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Rev_Ex_Ans

# Rev_Ex_Ans

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05/09/2014

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Revision Ex. Chapter 11
Page 1

Kwok Tak Seng Catholic Secondary School
F.3 Mathematics
Trigonometric Ratios and Applications of Trigonometry (II) \u2013 Revision Exercise

1
Prove the following identities without using a calculator.
(a)
cos 30\u00b0 sin 60\u00b0\u2212 cos 60\u00b0 sin 30\u00b0 =2
1
(b)
1\u2212 2 sin2 45\u00b0 = 2 cos2 45\u00b0\u2212 1
(c)
tan2 60\u00b0 \u2212 tan2 30\u00b0 =
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
60
sin
30
sin
60
cos
30
cos
2
2
2
2
\u2212
(a)
L.H.S. = cos 30\u00b0sin 60\u00b0 \u2212cos 60\u00b0sin 30\u00b0
=
2
1
2
1
23
23
\u00d7
\u2212
\u00d7
=
4
1
43\u2212
=
2
1
= R.H.S.
\u2234
cos 30\u00b0sin 60\u00b0 \u2212cos 60\u00b0sin 30\u00b0 \u22612
1
(b)L.H.S.=1\u22122 sin2 45\u00b0
=1\u2212
2
2
1
2
\ue004\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue001\ue002\ue000
=1\u22122\u00d72
1
=0
R.H.S. = 2 cos2 45\u00b0 \u22121
=
1
2
1
2
2
\u2212
\ue004\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue001\ue002\ue000
=
1
2
1
2
\u2212
\u00d7
=0
= L.H.S.
\u2234
1\u22122 sin2 45\u00b0 \u22612 cos2 45\u00b0 \u22121
Revision Ex. Chapter 11
Page 2
(c)
L.H.S. = tan2 60\u00b0 \u2212tan2 30\u00b0
=
2
2
3
1
)
3
(
\ue004\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue001\ue002\ue000
\u2212
=
3
1
3\u2212
=
3
8
R.H.S. =
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
60
sin
30
sin
60
cos
30
cos
2
2
2
2
\u2212
=
2
2
2
2
23
2
1
2
1
23
\ue004\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue001\ue002\ue000
\u00d7
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
\u2212
\ue004\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue001\ue002\ue000
=
43
4
1
4
1
43
\u00d7\u2212
=
16
32
1
=
3
16
2
1\u00d7
=
3
8
= L.H.S.
\u2234tan2 60\u00b0 \u2013 tan2 30\u00b0 \u2261
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
60
sin
30
sin
60
cos
30
cos
2
2
2
2
\u2212
2
As shown in the figure, ABCD is a parallelogram andABC
\u2220
= 45\u00b0.
(a)
Find the height of AE.
(b)
Find the area of ABCD.
(c)
Find the length of the diagonal AC.
(Give the answers correct to 3 significant figures.)
Revision Ex. Chapter 11
Page 3
(a)AB = DC = 15 cm
sin 75\u00b0=AB
AE

AE = 15\u00d7sin 75\u00b0
= 14.49
= 14.5 cm

(b)Area of ABCD = AE\u00d7BC
= 14.49\u00d719
= 275 cm2
(c)
BE = AB cos 75\u00b0
= 15 cos 75\u00b0
\u2234EC = BC \u2212BE
= 19\u221215 cos 75\u00b0
= 15.12 cm
Diagonal AC =
2
2
EC
AE+
(Pyth. Theorem)
=
2
2
12
.
15
49
.
14
+
= 20.9 cm
3
Simplify the following expressions.
(a)
x
x
2
2
sin
5
cos
3
5
\u2212
+
(b)
x
x
x
x
4
2
2
4
cos
cos
sin
2
sin
+
+
(a)
x
x
2
2
sin
5
cos
3
5
\u2212
+
=
)
cos
1
(
5
cos
3
5
2
2
x
x
\u2212
\u2212
+
=
x
x
2
2
cos
5
5
cos
3
5
+
\u2212
+
= 8 cos2x
(b)
x
x
x
x
4
2
2
4
cos
cos
sin
2
sin
+
+
=
2
2
2
2
2
2
)
(cos
)
)(cos
(sin
2
)
(sin
x
x
x
x
+
+
=
2
2
2
)
cos
(sin
x
x+
=12
=1
4
Simplify the following expressions.
(a)
x
xtan
sin
1
2
\u22c5
\u2212
(b)
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
tan
cos
sin
4
cos
tan
5
2
2
\u2212
(c)
)
cos
sin
)(tan
sin
cos
(tan
2
2
2
2
2
2
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u2212
\u2212
(a)
x
xtan
sin
1
2
\u22c5
\u2212
=
x
x
xcos
sin
cos2
\u22c5
= cosx
x
x
cos
sin
\u22c5
= sinx
(b)
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
tan
cos
sin
4
cos
tan
5
2
2
\u2212
=
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
cos
sin
cos
sin
4
cos
cos
sin
5
2
2
2
\u00d7
\u2212
\u00d7
\u00d7
=
\u03b8
\u03b8
2
2
sin
4
sin
5
\u2212
=
\u03b8
2
sin
(c)
)
cos
sin
)(tan
sin
cos
(tan
2
2
2
2
2
2
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u2212
\u2212
=
(
)
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
cos
sin
tan
sin
cos
cos
sin
\u2212
\ue004\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue001\ue002\ue000
\u2212
\u00d7
=
)
cos
sin
)(tan
sin
(sin
2
2
2
2
2
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u2212
\u2212
=
)
cos
sin
(tan
0
2
2
2
\u03b8
\u03b8
\u03b8\u2212
\u00d7
=0