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APUS Outline Chapters 30-33

APUS Outline Chapters 30-33

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Published by: api-3709436 on Oct 14, 2008
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Chapters 30-33 Outlines
Chapter 30
I. People

A) Woodrow Wilson
1) Professor
2) Governor of New Jersey
3) Was Democratic nominee and won election of 1912
4) Disliked \u201cdollar diplomacy\u201d, had a non-aggressive foreign policy,
favored small enterprise, and was against the \u201ctriple wall of
privilege\u201d: the tariff, banks, and trusts
5) Won election of 1916
6.) attempted to avoid war and maintain profitable neutrality
7.) finally had to ask Congress to declare war on April 2, 1917,

breaking the long period of American isolationism
8.)"a war to end all wars" and "to make the world safe for democracy"
9.) President's ideals rallied citizens to strong support for war
10.) Fourteen Points Address on January 8, 1918
11.) October 1918- wanted peace based on the Fourteen Points to disarm

12.) popular until started making extreme fumbles, which frustrated the
Republican party

13.) attended Paris Conference
a. pushed for the League of Nations
b. helped conduct the Treaty of Versailles

B) Theodore Roosevelt
1) Progressive Party nominee for presidency in the election of 1912
2) Was for woman suffrage, social welfare, minimum wage laws,
and \u201csocialistic\u201d social insurance
3) Favored an aggressive foreign policy
4) Was known as the \u201cbull moose\u201d

C) William Taft
1) Republican nominee for election of 1912
2) Strong on \u201cdollar diplomacy\u201d

D) General Victoriano Huerta
1) Gained Mexican presidency in 1913 by murdering original
2) Regime filled with chaos and bloodshed
3) Regime ended in July 1914

E) Venustiano Carranzo
1) Took over Mexican presidency after rival General Victoriano
2) Was reluctantly supported by Wilson

F) \u201cPancho\u201d Villa
1) Rival to Carranzo
2) Bandit who killed 19 Americans in Northern America and 19 in

New Mexico
3) Was trying to get the Americans to attack Carranzo

G) Charles Evans Hughes
1.) Supreme Court Justice
2) Republican presidential nominee for election of 1916
3.) Harding\u2019s brilliant Secretary of the State who led the Disarmament

II. Events

A) Election of 1912: The \u201cBull Moose Campaign\u201d
1. Democratic nominee: Woodrow Wilson
2. Progressive nominee: Theodore Roosevelt
3. Republican nominee: William Taft
4. Called \u201cBull Moose Campaign\u201d due to the fact that Roosevelt

likened himself to a \u201cbull moose\u201d
5. Taft and Roosevelt split the Republican vote; Wilson won
B) Disruption with Mexico
1. 1913 Mexican president killed and replaced by General
Victoriano Huerta
2. In April, 1914, American soldiers captured in Tampico, but are quickly
3. Wilson demands 21 gun salute that they will not give, causing Wilson
to ask Congress the ability to use force against Mexico
4. Ordered navy to seize Vera Cruz, but due to the ABC powers

(Argentina, Brazil, Chile) intervening, no real fighting broke out
5. Huerta\u2019s regime collapsed in July 1914
6. Venustiano Carranzo gained control
7. Soon \u201cPancho\u201d Villa began killing Americans, hoping the US

government would go after Carranzo
8. General John J. Pershing sent in, but all troops removed in January of
1917 when a war with Germany became evident

C) Beginnings of WWI
1. 1914, Serb killed heir to Austrian-Hungarian throne
2. Due to alliances, soon most of Europe\u2019s major powers involved
3. Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, and later Turkey and Bulgaria
4. Allied Powers: France, Britain, Russia, and later Japan, and Italy

D) British Blockade and German U-Boats
1. Britain formed a blockade around ports forcing the United States to trade with
2. To retaliate against blockade, Germany announced sub-marine war around the

British Isles in February1915, but agreed not to attack neural ships
3.Lusitania, a passenger liner, was sunk on May 7, 1915
4. After British linerArabic was sunk in 1915, Germans agreed to no longer

attack such shiips without warning

5. WhenSussex was sunk, Germans once more agreed not to attack such ships
without warning on the condition that the Americans would try to get the
Allies to lessen the blockade

E) Presidential Campaign of 1916
1. Progressives nominate Theodore Roosevelt, but he declines, crippling the party

2. Republicans nominate Charles Evans Hughes
3. Democrats nominate Woodrow Wilson
4. Democratic platform focused on the fact that Wilson kept America out of the
war while the Republican campaign centered on a dislike for the assaults on trusts
and how Wilson was handling Mexico
5. Wilson won by a small margin

F. January 31, 1917
1. Germany begins unrestricted submarine warfare, which entailed all
ships were sunk if in the war zone

G. Zimmerman Note
1. March 1, 1917
2. German forces trying to make deal with Mexico
3. If Germans were victorious, Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona would go

to Mexico
4. Outraged America and pushed towards war.
H. April 6, 1917
1. War declaration on Germany

I. Steel Strike
1. Biggest strike in American history
2. More than twelve dead
3. African-American strikebreakers

J. Women's Suffrage
1. state level in New York, Michigan, Oklahoma, and South Dakota in
2. 19th Amendment in 1920

K. Rationing and Sacrifice for War Effort
1. Ration cards
2. wheatless Wednesday and meatless Tuesday
3. "victory gardens"
4. restricting use of food for production of alcohol
5. "lightless night", "heatless Mondays", "gasless Sundays"
6. efforts collected$21 billion for the war

L. Conscription
1. passed six weeks after war declaration
2. ages 18-45
3. no "draft dodging"
4. four million men assembled in months
5. lessened length of training due to short time available

III. Legislation/laws passed

A. Underwood Tariff Bill of 1913
1. Reduced import fees and rates
2. Made to tackle the tariff
3. Enacted a graduated income tax

B. Federal Reserve Act
1. Passed June 1913 to reform the banking system

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