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Table Of Contents

FUNDAMENTAL IDEAS
Fats and Oils
Dietary Fat Absorption
Lipids in the bloodstream
Tissues and lipids
Hydrolysis of Triacylglyerols
βeta-Oxidation
Activation: Fatty Acid Fatty Acyl-CoA
Transport: The Role of Carnitine
The β-Oxidation Helical Scheme for Fatty Acyl-CoA
Energy Yield from Fatty Acid Oxidation
Odd-Numbered Chain and Branched Fatty Acids
Ketone Bodies
CHAPTER 2 LIPID BIOSYNTHESIS
Energy Storage
Fatty Acid Biosynthesis
Release
Synthesis of Triacylglycerols
Cholesterol Biosynthesis and its Control
Isoprenoid Compounds
HMG CoAReductase
Mevalonate Squalene
Squalene →Lanosterol
Lanosterol →Cholesterol
Cholesterol Transport, Uptake, and Control
CHAPTER 3 PHOTOSYNTHESIS
Metabolic Oxidation and Reduction
Overall Process of Photosynthesis
The chloroplast
Light Reactions
Photosystem II
Photosystem I
Cyclic Electron Flow
Z-Scheme of Photosynthesis
ATPSynthesis
Carbohydrate Synthesis
C-3 Photosynthesis
Energetics of Photosynthesis
Photorespiration
C4 plants
Reduced Nitrogen
The Nitrogen Cycle
Bacterial Nitrogenase
Ammonium Utilization
Glutamate
Glutamate from glutamine
Further Fates of Incorporated Ammonia
Glutamine
Carbamoyl phosphate
Urea
Biochemistry of the urea cycle
CHAPTER 5 AMINO ACID METABOLISM: CARBON
Principles of Amino Acid Metabolism
1-Carbon Metabolism
Folic acid
Vitamin B12
Methyltransferases
Amino Acid Biosynthesis
Nonessential amino acids
Essential amino acids
Biosynthesis of aromatic amino acids
Pathway determination by biochemical genetics
Feedback inhibition
Amino acid catabolism
Inborn errors of amino acid metabolism
Heme biosynthesis
CHAPTER 6 PURINES AND PYRIMIDINES
Roles of nucleotides
Purine and Pyrimidine Structures
Salvage and Biosynthetic Pathways
Salvage pathways
Purine biosynthesis
Degradation of purine nucleotides
Pyrimidine Metabolism
Pyrimidine biosynthesis
Control
Deoxynucleotide Synthesis
Thymidylate synthase
Chemotherapy
CHAPTER 7 INTEGRATED METABOLISM
Metabolic Relationships
Energy from Glucose
Proteins and Fatty Acids
Exercise and Metabolism
Anaerobic exercise: sprinting
Aerobic metabolism:prolonged exercise
Nutritional state
Hormonal Regulation
Down regulation
Cyclic AMP: ASecond Messenger
Action of cyclic AMP
PI System: Another Second Messanger
Protein kinase C
Receptors with Kinase Activity
Hormone interactions
Hormones that Affect Gene Activity
DNAand RNAStructures
Sugar structures in DNA and RNA
DNA structure
DNA tertiary structure
DNAReplication Enzymes
DNA polymerase
Chromosomal replication
Initiation
DNARepair
DNA repair systems
DNARecombination and Repair
CHAPTER 9 MOLECULAR CLONING OF DNA
Gene Expression
DNAand Information
DNAHybridization
Restriction Enzyme Mapping
DNAMapping
Southern Blotting
Molecular Cloning
Identifying Particular Sequences in a Library
The Polymerase Chain Reaction
DNASequence Determination
Genomics
CHAPTER 10 RNA AND TRANSCRIPTION
RNAInformation
RNAFunctions
Messenger RNA
Transfer RNA
Ribosomal RNA
Other Information-Processing RNAs
Transcription
Transcription in Prokaryotes
Promoter recognition
The transcription process
Transcriptional Control in Bacteria
The Lactose Operon—ACase Study in Regulation
CHAPTER 11 PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
Transcription and Translation
Fidelity in tRNAAminoacylation
Initiation of Protein Synthesis
Termination of Translation
CHAPTER 12 EUKARYOTIC GENES
Eukaryotic Information Flow
DNAand Genomes in Eukaryotes
Structure of Chromatin
Chromatin Replication
Reverse Transcription
Eukaryotic Gene Structure
Ribosomal RNA synthesis
Messenger RNA transcription
Transfer and 5S ribosomal RNA transcription
RNAProcessing
Messenger RNA processing reactions
RNA catalysis
Eukaryotic Translation
Elongation
Protein glycosylation
Eukaryotic Transcriptional Control
Translational Control
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Biochemistry II

Biochemistry II

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Published by Shubhamoy Ghosh

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Published by: Shubhamoy Ghosh on Sep 24, 2011
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