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Vedamu.org - Vedic Mathematics - Course
I ND EX
I . Wh y Ve di c Ma the ma tics ?
I I . Vedi c Mathematical Fo rm ul ae
Sutras
2. Nikhilam navatascaramam Dasatah
3.Urdhva - tiryagbhyam
4. Paravartya Yojayet

5. Sunyam Samya Samuccaye
6. Anurupye - Sunyamanyat
7. Sankalana - Vyavakalanabhyam

8. Puranapuranabhyam
9. Calana - Kalanabhyam
10. Ekanyunena Purvena
Upa - Sutras

1. Anurupyena
4. Antyayor Dasakepi
5. Antyayoreva
6. Lopana Sthapanabhyam
7. Vilokanam
8. Gunita Samuccayah : Samuccaya Gunitah

I I I Ve di c Ma the ma tics - A br ief ing

1. Terms and Operations
3. Multiplication
4. Division
5. Miscellaneous Items

I V Co nclusion
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Vedamu.org - Vedic Mathematics - Why Vedic Mathematics
Vedic Mathem at ics|Sutr as
EK\u0100 DH I KENA P\u016a RV E\u2022 A
The Sutra (formula) Ek\u0101dhikena P\u016brvena means: \u201cBy one more than the previous
one\u201d .
i) Sq ua re s of nu mb er s en di ng in 5 :
Now we relat e the sutra to the \u2018squaring of numbers ending in 5\u2019. Consider the
exam ple 252.
Here the number is 25. We have to find out the square of the number . For the

number 25, the last digit is 5 and the 'previous' digit is 2. Hence, 'one more than the previous one', that is, 2+ 1= 3. The Sutra, in this cont ext, gives the procedure 'to multiply the previous digit 2 by one more than itself, that is, by 3'. It becomes the L.H.S (left hand side) of the result, that is, 2 X 3 = 6. The R.H.S (right hand side) of the result is 52, that is, 25.

Thus 252 = 2X3/ 25 = 62 5.
In the same way,

352= 3 X (3+1) /25 = 3 X 4/ 25 = 1225;
652= 6X7/ 25 = 42 25 ;
1052= 10 X 11/25 = 11025;
1352= 13 X 14/25 = 18225;

Ap pl y the for mu la to find the sq ua re s of the nu mb er s 15 , 45 , 85 , 12 5,
17 5 an d ve ri fy the an sw er s.
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