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Frequency (Fm) and Phase (Pm) Modulations

Frequency (Fm) and Phase (Pm) Modulations

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Published by: api-3709752 on Oct 14, 2008
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10/08/2014

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The Hong Kong Polytechnic University EIE331: Communication Fundamentals
File name:
eie331 04fm.pdf 
ANGLE MODULATION:FREQUENCY (FM) and PHASE (PM) MODULATIONS
Basic definitions
Narrow-band and wide-band frequency modulations
Transmission bandwidth of angle modulated signals
Phase-locked loop (PLL)
Generation and demodulation of angle modulated signals
FM stereo multiplexing
eza KOLUMB´AN — Dept. of Electronic and Information Engineering
1
 
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University EIE331: Communication Fundamentals
References for angle modulation:
Haykin: Section 3.10, pp. 154–193Lecture notesTutorial notes
Angle modulation:
Carrier angle is varied according to the slowly-varyingmessage signal
An important feature of angle modulation:
It can provide a better discrimination (robustness) against noise andinterference than AM
This improvement is achieved at the expense of increasedtransmission bandwidth
In case of angle modulation, channel bandwidth may be exchangedfor improved noise performance
Such trade-off is
not 
possible with AM
eza KOLUMB´AN — Dept. of Electronic and Information Engineering
2
 
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University EIE331: Communication Fundamentals
BASIC DEFINITIONSRelationship between the angle and frequency of a sinusoidal signal
Sinusoidal carrier
c
(
t
) =
A
c
cos[
θ
i
(
t
)]
Angle of carrier
θ
i
(
t
)
[rad]Instantaneous frequency of carrier
i
(
t
) =12
πω
i
(
t
) =12
π
i
(
t
)
dt
=12
π
˙
θ
i
(
t
)
[Hz]In the case of an unmodulated carrier, the angle becomes
θ
i
(
t
) = 2
πf 
c
t
+
φ
c
eza KOLUMB´AN — Dept. of Electronic and Information Engineering
3

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