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Mot So Net Chung Ve Viet Nam

Mot So Net Chung Ve Viet Nam

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Published by api-3710312

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Published by: api-3710312 on Oct 14, 2008
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03/18/2014

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B\u1ea3n \u0111\u1ed3 n\u01b0\u1edbc CHXHCN Vi\u1ec7t Nam
1.M\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 th\u00f4ng tin v\u1ec1 \u0111\u1ecba l\u00fd Vi\u1ec7t Nam
\u2022\u2022
T\u00ean n\u01b0\u1edbc : C\u1ed8NG HO\u00c0 X\u00c3 H\u1ed8I CH\u1ee6 NGH\u0128A VI\u1ec6T NAM
Th\u1ee7 \u0111\u00f4: H\u00e0 N\u1ed9i
V\u1ecb tr\u00ed \u0111\u1ecba l\u00fd : (\u0111\u1ea5t li\u1ec1n)

Kinh \u0111\u1ed9 : t\u1eeb 102o O9\u2019 \u0111\u1ebfn 109o 30\u2019 \u0110\u00f4ng
V\u0129 \u0111\u1ed9 : t\u1eeb 8o10\u2019 \u0111\u1ebfn 23o24\u2019 B\u1eafc
Di\u1ec7n t\u00edch \u0111\u1ea5t li\u1ec1n : 331.690 km2
Kho\u1ea3ng c\u00e1ch (\u0111\u01b0\u1eddng chim bay) gi\u1eefa hai \u0111i\u1ec3m c\u1ef1c nam v\u00e0 b\u1eafc : 1.650 km
Kho\u1ea3ng c\u00e1ch \u0110\u00f4ng-T\u00e2y t\u1ed1i \u0111a: 600 km (B\u1eafc B\u1ed9), 400 km (Nam B\u1ed9); t\u1ed1i thi\u1ec3u: 50 km (Qu\u1ea3ng B\u00ecnh,

Trung B\u1ed9).
D\u00e2n s\u1ed1: H\u01a1n 80 tri\u1ec7u ng\u01b0\u1eddi (2002) trong \u0111\u00f3 n\u1eef chi\u1ebfm 51%, nam 49%.
\u0110\u01a1n v\u1ecb h\u00e0nh ch\u00ednh: G\u1ed3m 64 t\u1ec9nh v\u00e0 th\u00e0nh ph\u1ed1 tr\u1ef1c thu\u1ed9c trung \u01b0\u01a1ng (H\u00e0 N\u1ed9i, TP H\u1ed3 Ch\u00ed Minh,
H\u1ea3i Ph\u00f2ng, \u0110\u00e0 N\u1eb5ng)
\u0110\u1eb7c \u0111i\u1ec3m \u0111\u1ecba l\u00fd:
+ N\u00fai, \u0111\u1ed3i: N\u00fai v\u00e0 cao nguy\u00ean chi\u1ebfm 3/4 di\u1ec7n t\u00edch l\u00e3nh th\u1ed5. H\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng n\u00fai k\u00e9o d\u00e0i t\u1eeb bi\u00ean gi\u1edbi T\u00e2y-

B\u1eafc \u0111\u1ebfn ph\u1ea7n \u0111\u00f4ng c\u1ee7a Nam B\u1ed9, d\u00e0i t\u1ed5ng c\u1ed9ng 1.400 km.
\u0110\u1ec9nh n\u00fai cao nh\u1ea5t: Fan Si Pan cao 3.143 m.
+ \u0110\u1ed3ng b\u1eb1ng:
\u0110\u1ed3ng b\u1eb1ng s\u00f4ng H\u1ed3ng: 15.000 km2.
\u0110\u1ed3ng b\u1eb1ngs\u00f4ng C\u1eedu Long: 40.000 km2.
+ Nh\u1eefng s\u00f4ng ch\u00ednh: T\u1ed5ng chi\u1ec1u d\u00e0i c\u00e1c con s\u00f4ng l\u00e0 41.000 km v\u1edbi t\u1ed5ng l\u01b0u l\u01b0\u1ee3ng g\u1ea7n 300 t\u1ef7

m3 n\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00e0 3.100 km k\u00eanh r\u1ea1ch.
S\u00f4ng H\u1ed3ng d\u00e0i 1.149 km trong \u0111\u00f3 510 km ch\u1ea3y tr\u00ean l\u00e3nh th\u1ed5 Vi\u1ec7t Nam.
S\u00f4ng M\u00ea k\u00f4ng (C\u1eedu Long) d\u00e0i 4.220 km trong \u0111\u00f3 220 km ch\u1ea3y tr\u00ean l\u00e3nh th\u1ed5 Vi\u1ec7t

Nam.
\u0110\u1eb7c \u0111i\u1ec3m kh\u00ed h\u1eadu: Vi\u1ec7t Nam ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n n\u1eb1m trong v\u00f9ng nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1edbi gi\u00f3 m\u00f9a v\u1edbi c\u00e1c \u0111\u1eb7c \u0111i\u1ec3m kh\u00ed

h\u1eadu n\u00f3ng \u1ea9m, m\u01b0a nhi\u1ec1u v\u00e0 m\u01b0a theo m\u00f9a.
+ Nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9:
+ L\u01b0\u1ee3ng m\u01b0a: (trung b\u00ecnh trong n\u0103m)
H\u00e0 N\u1ed9i : 1.763 mm.
Hu\u1ebf : 2.867 mm.
Tp H\u1ed3 Ch\u00ed Minh : 1.910 mm.
+ \u0110\u1ed9 \u1ea9m trung b\u00ecnh v\u01b0\u1ee3t 80%, th\u1eadm ch\u00ed 90% trong m\u00f9a m\u01b0a v\u00e0 th\u1eddi k\u1ef3 c\u00f3 m\u01b0a ph\u00f9n.

Giao th\u00f4ng:

+ \u0110\u01b0\u1eddng b\u1ed9: 86.327 km (1995); Kho\u1ea3ng c\u00e1ch ch\u00ednh (\u0111\u01b0\u1eddng b\u1ed9):
* H\u00e0 N\u1ed9i-TP H\u1ed3 Ch\u00ed Minh : 1.738 km
* H\u00e0 N\u1ed9i-\u0110i\u1ec7n Bi\u00ean Ph\u1ee7 : 474 km
* H\u00e0 N\u1ed9i-H\u1ea3i Ph\u00f2ng : 102 km
* H\u00e0 N\u1ed9i-Hu\u1ebf : 654 km
+ \u0110\u01b0\u1eddng s\u1eaft: 3.219 km (1995), g\u1ed3m 5 tuy\u1ebfn.
+ \u0110\u01b0\u1eddng h\u00e0ng kh\u00f4ng: H\u00e3ng h\u00e0ng kh\u00f4ng qu\u1ed1c gia Vi\u1ec7t Nam (VietnamAirlines) c\u00f3 17 \u0111\u01b0\u1eddng bay

qu\u1ed1c t\u1ebf, v\u00e0 16 \u0111\u01b0\u1eddng bay n\u1ed9i \u0111\u1ecba. C\u00e1c s\u00e2n bay l\u1edbn: N\u1ed9i B\u00e0i (H\u00e0 N\u1ed9i), T\u00e2n S\u01a1n Nh\u1ea5t (TP.HCM) , \u0110\u00e0 N\u1eb5ng, Ph\u00fa B\u00e0i (Hu\u1ebf), C\u00e1t bi (H\u1ea3i Ph\u00f2ng), \u0110i\u1ec7n bi\u00ean (Lai ch\u00e2u), Vinh (Ngh\u1ec7 An), Nha Trang, C\u1ea7n Th\u01a1...

+ M\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 c\u1ea3ng bi\u1ec3n ch\u00ednh: H\u00f2n Gai, H\u1ea3i Ph\u00f2ng, \u0110\u00e0 N\u1eb5ng, Qui Nh\u01a1n, Cam Ranh, V\u0169ng T\u00e0u, S\u00e0i
G\u00f2n ...

\u0110\u1ecba h\u00ecnh Vi\u1ec7t Nam c\u00f3 h\u00ecnh ch\u1eef S n\u1eb1m \u1edf ph\u00eda \u0111\u00f4ng b\u00e1n \u0111\u1ea3o \u0110\u00f4ng D\u01b0\u01a1ng, gi\u1eefa v\u00f9ng \u0110\u00f4ng Nam
\u00e1, ph\u00eda B\u1eafc gi\u00e1p Trung Qu\u1ed1c, ph\u00eda T\u00e2y gi\u00e1p L\u00e0o v\u00e0 Campuchia, ph\u00eda \u0110\u00f4ng v\u00e0 Nam gi\u00e1p bi\u1ec3n.
Ph\u1ea7n l\u1edbn di\u1ec7n t\u00edch l\u00e3nh th\u1ed5 Vi\u1ec7t Nam c\u00f3 \u0111\u1ecba h\u00ecnh \u0111\u1ed3i n\u00fai t\u1eadp trung \u1edf ph\u00eda B\u1eafc v\u00e0 ph\u00eda T\u00e2y; c\u00e1c
\u0111\u1ed3ng b\u1eb1ng n\u1eb1m ch\u1ee7 y\u1ebfu \u1edf ph\u00eda \u0110\u00f4ng v\u00e0 ph\u00eda Nam l\u00e3nh th\u1ed5. V\u00f9ng bi\u1ec3n c\u1ee7a Vi\u1ec7t Nam chi\u1ebfm di\u1ec7n
t\u00edch kho\u1ea3ng 1.000.000 km2, b\u1edd bi\u1ec3n tr\u1ea3i d\u00e0i h\u01a1n 3000 km, n\u1eb1m d\u1ecdc bi\u1ec3n \u0110\u00f4ng c\u1ee7a Th\u00e1i B\u00ecnh
D\u01b0\u01a1ng. C\u00e1c v\u00f9ng n\u00fai v\u00e0 bi\u1ec3n n\u00e0y ch\u1ee9a nhi\u1ec1u ngu\u1ed3n t\u00e0i nguy\u00ean v\u00e0 kho\u00e1ng s\u1ea3n \u0111a d\u1ea1ng phong
ph\u00fa.

Ph\u00eda T\u00e2y Nam mi\u1ec1n Trung Vi\u1ec7t Nam l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t cao nguy\u00ean r\u1ed9ng l\u1edbn \u1edf \u0111\u1ed9 cao tr\u00ean 1000 m, bao ph\u1ee7
b\u1edfi l\u1edbp \u0111\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ecf bazan, r\u1ea5t th\u00edch h\u1ee3p v\u1edbi c\u00e1c c\u00e2y c\u00f4ng nghi\u1ec7p v\u00f9ng nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1edbi v\u00e0 \u00f4n ho\u00e0 (cao su,
ch\u00e8, c\u00e0 ph\u00ea, ca cao...).

D\u1ecdc theo b\u1edd bi\u1ec3n Vi\u1ec7t Nam, t\u1eeb B\u1eafc xu\u1ed1ng Nam, c\u00f3 nhi\u1ec1u b\u00e3i bi\u1ec3n \u0111\u1eb9p, \u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t l\u00e0 V\u1ecbnh H\u1ea1 Long v\u1edbi h\u01a1n 3000 h\u00f2n \u0111\u1ea3o, \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c UNESCO c\u00f4ng nh\u1eadn l\u00e0 k\u1ef3 quan thi\u00ean nhi\u00ean c\u1ee7a th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi. Vi\u1ec7t Nam c\u00f3 nhi\u1ec1u khu r\u1eebng nguy\u00ean thu\u1ef7 c\u00f2n ch\u01b0a b\u1ecb khai th\u00e1c v\u1edbi nhi\u1ec1u lo\u00e0i \u0111\u1ed9ng , th\u1ef1c v\u1eadt qu\u00fd v\u00e0 hi\u1ebfm,

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