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Rural Electrification in Uganda

Rural Electrification in Uganda

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Master thesis
Rural electrification in Uganda
Powering the Masindi district
Elektrifisering av landsbyer i Uganda: Masindi District
Stud. techn. Britt-Mari Lang\u00e5sen
Master Program Energy and the Environment
Faculty of Information Technology,

Mathematics and Electrical Engineering
Department of Energy and Process Engineering
Spring 2004

I
Rapportnummer
EPT-H-2004-34
The Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Gradering
POSTADRESSE
TELEFONER
TELEFAX

NTNU
INSTITUTT FOR ENERGI OG
PROSESSTEKNIKK

Kolbj\u00f8rn Hejes vei 1A
N-7491 Trondheim - NTNU

Sentralbord NTNU:
Instituttkontor:
Vannkraftlaboratoriet:

73 59 40 00 73 59 27 00 73 59 38 57

Instituttkontor:
Vannkraftlaboratoriet:
73 59 83 90
73 59 38 54
Rapportens tittel
Rural electrification in Uganda: Powering the Masindi District
Dato
23.06.04
Elektrifisering av landsbyer i Uganda: Masindi District
Antall sider og bilag
110p incl. 22 p attachemnts
Saksbehandler / forfatter
Britt-Mari Lang\u00e5sen
Ansv. sign.
Avdeling
Energi og Prosessteknikk
Prosjektnummer
ISBN nr.
Prisgruppe
Oppdragsgiver
Oppdragsgivers ref.

Ekstrakt
This master thesis is about electrification of a rural district in Uganda.
The aim of the thesis is to:

\ue000
investigate the electricity needs and power characteristics in a rural district in Uganda
\ue000
to identify and compare different technology options
\ue000
to recommend how electrification should proceed

Three different types of trading centres are investigated, and they differ in the number of inhabitants and load characteristics. Load profiles for the trading centres is made and put into a simulations program called HOMER. This is an optimization program that in this study use solar systems, diesel generation and grid extension as means of supplying a rural area with power.

Several situations are simulated; how low the price of solar systems must go to be competitive or how high the diesel price must be to make solar systems able to compete with diesel generation. Different loads are also simulated to show how this affects the technology options.

A general discussion about the applicability of grid extension and protection schemes for the network is
given.

It is found that for a large trading centre, grid extension is the best alternative. For a small and medium community, diesel generation or solar systems are best, depending on diesel price and distance from the main grid.

Stikkord p\u00e5 norsk
Indexing Terms English
Gruppe 1
Elektrifisering av landsbygd
Rural electrification
Gruppe 2
U-land
Developing countries
Egenvalgte
stikkord
Teknologi l\u00f8sninger
Technology options
II
Norges teknisk-
Institutt for energi- og
naturvitenskapelige universitet
processteknikk
NTNU
H-2004-
HOVEDOPPGAVE

for
Stud.techn. Britt Mari Lang\u00e5sen
V\u00e5ren 2004

Elektrifisering av landsbyer i Uganda: Masindi District
Rural Electrification in Uganda: Powering the Masindi District
Background

Like many developing countries especially in Africa, few people in rural areas and towns of Uganda enjoy access to electricity. Since electricity is seen as an important prerequisite for development, Uganda initiated the \u201cEnergy for Rural Transformation\u201d program with the support of the World Bank and a number of donor countries. This program aims at increasing the rural electrification rate from 1% today to 10% by 2010. Different options exist to meet this aim. Grid extension, the building of mini-grids based on local generation, and off-grid generation (e.g. PV solar systems) are potential alternative, whose attractiveness depends on various different factors.

Aim

The aim of this thesis is investigate rural electrification of the Masindi district in Uganda, to identify and compare different options and to recommend how electrification could proceed. The analysis should focus on so-called \u201ctrading centers\u201d, small towns, as opposed to the evenly spread farming population. The characteristics of the electric loads should be taken into account, as well as the investment costs and operating expenses of different technical solutions.

The analysis should include following elements:
\u2666
Description of the situation in the trading centers, their electricity needs, current
supply, and power characteristics.

\u2022Selection and description of a proper analysis framework and modeling tool.
\u2022Description of options for rural electrification.
\u2022Description/analysis of the local grid and its ability to deal with local power

supply. Specification of technical upgrades needed.
\u2022Analysis of technical and cost elements of different, \u201ctypical\u201d situations and
recommendation of specific solutions. Specification of investment needs and
power characteristics.
\u2022Discussion of the usefulness, applicability and limits of grid extensions and
different types of distributed generation.

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