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Probability Questions

Probability Questions

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03/18/2014

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Questions on Probability

1. If three cards are drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards what is the probability that all the three will be kings?

2. Find the probability that at least one head appears in
two tosses of a coin.

3. A ball is drawn at random from a box containing 6 red balls, 5 white balls and 3 blue balls. Find the probability that it is (i) red; (ii) white; (iii) blue, (iv) not red; (v) red or white.

4. A box contains 8 red and 3 white balls. If 3 balls are drawn at random, find the probability that (i) all the three are red; (ii) all three are white; (iii) 2 are red and 1 is white.

5. A bag contains 3 white balls, 4 black balls and 5 red balls. If 3 balls are drawn at random find the probability that (I) all 3 are red; (ii) all 3 are black' (iii) 2 are red and 1 is black; (iv) 1 of each colour.

6. If four coins are tossed, find the probability of the
occurrence of 2 heads and 2 tails.

7. Five cards are drawn from a pack of 52 well shuffled cards. Find the probability that (i) 4 are aces; (ii) 4 are aces and 1 is a king; (ii) 3 are tens and 2 are jacks; (iv) at least one face card us obtained.

8. A committee of 4 boys and 3 girls is to be formed by
lots from 8 boys and 5 girls. One of the boys is brother
of one of the girls. Find the probability that both are
included in the committee.

9. Three groups of children contain (i) 3 girls and 1 boy; (ii) 3 girls and 3 boys; (iii) 2 boys and 1 girl. One child is selected at random from each group. Find the probability that the three selected children comprise of 1 girl and 2 boys.

10. Five coins are tossed simultaneously. Find the
probability that all of them do not give heads.

11. If out of 100 tosses of a coin, 56 were heads, find the probability that a tail appears in the next toss of the coin.

12. Ninety balls are numbered from 1 to 90. Five balls are taken at random. What is the probability that there is at least one ball with a one-digit number?

13. Two dice are thrown. Find the probability that the sum
of the numbers on the uppermost faces is either even
or perfect square.

14. A bag contains 6 red, 5 blue, 3 white and 4 black balls. A ball is drawn at random. Find the probability that the ball drawn is red, blue or black.

15. Not scored.

16. One ticket is drawn at random from a lot of 20 tickets numbered from 1 to 20. What is the probability that the number on the ticket drawn is divisible by (I) 2 or 3 (ii) 3 or 7

17. A card is drawn from an ordinary deck of 52 well-
shuffled cards. Find the probability that it is
(i)
neither red nor an ace; (ii) neither the ten of clubs nor
an ace.

18. In a class of 100 students, 60 drink tea, 50 drink coffee and 30 drink both tea and coffee. A student from this class is selected at random. What is the probability that the student takes (i) at least one of the two drinks, (ii) only one of the drinks?

19. A marble is drawn at random from a box containing 10 red, 30 white, 20 blue and 15 orange marbles. Find the probability that it is (I) red or orange, (ii) neither red nor blue, (iii) not blue (iv) white, (v) red, white or blue.

20.Out of 80 students in a class, 30 passed in

Mathematics, 20 passed in Statistics and 10 passed in both. One student is selected at random. Find the probability that he has passed, (I) at least in one of the subjects, (ii) none of the subjects, (iii) only in Mathematics, (iv) only in Mathematics or only in

Statistics.

21. A die is thrown twice. Find the probability that the score in the first throw is 6 and the score in the second throw is 5 or 6.

22. Suppose two dice are cast. Find the probability that the number on the uppermost face of the first die is even and that of the second is odd.

23. A fair die is tossed twice. Find the probability of getting 4, 5 or 6 on the first toss and 1, 2, 3, or 4 on the second toss.

24. A card is drawn at random from a full pack of cards under the assumption that the card drawn is a spade. Find the probability that it is a face card i.e. King, Queen or jack.

25. Two cards are drawn are from a well shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability that they are both aces if the first card is (i) replaced, (ii) not replaced.

26. One bag contains 4 white and 2 black balls, another contains 3 white 5 black balls. If one ball is drawn from each bag. Find the probability that (i) both are white, (ii) both are black

27. A box contains 8 tickets bearing the numbers 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10. One ticket is drawn at random and kept aside, then the second is drawn. Find the probability that the both the tickets show odd numbers.

28. P can hit a target 4 times in 5 shots, Q, 3 times in 4 shots and R, twice in 3 shots,. They fire simultaneously. What is the probability that at least 2 shots hit?

29. A box contains 10 radio valves of which 4 are defective. Find the probability that if two valves are taken from the box, they are both defective.

30. A purse contains 2 silver coins and 4 copper coins and another contains 4 silver coins and 3 copper coins. If a coin is selected at random from one of the two purses what the probability that it is a silver coin?

31. The probability that A can solve a problem is 4/5, that B can solve it is 2/3 and that C can solve it is 3/7. If all of them try independently, find the probability that the problem will be solved.

32. The odds that a book will be favourably reviewed by three independent critics are 3 to 2, 4 to 3 and 2 to 3 respectively. What is the probability that of the three reviews majority will be favourable?

33. The odds against A solving a problem are 8 to 6 and odds in favour of B solving the same problem are 14 to 16. If both of them try the problem, what is the probability that (i) the problem will be solved, (ii) both A and B will solve the problem?

34. The Probability that a man will be alive after 25 years is 3/5 and the probability that his wife will be alive after 25 years is 2/3. Find the probability that (i) both will be alive, (ii) only the man will be alive, (iii) only the wife will be alive, (iv) at least one will be alive.

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