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Table Of Contents

1 PURPOSE OF THE BOOK 1
2.1. OWNERSHIP
2.2. TITLE
2.3. BOUNDARIES
2.4. DEED
2.5.1. Geography
2.5.2. Latitude
2.5.3. Longitude
2.5.4. Astronomic Position
2.5.5. Geodetic Position
2.5.6. Flat-Earthers
2.6. CORNERS
3.1. PLANE GEOMETRY
3.2. LAND POINT
3.3. LAND LINE
3.4. STRAIGHT LAND LINE
3.5. PLUMB LINE
3.6. LEVEL
3.7. LAND DISTANCES
3.8. ELEVATION
3.9. LAND AREA
3.10. HORIZONTAL ANGLES
3.11. VERTICAL ANGLES
3.12. DEGREES, MINUTES, AND SECONDS
3.13. MAPS OR PLATS
4.1. TRUE NORTH
4.2. ASTRONOMIC NORTH
4.3. MAGNETIC NORTH
4.8. BEARINGS 39
4.8. BEARINGS 41
5.1. PROJECTIONLESS MAPS
5.2. TANGENT PLANE PROJECTIONS
5.3. ADVANTAGES OF TANGENT PLANE SYSTEMS
5.4. DISADVANTAGES OF TANGENT PLANE SYSTEMS
5.5. STATE PLANE PROJECTIONS
5.6. ADVANTAGES OF STATE PLANE PROJECTIONS
5.7. DISADVANTAGES OF THE STATE PLANE PROJECTION
6.1. ACCURACY AND PRECISION
6.2. IMPLIED PRECISION
6.3.1. Systematic Errors
6.3.2. Random Errors
6.3.3. Blunders
6.4. ALL MEASUREMENTS INCLUDE ERRORS
6.5. REDUCTION OF ERRORS
6.6. DEVELOPMENT OF STANDARD PROCEDURES
6.7. COLONIAL PERIOD 63
6.8. POST–CIVIL WAR PERIOD
6.9.1. Compass Rule
6.9.2. Transit Rule
6.9.3. Crandall’s Rule
6.9.4. Least Squares Adjustment
6.10. MODERN PERIOD
6.11. RANDOM TRAVERSE 81
6.11. RANDOM TRAVERSE 83
6.12. ELEVATIONS IN THE MODERN PERIOD
6.13. FUTURE OF SURVEYING
7.1. METES AND BOUNDS SYSTEM 91
7.1. METES AND BOUNDS SYSTEM 93
7.1. METES AND BOUNDS SYSTEM 95
7.1. METES AND BOUNDS SYSTEM 97
7.1. METES AND BOUNDS SYSTEM 99
7.1. METES AND BOUNDS SYSTEM 101
7.2.5. Ideal Township
7.2.6. Ideal Section
7.2.7. Irregular Sections
7.2.8. USPLS General Instructions
7.2.9. Government Surveyor’s Original Notes
7.2.10. Nonaliquot Division of a USPLS Section
7.2.11. Private Claims
7.3. PLATTED SUBDIVISION OR URBAN SYSTEMS
8.1. OVERVIEW
8.2. FUNDAMENTALS
8.3. GPS AND LAND SURVEYS
8.4. CORS NETWORKS
8.5. PRACTICAL APPLICATION
8.6. STRENGTHS
8.7. WEAKNESSES
8.8. COPING WITH REALITY
9.1. BUILDING A FOUNDATION
9.2. SOURCES OF INFORMATION
9.3. SYSTEM MAINTENANCE
9.4. POTENTIAL USERS
9.5. POTENTIAL FOR MISAPPLICATION
10.1. RULES OF EVIDENCE
10.2. SOURCES OF EVIDENCE
10.3. OFFICE PROCEDURE
10.4. FIELD PROCEDURE
10.5. RENDERING A DECISION
10.6.1. Accessories to a Corner
10.6.2. Recovered Corners
10.6.3. Deciphering Government Land Office (GLO) Notes
10.6.4. Passing Calls
10.6.5. Perpetuated Corner
10.6.6. Corner by Common Report
10.6.7. Corner Reset by Best Evidence
10.6.8. Corner Reset by Proportionate Measurement
10.7. METES AND BOUNDS BOUNDARY RECOVERY
10.8. PLATTED SUBDIVISION BOUNDARY RECOVERY
11.1. PLAT EVALUATION CHECKLIST
11.2.1. Recognizing a Metes and Bounds Description
11.2.2. Recognizing a USPLS
11.2.3. Recognizing Platted Subdivisions
11.3.1. Recognizing a Projectionless System
11.3.2. Recognizing a Tangent Plane Projection System
11.3.3. Recognizing a State Plane Projection System
11.4. EVALUATING THE AGE OF THE SURVEY
11.5. DETERMINING THE PURPOSE OF THE SURVEY
11.6. EXAMINING THE SURVEY FOR GROSS DISCREPANCIES
11.7. NORTH ARROW
11.8. LEGAL DESCRIPTION
11.9. DATE OF THE SURVEY
11.10. NAME OF THE SURVEYOR
11.11. SIGNATURE AND SEAL
11.12. ADJOINING PROPERTIES
11.13. DIMENSIONS OF ALL SIDES
11.14. BEARING OR ANGLES
11.15. NAME OF CLIENT, PURPOSE OF SURVEY
11.16. CERTIFICATION
11.17. LIMITING WORDS OR PHRASES
11.18. AREA
11.19. SCALE
11.20. COMPARING THE SURVEY PLAT WITH THE DEED
11.21. EXAMINING THE SURVEY PLAT FOR EASEMENTS
11.22. EXAMINING THE SURVEY PLAT FOR ENCROACHMENTS 165
11.22. EXAMINING THE SURVEY PLAT FOR ENCROACHMENTS 167
11.23.1. “Class A. Urban Surveys”
11.23.2. “Class B. Suburban Surveys”
11.23.3. “Class C. Rural Surveys”
11.23.4. “Class D. Mountain and Marshland Surveys”
11.24. DETERMINING NEEDS NOT COVERED IN A SURVEY PLAT
11.25. CONTACTING THE SURVEYOR
12.1. THE CASE OF THE THREE PARTNERS 175
12.1. THE CASE OF THE THREE PARTNERS 177
12.1. THE CASE OF THE THREE PARTNERS 179
12.2. THE LAND GRABBER 181
12.2. THE LAND GRABBER 183
12.2. THE LAND GRABBER 185
12.3. EASEMENT SURPRISE
12.4. EXCESSIVE PROBLEMS 189
12.4. EXCESSIVE PROBLEMS 191
12.5. METES MEETS BOUNDS 193
12.5. METES MEETS BOUNDS 195
12.6. THE SQUARE THAT WASN’T THERE 197
12.6. THE SQUARE THAT WASN’T THERE 199
12.6. THE SQUARE THAT WASN’T THERE 201
13.1. CREATING NEW PARCELS
13.2. EXISTING PARCELS
13.3. GENERAL OUTLINE
13.4. THE CAPTION
13.5. THE NARRATIVE
13.6.1. “Commencing At”
13.6.2. “Point-of-Beginning”
13.6.3. “Thence” and “;”
13.6.4. “In a —ly Direction”
13.6.5. “-Most”
13.6.6. “Along”
13.6.7. “A Distance Of”
13.6.8. “To” and “To a Point”
13.6.9. “That Same Point”
13.6.10. “Point of Curvature” and “Point of Tangency”
13.6.11. “From Whence Bears” and “Distant”
13.6.12. “Encompassing an Area Of”
13.7. DELETIONS OR ADDITIONS
13.8. REFERENCES
14.1. CASE 1
14.2. CASE 2
14.3. CASE 3
15.1. CONFIDENTIALITY
15.2. PROFESSIONAL COURTESY
15.3. IMPARTIAL EVALUATION
15.4. PROMOTE PROFESSIONALISM
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A Guide to Understanding Land Surveys (Third Edition)

A Guide to Understanding Land Surveys (Third Edition)

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Published by: barupatty on Sep 24, 2011
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