War In AsiaI.
December 7 -- Pearl HarborB.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT'S PEARL HARBOR SPEECH (December 8, 1941)1.
To the Congress of the United States:a)
Yesterday, Dec. 7, 1941 - a date which will live in infamy - the UnitedStates of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval andair forces of the Empire of Japan. The United States was at peace withthat nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversationwith the government and its emperor looking toward the maintenanceof peace in the Pacific.b)
Indeed, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commencedbombing in Oahu, the Japanese ambassador to the United States andhis colleagues delivered to the Secretary of State a formal reply to arecent American message. While this reply stated that it seemeduseless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it containedno threat or hint of war or armed attack.c)
It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes itobvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or evenweeks ago. During the intervening time, the Japanese government hasdeliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements andexpressions of hope for continued peace.d)
The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian islands has caused severedamage to American naval and military forces. Very many Americanlives have been lost. In addition, American ships have been reportedtorpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu.(1)
Yesterday, the Japanese government also launched an attack against Malaya.(2)
Last night, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.(3)
Last night, Japanese forces attacked Guam.(4)
Last night, Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.(5)
Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island.(6)
This morning, the Japanese attacked Midway Island.e)
Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extendingthroughout the Pacific area. The facts of yesterday speak forthemselves. The people of the United States have already formed theiropinions and well understand the implications to the very life andsafety of our nation.f)
As commander in chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that allmeasures be taken for our defense.g)
Always will we remember the character of the onslaught against us.h)
No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditatedinvasion, the American people in their righteous might will winthrough to absolute victory.i)
I believe I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when Iassert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost, but willmake very certain that this form of treachery shall never endanger usagain. j)
Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that that our people,our territory and our interests are in grave danger.k)
With confidence in our armed forces - with the unboundingdetermination of our people - we will gain the inevitable triumph - sohelp us God.