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Planning Your Engineering Drawing

Planning Your Engineering Drawing

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03/18/2014

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Planning your engineering drawing
Before starting your engineering drawing you should plan how you are going to make best use of the space. It is important to think about the number of views your drawing will have and howmuch space you will use of the paper.
Try to make maximum use of the available space.
If a view has lots of detail, try and make that view as large as possible. If necessary, drawthat view on a separate sheet.
If you intend to add dimensions to the drawing, remember to leave enough space aroundthe drawing for them to be added later.
If you are working with inks on film, plan the order in which you are drawing the lines. Forexample you don't want to have to place your ruler on wet ink
Lines and line styles
In the first tutorial we learnt how to create simple shapes using the
place line
tool. The lines wecreated were all of the same thickness and type. But lines on an engineering drawing signify morethan just the geometry of the object and it is important that you use the appropriate line types.
Line Thickness
For most engineering drawings you will require two thickness', a thick and thin line. The generalrecommendation are that thick lines are twice as thick as thin lines.A thick continuous line is used for visible edges and outlines.A thin line is used for hatching, leader lines, short centre lines,dimensions and projections.
Line Styles
Other line styles used to clarify important features on drawings are:
Thin
chain lines are a common feature on engineering drawings usedto indicate centre lines. Centre lines are used to identify the centre of a circle, cylindrical features, or a line of symmetry. Centre lines willbe covered in a little bit more detail later in this tutorial.Dashed lines are used to show important hidden detail for examplewall thickness and holes..
Page last updated byPaul Hudson
Dimensioning - An Overview
A dimensioned drawing should provide all the information necessary for a finished product or partto be manufactured. An example dimension is shown below.
 
Dimensions are always drawn using continuous thin lines. Two projection lines indicate where thedimension starts and finishes. Projection lines do not touch the object and are drawnperpendicular to the element you are dimensioning.In general units can be omitted from dimensions if a statement of the units is included on yourdrawing. The general convention is to dimension in mm's.All dimensions less than 1 should have a leading zero. i.e. .35 should be written as 0.35
Lettering
All notes and dimensions should be clear and easy to read. In general all notes should be writtenin capital letters to aid legibility. All lettering should be of the same size and preferably no smallerthan 3mm. An example typeface is shown below.
Parallel Dimensioning
Parallel dimensioning consists of several dimensions originatingfrom one projection line.
 
Superimposed RunningDimensions
Superimposed runningdimensioning simplifies paralleldimensions in order to reducethe space used on a drawing.The common origin for thedimension lines is indicated by asmall circle at the intersectionof the first dimension and theprojection line. In general allother dimension lines arebroken.The dimension note can appearabove the dimension line or in-line with the projection line
Chain Dimensioning
Chains of dimension should onlybe used if the function of theobject won't be affected by theaccumulation of the tolerances.(A tolerance is an indication of the accuracy the product has tobe made to. Tolerance will becovered later in this chapter).
Combined Dimensions
A combined dimension usesboth chain and paralleldimensioning.

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