Higher productive in organisations leads to national prosperity and better standard of livingfor the whole community. This has motivated several works on productivity improvement atdifferent levels. Consequently,today we have a significant body of literature on the subject.The object of this chapter is to discuss some productivity improvement techniques at theenterprise level.Work
study was also widely known for as ”time and motion study” as its stands today
,provides us with as scientific approach to investigate into all forms of work, with a view toincrease the productivity .While many techniques are available to increase the productivitythat qualify as scientific approach, not all of them fall under domain of work study .while themany techniques for raising productivity are valuable today that qualify as a scientificapproach, not all of them fall under domain of work study .Method study and workmeasurement are the two that are covered in work study.
:The definition of work study as given in the British standard glossary is as follows:
“Work study is a generic term for these techniques, particularly method study
andwork measurement, which are used in the examination of human work in all itscontext, and which leads systematically to the investigation of all the factors whichaffected the efficiency of the situation being reviewed, in order to affect improvement.