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Reaction Paper in Arkeo

Reaction Paper in Arkeo

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Published by Frauline Tadle

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Published by: Frauline Tadle on Sep 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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It has been one of the mostly asked questions of Filipino Archeologist regarding of how the IslandSoutheast Asia, particularly in the Philippines has been populated. Many theories has been presented but are stillinsufficient to establish an account that will satisfy the matter.Dr. Robert Fox, a prominent American anthropologist who greatly contributed to the first major scientificexcavation in the archipelago firmly suggests that early humans came from the main land South-East Asia thento Island South-East Asia then to Pacific Region, based on his interview in ‘The Philippine Story’, a video takenand posted on YouTube.com (2009). In connection to this, Fox and members of National Museum conductedtheir excavation in Lippun Point, Quezon, Palawan.in a limestone cave (which we now know as Tabon Cave)with the help of some Tagbanuas who were highly-skilled in utilizing native tools and still practicing old practices and traditions, especially, burial jars.Tabon Cave was popularized because of the number of jars found in it as well as stone tools that wereexposed, sign that people have inhabited the cave. But the problem that they have met is that, the stratigraphy of the site has been highly-disturbed. Another stunning discovery is the Manunggul jar in Manuggul Cave with anapproximately appeared in 8
century B.C. This may suggest the practice of respect to the ancestors by the earlymen as burial jars appeared 3,000 years ago, long after the approximated time of arrival and inhabitation of early human in Tabon Cave, 9,000 to 50,000 years ago.Also, one of the most remarkable discovery in this series of caves is the discovery of a higher cave thatalso contained jars but what really matters is that, it has sea shell fossils in it; remains which were not found inTabon Cave. This may be contributed by the Last Glacial Maxima that introduced sea shells on humans duringthose times.These evidences presented by Dr. Fox may have supported well-accepted idea that the people of thePhilippines have migrated from mainland Asia thousands of years ago. But recent finding may suggest thatthere could also be a possibility that evolution may have started in Asia, particularly, Philippines.According to an article entitled ‘Site hints at Asian roots for human genus: New finds in Caucasus suggestnon-African origin for ancient Homo species’ by Bruce Bower (sciencenews.org., 2011), a new evidencesshowed that species occupies a West Asian site called Dmanisi from 1.85 million to 1.77 million years ago, atthe same time or slightly before the earliest evidence of this humanlike species in Africa’. As quoted by HarvardUniversity anthropologist Philip Rightmire,” It certainly looks as though the African origin of 
 H. Erectus
must be considered.” If it does in a West Asian site, how can it not be in the Philippines?Another article tackles about another discovery regarding human evolution. This article entitled ‘Finds inSouth Africa Continue to Shake Current Models of Human Evolution” (2011) presents the discovery of newspecies of 
Australopithecus: Australopithecus sediba
dated to be approximately 1.78 to 1.95 million years ago,consisting of a mosaic of primitive features characteristic of other Australopithecus species and more advancefeatures typical of later 
genus. The most striking finding in here is that it shaken the idea that thedevelopment of larger brain was a salient factoring the development of the more human-like pelvis of 
thus, further strengthens the theory that bipedal movement may have been preceded larger brain development.This may suggest that if we could find any trace of a highly-acceptable candidate for human evolution in theislands, then we can say that that they have developed their bipedal system first and roam the archipelago asgatherers before they have developed their skills in stone tool making.In connection to this possibilities, an older human remains (67,000 years old) has been excavated in Callao

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