Planning your engineering drawing
Before starting your engineering drawing you should plan how you are going to make best use of the space. It is important to think about the number of views your drawing will have and howmuch space you will use of the paper.
Try to make maximum use of the available space.
If a view has lots of detail, try and make that view as large as possible. If necessary, drawthat view on a separate sheet.
If you intend to add dimensions to the drawing, remember to leave enough space aroundthe drawing for them to be added later.
If you are working with inks on film, plan the order in which you are drawing the lines. Forexample you don't want to have to place your ruler on wet ink
Lines and line styles
In the first tutorial we learnt how to create simple shapes using the
tool. The lines wecreated were all of the same thickness and type. But lines on an engineering drawing signify morethan just the geometry of the object and it is important that you use the appropriate line types.
For most engineering drawings you will require two thickness', a thick and thin line. The generalrecommendation are that thick lines are twice as thick as thin lines.A thick continuous line is used for visible edges and outlines.A thin line is used for hatching, leader lines, short centre lines,dimensions and projections.
Other line styles used to clarify important features on drawings are:
chain lines are a common feature on engineering drawings usedto indicate centre lines. Centre lines are used to identify the centre of a circle, cylindrical features, or a line of symmetry. Centre lines willbe covered in a little bit more detail later in this tutorial.Dashed lines are used to show important hidden detail for examplewall thickness and holes..
Dimensioning - An Overview
A dimensioned drawing should provide all the information necessary for a finished product or partto be manufactured. An example dimension is shown below.