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EC2006

# EC2006

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EC 2006
10.4
Duration\ue000:\ue000Three\ue000Hours
Maximum\ue000Marks\ue000:\ue000150
Q.1 to carry Q.20 one marks each and Q.21 to
Q.85 carry two marks each.
Q.1The rank of the matrix
1 1 1
1 10
1 1 1
-
\u00e9\u00eb\u00ea\u00ea\u00ea
\u00f9\u00fb\u00fa\u00fa\u00fa
is
(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 2
(D) 3
Q.2\u00d1\u00b4 \u00d1\u00b4PWhere Pis a vector, is equal to
(A)P
P
P
\u00b4\u00d1 \u00b4 -\u00d12
(B)\u00d1 +\u00d1 \u00d1\u00d7
2P
P)
(
(C)\u00d1 +\u00d1 \u00b4
2P
P
(D)\u00d1\u00d1\u00d7 -\u00d1
(P)
P
2
Q.3(
)
\u00d1\u00b4 \u00d7
\u00f2\u00f2
PdswhereP is a vector, is equal to
(A)P dl
\u00d7
\u00f2
(B)\u00d1\u00b4 \u00d1\u00b4 \u00d7
\u00f2
P dl
(C)\u00d1\u00b4 \u00d7
\u00f2
P dl
(D)\u00d1\u00d7
\u00f2
Pdv
Q.4A probability density function is of the form
px Ke
x
x
( )
,
( ,)
=
\u00ce -\u00a5 \u00a5
-a
The value ofK is
(A) 0.5
(B) 1
(C) 0.5
(D)a
Q.5A solution for the differential equation
x t
x t
t
( )
( )
( )
+
=
2
d
With initial conditionx( )
0
0
- =
(A)e ut
t
-2
( )
(B)e ut
t
2
( )
(C)e ut
t
-( )
(D)e u t
t( )
Q.6A low-pass filter having a frequency response
H j
A ej
( )
( )
( )
w
wf w
=
does not produce any phase
distortions if
(A)A
C
k
( )
, ( )
w
w fw w
=
=
2
3
(B)A
C
k
( )
, ( )
w
w fw w
=
=
2
(C)A
C
k
( )
, ( )
w
wf w w
=
=
2
(D)A
C
k
( )
, ( )
w
fw w
=
=
-1
Q.7The values of voltage( )
VDacross a tunnel-diode
corresponding to peak and valley currents areV V
p
D
,
respectively. The range of tunnel-diode voltage for
VDwhich the slope of its I VD
-
characteristics is
negative would be
(A)VD<0
(B)0\u00a3 <
V
V
D
p
(C)V V
V
p
D
v
\u00a3 <
(D)V
V
D
v
\u00b3
Q.8The concentration of minority carriers in an
extrinsic semiconductor under equilibrium is

(A) Directly proportional to the doping concentration (B)\ue000Inversely\ue000proportional\ue000to\ue000the\ue000doping\ue000concentration (C)\ue000Directly\ue000proportional\ue000to\ue000the\ue000intrinsic\ue000concentration (D)

Inversely
proportional
to
the
intrinsic
concentration
Q.9Under low level injection assumption, the injected
minority carrier current for an extrinsic semiconductor
is essentially the

(A) Diffusion current
(B) Drift current
(C) Recombination current
(D) Induced current

Q.10The phenomenon known as \u201cEarly Effect\u201d in a
bipolar transistor refers to a reduction of the effective
base-width caused by
(A) Electron \u2013 hole recombination at the base
(B)\ue000The\ue000reverse\ue000biasing\ue000of\ue000the\ue000base\ue000\u2013\ue000collector\ue000junction
(C) The forward biasing of emitter-base junction
(D) The early removal of stored base charge during
saturation-to-cut off switching
Q.11The input impedance( )
Zi
and the output
impedance( )
Z0of an ideal trans-conductance (voltage
controlled current source) amplifier are
(A)Z
Z
i=
=
0
0
0
,
(B)Z
Z
i=
=\u00a5
0
0
,
(C)Z
Z
i=\u00a5
=
,
0
0
(D)Z
Z
i=\u00a5
=\u00a5
,
0
Q.12An n-channel depletion MOSFET has following
two points on itsI
V
D
GS
-
curve:
(i)V
I
GS
D
=
=
0
12
at
mAand
(ii)V
I
GS
D
=-
=
6
0
Volts at
mA
Which of the following Q \u2013 point will give the
highest trans \u2013 conductance gain for small signals?
(A)VGS=-6 Volts
(B)VGS=-3 Volts
(C)VGS=0 Volts
(D)VGS=3 Volts
Q.13The number of product terms in the minimized

sum-of-product expression obtained through the following K \u2013 map is (where, \u201cd\u201d denotes don\u2019t care states)

1
0
0
1
0
d
0
0
0
0
d
1
1
0
0
1
(A) 2
(B) 3
(C) 4
(D) 5
Q.14Letx t
X j
( )
( )
\u00ab
wbe Fourier Transform pair.
The Fourier Transform of the signalx t
(
)
5
3
-in terms
ofX j
( )
wis given as
(A)1
5
5
35
e
Xj
j
-
\u00e6\u00e8\u00e7 \u00f6\u00f8\u00f7
w
w
(B)1
5
5
35
e Xj
jw
w
\u00e6\u00e8\u00e7 \u00f6\u00f8\u00f7
(C)1
5
5
3
e
Xj
j
-
\u00e6\u00e8\u00e7 \u00f6\u00f8\u00f7
w
w
(D)1
5
5
3
e Xj
jw
w
\u00e6\u00e8\u00e7 \u00f6\u00f8\u00f7
Q.15The Dirac delta function is defined as
(A)d( )
t
t
=
=
\u00ec\u00ed\u00ee
1
0
0 otherwise
(B)d( )
t
t
=
=
\u00ec\u00ed\u00ee
1
0
0 otherwise
(C)d( )
t
t
=
=
\u00ec\u00ed\u00ee
1
0
0
otherwiseandd( )
t dt
-\u00a5
\u00a5\u00f2
=1
(D)d( )
t
t
=\u00a5
=
\u00ec\u00ed\u00ee
0
0
otherwiseandd( )
t dt
-\u00a5
\u00a5\u00f2
=1
Q.16If the region of convergence ofx n
x n
1
2
[ ]
[ ]
+
is
13
23
< <
z
then the region of convergence of
xn xn
1
2
[ ]
[ ]
-
includes
(A)13
3
< <
z
(B)23
3
< <
z
(C)3
2
3
< <
z
(D)13
23
< <
z
Q.17The open-loop function of a unity-gain feedback
control system is given by
G s
K
s
s
( )(
)(
)
=+
+
1
2
The\ue000gain\ue000margin\ue000of\ue000the\ue000system\ue000in\ue000dB\ue000is\ue000given\ue000by
(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 20
(D)
Q.18In the system shown below,x t
t u t
( ) (sin ) ( )
=
In
steady-state, the responsey t
( )will be
(A)12
4
sint-
\u00e6\u00e8\u00e7
\u00f6\u00f8\u00f7
p
(B)12
4
sint+
\u00e6\u00e8\u00e7
\u00f6\u00f8\u00f7
p
(C)12e
t
t
-sin
(D)sin
cos
t
t
-
Q.19The electric field of an electromagnetic wave
propagation in the positive direction is given by
E a
t
z
a
t
z
x
y
=
- +
- +
\$sin(
)\$ sin(
)
w b
wb p2
The wave is

(A) Linearly polarized in thez\u2013direction
(B) Elliptically polarized
(C) Left-hand circularly polarized
(D) Right-hand circularly polarized

Chap\ue00010.4
EC\ue0002006
593
x t
( )
y t
( )
1
s+\ue0001
Fig Q. 18
Q.20A transmission line is feeding 1 watt of power to

a horn antenna having a gain of 10 dB. The antenna is matched to the transmission line. The total power radiated\ue000by\ue000the\ue000horn\ue000antenna\ue000into\ue000the\ue000free\ue000\u2013\ue000space\ue000is

(A) 10 Watts
(B) 1watt
(C) 0.1 Watt
(D) 0.01 Watt
Q.21The eigenvalues and the corresponding
eigenvectors of a 2 x 2 matrix are given by
Eigenvalue
Eigenvector
l1
8
=
v1
11
=\u00e9\u00eb\u00ea \u00f9\u00fb\u00fa
l2
8
=
v2
11
=-
\u00e9\u00eb\u00ea \u00f9\u00fb\u00fa
The matrix is
(A)6 2
2 6
\u00e9\u00eb\u00ea
\u00f9\u00fb\u00fa
(B)4 6
6 4
\u00e9\u00eb\u00ea
\u00f9\u00fb\u00fa
(C)2 4
4 2
\u00e9\u00eb\u00ea
\u00f9\u00fb\u00fa
(D)4 8
8 4
\u00e9\u00eb\u00ea
\u00f9\u00fb\u00fa
Q.22For the function of a complex variableW (Where,
W u jv
= +
andZ x jy
= +) theu =constant lines get
mapped inz\u2013 Plane as

(A) Set of radial straight lines
(B) Set of concentric circles
(C) Set of confocal hyperbolas
(D) Set of confocal ellipses

Q.23The value of the contour integral
1
4
2
2z
z j
+
- =
\u00f2
in positive sense is
(A)jp
2
(B)-p
2
(C)-jp
2
(D)p
2
Q.24The integralsin3
0
q q
p
d
\u00f2
is given by
(A) 1/2
(B) 2/3
(C) 4/3
(D) 8/3
Q.25Three companies X, Y and Z supply computers to

a university. The percentage of computers supplied by them and the probability of those being defective are tabulated below

Company
%\ue000of\ue000computers
supplied
Probability\ue000of
being\ue000defective
X
60\ue000%
0.01
Y
30\ue000%
0.02
Z
10\ue000%
0.03
Given that a computer is defective, the
probability that it was supplied by Y is
(A) 0.1
(B) 0.2
(C) 0.3
(D) 0.4
Q.26For the matrix
4 2
2 4
\u00e9\u00eb\u00ea
\u00f9\u00fb\u00fathe eigenvalue
corresponding to the eigenvector101
101
\u00e9\u00eb\u00ea \u00f9\u00fb\u00fais
(A) 2
(B) 4
(C) 6
(D) 8
Q.27For the differential equationd y
dx
k y
2
2
2
0
+
=the
bourdary conditions are (i)y=0 forx=0 and (ii)y=0
forx a
=. The form of non-zero solutions ofy( wherem
varies over all integers) are
(A)y
A
m x
a
m
m
=\u00e5
sinp
(B)y
A
m x
a
m
m
=\u00e5
cosp
(C)y
A x
m
ma
m
=\u00e5
p
(D)y
A x
m
m x
a
m
=
-
\u00e5
p
Q.28Consider the functionf t
( )having Laplace
transform
F ss
s
( )
Re[ ]
=+
>
w
w
0
2
02
0
The final value off t
( )would be
(A) 0
(B) 1
(C)-\u00a3 \u00a5\u00a3
1
1
f( )
(D)\u00a5
Q.29Asx is increased from-\u00a5 t0\u00a5 the function
f x
e
e
x
x
( )=+
1
(A) Monotonically increases
(B) Monotonically decreases
(C)\ue000Increases\ue000to\ue000a\ue000maximum\ue000value\ue000and\ue000then\ue000decreases
(D)\ue000Decreases\ue000to\ue000a\ue000minimum\ue000value\ue000and\ue000then\ue000increases
594
EC\ue0002006
Chap\ue00010.4

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