Mathematics and Electrical Engineering
Department of Energy and Process Engineering
INSTITUTT FOR ENERGI OG
73 59 40 00 73 59 27 00 73 59 38 57
This master thesis is about electrification of a rural district in Uganda.
The aim of the thesis is to:
Three different types of trading centres are investigated, and they differ in the number of inhabitants and load characteristics. Load profiles for the trading centres is made and put into a simulations program called HOMER. This is an optimization program that in this study use solar systems, diesel generation and grid extension as means of supplying a rural area with power.
Several situations are simulated; how low the price of solar systems must go to be competitive or how high the diesel price must be to make solar systems able to compete with diesel generation. Different loads are also simulated to show how this affects the technology options.
It is found that for a large trading centre, grid extension is the best alternative. For a small and medium community, diesel generation or solar systems are best, depending on diesel price and distance from the main grid.
Stud.techn. Britt Mari Lang\u00e5sen
Like many developing countries especially in Africa, few people in rural areas and towns of Uganda enjoy access to electricity. Since electricity is seen as an important prerequisite for development, Uganda initiated the \u201cEnergy for Rural Transformation\u201d program with the support of the World Bank and a number of donor countries. This program aims at increasing the rural electrification rate from 1% today to 10% by 2010. Different options exist to meet this aim. Grid extension, the building of mini-grids based on local generation, and off-grid generation (e.g. PV solar systems) are potential alternative, whose attractiveness depends on various different factors.
The aim of this thesis is investigate rural electrification of the Masindi district in Uganda, to identify and compare different options and to recommend how electrification could proceed. The analysis should focus on so-called \u201ctrading centers\u201d, small towns, as opposed to the evenly spread farming population. The characteristics of the electric loads should be taken into account, as well as the investment costs and operating expenses of different technical solutions.
\u2022Selection and description of a proper analysis framework and modeling tool.
\u2022Description of options for rural electrification.
\u2022Description/analysis of the local grid and its ability to deal with local power
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