Research Methods -
Literature review Assignment
Leaf is the heart of plant as it mainly responsible for the photosynthesis (food manufacture)and respiration (usable energy production). Leaves of a plant are primarily responsible forphotosynthesis and transpiration. Leaves play a vital role in whole plant development. Atypical leaf consist various parts like a flat blade or lamina, a stalk referred to as petiole. Theslightly swollen part on stem from where leaf originate is called the node and constitutesone or more leaves and arranged (inflorescence) systematically to avoid overshadowing byone another to get sunlight. Angle between the leaf and stem is called axil which containsbud. The junction between leaf and stem varies to different plants. Sometimes leaf basetotally surrounds the stem. In some plants, leaves arise in a group from small undergroundstems are called radical leaves and forms a rosette like the primrose or plantain. Initiallydeveloped leaves are cotyledons or seed leaves and are present in seeds. (Earley, 2004).
Leaf development summary:
Origin of leaves from shoot apex (initiation),
Leaf developmental stages,
Genetic regulation of leaf development.
Stages of leaf development:
Leaf development can be analysed by QTL (quantitative trait loci) map. Yet to date, morethan 20 QTLs have been identified.
Leaf Stage Development
1. Organogenesis 2.Suborgan domains 3.Cell and tissue differentiation
cell and tissue differentiation occurs:L1 epidermis with trichomes and cellL2 mesophyll cellsL3 vascular elements, bundle sheath cells