of 220V, under a frequency of50Hz. The back emf
of the motor is related to its speed
through the followingrelationship:
E = kn
, where k = 0.20V.tr
-1
.min. The current through the load is filteredby an inductor whose value is so great that the current can be considered asconstant and equal to 10A. The internal resistance of the motor is 2.5
. Determine:1. The effective load current.2. The average current in a diode1. The average load voltage is equal to 15V.Calculate the effective value of the supplyvoltage v(t).2. The load resistance is assumed to be equal to10
. Determine:2.1 The average load current.2.2 The maximal current flowing through a diode