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Published by: Chandra Shekhar Vishnoi on Sep 24, 2011
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04/17/2012

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1
Chapter 1
INTRODUCTION
WORK STUDY
Higher productive in organisations leads to national prosperity and better standard of livingfor the whole community. This has motivated several works on productivity improvement atdifferent levels. Consequently,today we have a significant body of literature on the subject.The object of this chapter is to discuss some productivity improvement techniques at theenterprise level.Work
study was also widely known for as ”time and motion study” as its stands today
,provides us with as scientific approach to investigate into all forms of work, with a view toincrease the productivity .While many techniques are available to increase the productivitythat qualify as scientific approach, not all of them fall under domain of work study .while themany techniques for raising productivity are valuable today that qualify as a scientificapproach, not all of them fall under domain of work study .Method study and workmeasurement are the two that are covered in work study.
DEFINITION
:The definition of work study as given in the British standard glossary is as follows:
“Work study is a generic term for these techniques, particularly method study
andwork measurement, which are used in the examination of human work in all itscontext, and which leads systematically to the investigation of all the factors whichaffected the efficiency of the situation being reviewed, in order to affect improvement.
 
2
WORK STUDY
 
Classification of work study
Work Study is the systematic examination of theMethods of carrying on activities so as toImprove the effective use of resources and to set up standards of performance for theactivities being carried out
. 
Fig.(1.1)
 
Work study
 
 
3
Chapter 2
METHOD STUDY 
Resource requierd to produce goods and services would be from the following
:(a)
 
Man
(b)
 
Materials
(c)
 
Machine
(d)
 
Technology
(e)
 
Time .They are to be deployed in the most effective and efficient manner.This process of deployment is a continuous one since the best available combination of the resource at somepoint would not necessarily coincide with the best available combination at some later pointof time.This imphasises that there is a continuing need for analysising existing working methods todevelop more efficient working methods for the future.
 
It is used for examintion of human work in all its contexts.
 
But method study is used to examine the ways of doing work.and for reducing thecost.
 
It is concerd with the reduction of the work content of a job or operation.Method study examines the way a task (changing the clutch on a car, preparing a flower bed for planting, cleaning a hotel room) is done. The industrial engineer has an eye on operational

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