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PHD Thesis HaoLU

PHD Thesis HaoLU

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ONE-EQUATION LES MODELING OF
ROTATING TURBULENCE
by
Hao Lu
A dissertation submitted in partial ful\ufb01llment of
the requirements for the degree of
Doctor of Philosophy
(Mechanical Engineering)
at the
UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN - MADISON
2007
i
ONE-EQUATION LES MODELING OF ROTATING
TURBULENCE

Hao Lu
Under the Supervision of Professor Christopher J. Rutland
and Professor Leslie M. Smith
at the University of Wisconsin - Madison

Rotating turbulence provides a simple con\ufb01guration to study characteristic fea- tures and turbulent model performance in anisotropic turbulence. It has been ob- served in experiments and Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) that rotating tur- bulence has many distinctive qualities, such as reduced kinetic energy dissipation, reverse kinetic energy transfer from small scales to large scales, quasi 2D \ufb02ow at large scales, and cyclone/anti-cyclone asymmetry. A successful subgrid scale (SGS) model should be able to capture these features, and the challenge is to simultaneously re\ufb02ect the anisotropic 3D nature of small scales and the primarily 2D nature of larger scales.

A-prioritests and a-posterioritests were carried out to examine model performance.
A-prioritests of models were performed using DNS results for forced isotropic

and rotating turbulence. A range of models were tested varying from algebraic, gradient, and scale similarity, to one-equation viscosity and non-viscosity dynamic structure models. Anisotropy and Material Frame Indi\ufb00erence (MFI) requirements for models in rotating systems were reviewed and used to help construct new models based on the dynamic structure approach. The models were evaluated primarily us- ing correlation and regression coe\ufb03cients of individual components of the SGS tensor, components of the divergence of the SGS stresses, and the SGS energy production

ii
term. For all measures examined, the MFI-consistent dynamic structure models per-
form signi\ufb01cantly better, especially for rotating turbulence.

At thea-posteriori test level, we evaluated models using two \ufb02ow con\ufb01gura- tions: (i) homogeneous decaying turbulence; and (ii) rotating turbulence forced at large or intermediate scales. Testing was done for the \ufb01rst con\ufb01guration through a systematic comparison between DNS results and large eddy simulation results at lower resolutions. The results were then analyzed in terms of several representative characteristics, including resolved kinetic energy, SGS energy production, molecular dissipation, and kinetic energy spectrum. The new models showed more accurate results than traditional models for almost all of these characteristics. The second con\ufb01guration concerns the characteristic features of rotating turbulence. Again, com- pared to traditional models, the new models were better able to capture essential features of rotating turbulence.

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