What happened in Vietnam? Social effects of Vietnam WarA.
Combat fatigue vs. PTSD: not the same thing1.
What causes PTSD?
trauma of killingb)
enabled by conditioningc)
amplified by society’s homecoming
What are best indicators?
intensity of initial traumab)
nature of social support network available to victimc)
very similar to psychological problems associated with rape
400k-1.5 million (lower stat disabled American Veterans,higher Harris assoc. independent consulting co.)b)
means 15-55% of the 2.8 million that served in Vietnamc)
not more crime prone, murder rates, robbery, etc. all thesame as other returning vets.d)
more prone to alcoholism, drug abuse, divorce, depression,suicide
Why is Vietnam Different?
answer lies in killing and in societies reaction to it.
Killing and shooting on the battlefield.A.
80-85% of soldiers in WWII don’t shootB.
In Gettysburg, 25k guns collected, over half not shot and multipleloaded.
small % of shooters actually shooting, other helping.2.
if all were shooting, kill rates would be much higher3.
deaths in most big engagements were 1-2 min per 100yds.
Who shoots most? Snipers.
in Vietnam, 50,000 rounds expended per VC dead.2.
for snipers # is 1.4 rounds.3.
Snipers, while distanced form target, suffer severe stress problems.
In Korea shooting rate is up to 55%E.
In Vietnam the rate rises to 90-95%