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Saturn I the First Generation of Heavy Launch Vehciles for Peaceful Exploration of Space

Saturn I the First Generation of Heavy Launch Vehciles for Peaceful Exploration of Space

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Published by Bob Andrepont

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Sep 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/29/2013

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SATURN
LAUNCHES
Saturn
I
is the first of three genera-tions of Saturn-class rockets beingdeveloped under the direction ofNASA's Marshall Space Flight Centerat Huntsville, Alabama. The threeSaturns are the most powerful rocketsin advanced stages of development inthe United States.Saturn
I
was first launched October
27,
1961, at Cape Kennedy, with only the first stage (5-1) live.The completely successful firing was followed by three addi-tional successful flights testing the clustered engine conceptof the first stage.On the fifth flight test of Saturn
I,
made January 29, 1964,the second (S-IV) stage was flown live for the first time, placingitself and a payload into orbit for a record-breaking total tonnageof 37,700 pounds.Saturn
I
flights will continue through mid-1965. Mannedflights will not be attempted in Saturn
I,
but the final threelaunches of the 10-vehicle research and development flighttest program will place in orbit Meteoroid Technology Satellites.These satellites are designed to measure and report the mete-oroid hazard with which Apollo astronauts will be faced.Decisions on the structural design of the parts of theSaturn/Apol lo Spacecraft which will be exposed in space willbe made from information obtained from these satellites.Most important of the Saturn
I
missions is the testing ofsystems and concepts to be used in all three Saturn rockets.Test launchings of the smaller and less costly Saturn
I
makepossible fewer research and development launchings of the twolarger and more expensive Saturns to be used in manned spaceflights.Saturn
I
has pioneered the clustered-engine concept,path-adaptive guidance system, and other systems essential indevelopment of a heavy duty rocket capability.
 
PHYSICAL
DESCRIPTION
1
I
Unmanned boilerplate" ApolloSpacecraft tests spacecraft systemsto be used in manned moon trip.Meteoroid Technology Satelliteswill be housed inside the servicemodule.Instrument Unit, located betweenthe Apollo model and S-IV stage,contains guidance and control systemfor the vehicle.
BOILERPLATE
APOLLO
SPACECRAFT
Total Thrust--90,000 pounds.Propellants--Liquid oxygen/liquidhydrogenLiftoff weight--1 13,500 pounds.Burning Time--About
8
minutes.Total Thrust--1.5 million pounds.Propel ants--Liquid oxygen/kerosene.Liftoff Weight--960,000 pounds.Burning Time--About 2 1/2 minutes.Vehicle Stages--TwoTotal Vehicle Liftoff Weight--1.1million pounds.Note: Dimensions and figures areapproximate and will vary slight-ly with individual vehicles.

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